The Monument House of the Bulgarian Communist Party (also known as the Buzludzha Monument) was built on Buzludzha Peak by the Bulgarian communist regime. It commemorated the events of 1891, when a group of socialists led by Dimitar Blagoev assembled secretly in the area to form an organised socialist movement that led to the founding of the Bulgarian Social Democratic Party, a forerunner of the Bulgarian Communist Party.
Construction of the monument began on 23 January 1974 under architect Georgi Stoilov, a former mayor of Sofia and co-founder of the Union of Architects in Bulgaria. Trinitrotoluene (TNT) was used to level the peak into a stable foundation, reducing the mountain's height from 1,441 metres (4,728 feet) to 1,432 metres (4,698 feet). More than 15,000 cubic metres of rock were removed in the process. The monument was built at a cost of 14,186,000 leva, which by today's[when?] rates is roughly equivalent to US$35 million.[clarification needed]
The building exemplifies the futurist architecture common to many state-constructed communist buildings. It is no longer managed, and is closed to the public as it is considered dangerous. There is a proposal by The Buzludha Project to architecturally preserve the monument and turn the building into an interpretive museum of Bulgarian History.
Inside the building, mosaics that cover approximately 510 square meters of space commemorate the history of the Bulgarian Communist Party. The mosaics were built with 35 tons of cobalt glass. Today 20% of them have been destroyed due to age and vandalism.
On the outer ring of the monument, mosaics were built with natural stones gathered from rivers across Bulgaria. These mosaics have also mostly vanished due to natural causes.
|“||I am honoured to be in the historical position to open the House-Monument [of the Bulgarian Communist Party], built in honour of the accomplishments of Dimitar Blagoev and his associates; who, 90 years ago, laid the foundations for the revolutionary Marxist Party in Bulgaria. Let the pathways leading here – to the legendary Buzludzha Peak, here in the Stara Planina where the first Marxists came to continue the work of sacred and pure love that was started by Bulgaria’s socialist writers and philosophers – never fall into disrepair.
Let generation after generation of socialist and communist Bulgaria come here, to bow down before the feats and the deeds of those who came before; those who lived on this land and gave everything they had to their nation. Let them feel that spirit that ennobles us and as we empathise with the ideas and dreams of our forefathers, so let us experience that same excitement today! Glory to Blagoev and his followers; those first disciples of Bulgarian socialism, who sowed the immortal seeds of today’s Bulgarian Communist Party in the public soul!
In popular culture
- Ian Elsner (2018-07-23). "47. Buzludzha Is Deteriorating. Dora Ivanova Wants To Turn It Into A Museum". Museum Archipelago (Podcast). Museum Archipelago. Retrieved 2019-01-16.
- "History". The Buzludzha Monument. Retrieved 2017-05-03.
- Bell, John D. (1986). The Bulgarian Communist Party from Blagoev to Zhivkov. Hoover Institution Press. p. 22.
- Rytkönen, Annika (2014-10-03). "Haloo Helsingin uutuusvideo kuvattiin poikkeusluvalla". Iltalehti (in Finnish). Retrieved 2015-07-31.
- "Calcutta - Kiwi". YouTube. Retrieved 3 October 2018.
- Lucciola, Marika (13 September 2018). "Calcutta – Nuovo video di Kiwi" [Calcutta - New video for Kiwi]. LaScimmiaPensa.com (in Italian).
- The Rough Guide to Bulgaria (2008) ISBN 978-1-85828-068-4 p. 297
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Buzludzha.|
- Website dedicated to Buzludzha Monument
- The Economist, Buzludzha: A crumbling reminder of communism, Published on Oct 20, 2014.
- Bulgaria’s crumbling ode to socialism, BBC News, July 26, 2018.
- Podcast About Buzludzha Monument's Current State and Plans To Turn It Into A Museum, Featuring Bulgarian Architect Dora Ivanova
Adrien Minard, Bouzloudja. Crépuscule d'une utopie, Paris, éditions B2, 2018.