By-elections to the 42nd Canadian Parliament

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By-elections to the 42nd Canadian Parliament


By-elections to the 42nd Canadian Parliament results by riding.svg
Results by riding. Different shading indicated party strength in the riding.

By-elections to the 42nd Canadian Parliament are held to fill vacancies in the House of Commons of Canada between the 2015 federal election and the next federal election. The 42nd Canadian Parliament has existed since 2015 with the membership of its House of Commons having been determined by the results of the Canadian federal election held on October 19, 2015. The Liberal Party of Canada has a majority government during this Parliament.

A by-election was held on October 24, 2016, following the death of Jim Hillyer (Conservative, Medicine Hat—Cardston—Warner) on March 23, 2016.[1]

Five by-elections were held on April 3, 2017:

One was held following the death of Mauril Bélanger (Liberal, Ottawa—Vanier) on August 16, 2016.[2] A second was called due to the resignation from the House of Commons of former prime minister Stephen Harper (Conservative, Calgary Heritage) on August 26, 2016.[3] A third was held due to the resignation of Jason Kenney (Conservative, Calgary Midnapore), effective September 23, 2016,[4] to enter provincial politics and pursue the leadership of the Progressive Conservative Association of Alberta.[5][6] A fourth by-election was called for the constituency of Markham—Thornhill following the appointment of John McCallum (Liberal) as Ambassador to China;[7] and a fifth was called for the constituency of Saint-Laurent following the appointment of Stéphane Dion (Liberal) as Ambassador to Germany.[8] They officially resigned their seats in the House of Commons on January 31, 2017.[9][10]

Two further by-elections were held on October 23, 2017, in Sturgeon River—Parkland and Lac-Saint-Jean, following the resignations of former interim Conservative leader Rona Ambrose on July 4, 2017, and former Conservative deputy leader Denis Lebel on August 9, 2017.[11][12][13]

Four by-elections were held on December 11, 2017,[14] due to the death on September 14, 2017, of Arnold Chan (Liberal, Scarborough—Agincourt),[15] the resignations effective September 30, 2017, of former cabinet minister Judy Foote (Liberal, Bonavista—Burin—Trinity),[16] and Dianne Watts (Conservative, South Surrey—White Rock) to enter provincial politics and pursue the leadership of the British Columbia Liberal Party,[17] and in Battlefords—Lloydminster due to the resignation of Conservative MP Gerry Ritz on October 2, 2017.[18]

One by-election was held on June 18, 2018 in Chicoutimi—Le Fjord, following the resignation of Liberal MP Denis Lemieux[19] on December 1, 2017.[20][21]

Four additional by-elections are expected in 2018 due to the announcement by former New Democratic Party leader Tom Mulcair that he intends to resign his seat of Outremont sometime over the summer to accept an academic position,[22] the announcement by Liberal MP Nicola Di Iorio that he intends to resign his seat of Saint-Léonard—Saint-Michel,[23] in Leeds—Grenville—Thousand Islands and Rideau Lakes, as a result of the death on May 2, 2018 of Conservative MP Gord Brown,[24] and the announcement by NDP MP Kennedy Stewart that he intends to resign his seat of Burnaby South sometime over the summer to run for Mayor of Vancouver.[25]

The writ for a by-election must be dropped no sooner than 11 days and no later than 180 days after the Chief Electoral Officer is officially notified of a vacancy via a warrant issued by the Speaker. Under the Canada Elections Act, the minimum length of a campaign is 36 days between dropping the writ and election day.[26]

Overview[edit]

By-election Date Incumbent Party Winner Party Cause Retained
Burnaby South TBA Kennedy Stewart      New Democratic Resigning Summer 2018 to run for Mayor of Vancouver
Saint-Léonard—
Saint-Michel
TBA Nicola Di Iorio      Liberal Resigning
Outremont TBA Tom Mulcair      New Democratic Resigning Summer 2018 to accept an academic appointment.
Leeds—Grenville—
Thousand Islands
and Rideau Lakes
TBA by October 30, 2018 Gord Brown      Conservative Death (heart attack)
Chicoutimi—
Le Fjord
June 18, 2018 Denis Lemieux      Liberal Richard Martel      Conservative Resigned No
Battlefords—
Lloydminster
December 11, 2017 Gerry Ritz      Conservative Rosemarie Falk      Conservative Resigned Yes
South Surrey—
White Rock
December 11, 2017 Dianne Watts      Conservative Gordie Hogg      Liberal Resigned to seek the leadership of the British Columbia Liberal Party No
Bonavista—
Burin—Trinity
December 11, 2017 Judy Foote      Liberal Churence Rogers      Liberal Resigned due to illness in her family Yes
Scarborough—
Agincourt
December 11, 2017 Arnold Chan      Liberal Jean Yip      Liberal Death (nasopharyngeal cancer) Yes
Lac-Saint-Jean October 23, 2017 Denis Lebel      Conservative Richard Hébert      Liberal Resigned to accept a position in the private sector No
Sturgeon River—
Parkland
October 23, 2017 Rona Ambrose      Conservative Dane Lloyd      Conservative Resigned to accept an academic appointment Yes
Saint-Laurent April 3, 2017 Stéphane Dion      Liberal Emmanuella Lambropoulos      Liberal Resigned to accept appointment as Canadian Ambassador to Germany Yes
Markham—
Thornhill
April 3, 2017 John McCallum      Liberal Mary Ng      Liberal Resigned to accept appointment as Canadian Ambassador to China Yes
Calgary Midnapore April 3, 2017 Jason Kenney      Conservative Stephanie Kusie      Conservative Resigned to seek the leadership of the Progressive Conservative Association of Alberta Yes
Calgary Heritage April 3, 2017 Stephen Harper      Conservative Bob Benzen      Conservative Resigned Yes
Ottawa—Vanier April 3, 2017 Mauril Bélanger      Liberal Mona Fortier      Liberal Death (amyotrophic lateral sclerosis) Yes
Medicine Hat—
Cardston—Warner
October 24, 2016 Jim Hillyer      Conservative Glen Motz      Conservative Death (heart attack) Yes


October 24, 2016 by-election[edit]

Medicine Hat—Cardston—Warner[edit]

A by-election was held on October 24, 2016,[1] in the riding of Medicine Hat—Cardston—Warner, which had been vacant since March 23, 2016, when Conservative Party of Canada MP Jim Hillyer died in his office following a heart attack.[27] The riding has been held by centre-right parties since Bert Hargrave defeated Liberal incumbent Bud Olson, himself a former Social Credit MP, in 1972.[1] This was the first by-election in the 108-year history of the Medicine Hat constituency. The Speaker's warrant regarding the vacancy was received on March 24, 2016.

Retired Medicine Hat Police inspector Glen Motz[1] defeated businessman Brian Benoit, former Cardston-Taber-Warner and Calgary-Glenmore MLA Paul Hinman, lawyer Michael W. Jones, and party worker Joe Schow for the Conservative nomination, which was held in late June.[28] Cypress-Medicine Hat MLA Drew Barnes, former Medicine Hat MLA Blake Pedersen, and Dan Hein, Hillyer's closest competitor for the nomination in 2015, all declined to run for the Conservative nomination despite speculation to the contrary.[29]

Well-known Medicine Hat businessman Stan Sakamoto was the Liberal candidate.[1]

The Libertarian Party of Canada nominated Sheldon Johnston as its candidate.[30] The Libertarians and the Rhinoceros Party nominated candidates for the first time in Medicine Hat.

Canadian federal by-election, October 24, 2016: Medicine Hat—Cardston—Warner
Death of Jim Hillyer
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Glen Motz 23,932 69.85 +1.05
Liberal Stan Sakamoto 8,778 25.62 +7.68
Christian Heritage Rod Taylor 702 2.05
New Democratic Beverly Ann Waege 353 1.03 −8.64
Libertarian Sheldon Johnston 284 0.83
Rhinoceros Kayne Cooper 211 0.62
Total valid votes/Expense limit 34,260 100.00 –  
Total rejected ballots -
Turnout 44.54
Eligible voters 76,911
Conservative hold Swing −3.32
Sources: Elections Canada[31]

April 3, 2017 by-elections[edit]

Ottawa—Vanier[edit]

A by-election was held on April 3, 2017,[2] in the riding of Ottawa—Vanier, which had been vacant since the death of Mauril Bélanger on August 16, 2016, from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (also known as Lou Gehrig's disease). The riding was one of the most solidly Liberal in the country, having elected Liberals both federally and provincially in every election since its creation in 1935.[32] The Speaker's warrant regarding the vacancy was received on August 23, 2016.

After several prominent potential candidates, including Bélanger's widow Catherine Bélanger, Ottawa councillors Tobi Nussbaum and Tim Tierney, and 2014 council candidate Catherine Fortin LeFaivre[33][34] declined to run, eight candidates sought the Liberal nomination: Senate staffer Khatera Akbari, lawyer Jean Claude Dubuisson, communications consultant Mona Fortier, Liberal staffer Eric Khaiat, former Cape Breton Highlands—Canso MP Francis LeBlanc, public servant Ainsley Malhotra, former executive director of The Humanitarian Coalition Nicolas Moyer, and Unique FM executive director Véronique Soucy. Up to 6,500 party members were eligible to vote in the nomination contest. Mona Fortier won the nomination on February 5, 2017.[35][36]

Unsuccessful 2015 candidate Emilie Taman, a University of Ottawa law professor and daughter of former Supreme Court Justice Louise Arbour, ran again for the NDP.[33]

Parliament Hill staffer Adrian Papara defeated former New Brunswick MLA Joel Bernard for the Conservative Party nomination, decided on February 16.[37]

Educator and community activist Nira Dookeran was the Green candidate.[38]

Canadian federal by-election, April 3, 2017: Ottawa—Vanier
Death of Mauril Bélanger
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Mona Fortier 15,190 51.20 −6.37
New Democratic Emilie Taman 8,523 28.73 +9.48
Conservative Adrian Paul Papara 4,578 15.43 −3.68
Green Nira Dookeran 987 3.33 +0.26
Independent John "The Engineer" Turmel 153 0.52
Libertarian Damien Wilson 137 0.46 −0.33
Independent Christina Wilson 99 0.33
Total valid votes/Expense limit 29,667 100.0   –  
Total rejected ballots -
Turnout
Eligible voters 86,998
Liberal hold Swing −7.91

Calgary Heritage[edit]

The riding of Calgary Heritage became vacant when former Prime Minister of Canada Stephen Harper resigned his seat on August 26, 2016, to return to private life, including accepting directorships on corporate boards and establishing a consultancy firm.[3] The electoral district was created for the 2015 federal election and has had Harper as its only MP; however, it is largely composed of the former riding of Calgary Southwest which was held by conservative parties throughout its existence.

Bob Benzen, a small business owner and member of the Calgary Heritage Conservative Association[39] defeated Rick Billington, a lawyer and the former president of the Calgary Heritage Conservative Association, and city prosecutor Paul Frank for the Conservative nomination, which was decided on October 23.[40] Former Calgary Centre MP Joan Crockatt, party insider Alan Hallman, former Medicine Hat MP Monte Solberg, and Dan Williams, a former staffer to Calgary Midnapore MP Jason Kenney, all declined to run for the nomination despite speculation to the contrary.[3] Ric McIver, leader of the Progressive Conservative Association of Alberta and MLA for Calgary-Hays, stated that he would not run.[3]

Rumoured candidates for the Liberal nomination included physician Brendan Miles, the 2015 candidate in this riding, Chima Nkemdirim, the chief of staff to Calgary Mayor Naheed Nenshi, and former Conservative MP Lee Richardson.[3] On February 8, 2017, the Liberal nomination was won by physician Scott Forsyth,[41] defeating Steven Turner and Kanwar Gill.[42][43]

Khalis Ahmed won the uncontested NDP nomination.[44]

Taryn Knorren defeated Brennan Wauters for the Green Party of Canada nomination.[45]

The Libertarian candidate was Darcy Gerow.[43]

Businesswoman and former Dragons' Den star Arlene Dickinson was considered a potential candidate until she declined interest on January 22. Dickinson stated she had supported aspects of both Conservative and Liberal policies in the past, but considers herself non-partisan.[46]

The by-election was announced on February 22, 2017. The Speaker's warrant regarding the vacancy was received on August 29, 2016. The last day a by-election could have been announced was February 25, 2017, with an election held at least 36 days after being announced.[47]

Canadian federal by-election, April 3, 2017: Calgary Heritage
Resignation of Stephen Harper
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Bob Benzen 19,389 71.49 +7.72
Liberal Scott Forsyth 5,889 21.71 −4.26
New Democratic Khalis Ahmed 784 2.89 −4.39
Green Taryn Knorren 484 1.78 −0.35
Christian Heritage Jeff Willerton 383 1.41
Libertarian Darcy Gerow 113 0.42
National Advancement Stephen J. Garvey 79 0.29
Total valid votes/Expense limit 27,121 100.0   –  
Total rejected ballots -
Turnout
Eligible voters 81,036
Conservative hold Swing +4.70

Calgary Midnapore[edit]

The riding of Calgary Midnapore was vacated by Conservative MP Jason Kenney who resigned his seat effective September 23, 2016,[4] to seek the leadership of the Progressive Conservative Association of Alberta.[6][5] The electoral district was created for the 2015 federal election and has had Kenney as its only MP, however predecessor ridings from which Calgary Midnapore was created had, since the 1993 federal election, successively elected Reform, Canadian Alliance and Conservative MPs.

Former diplomat Stephanie Kusie[48] defeated entrepreneur Myles McDougall[49] and local federal riding association president Jack Redekop[50] for the Conservative nomination, held on January 14, 2017.[48]

Haley Brown was acclaimed as the Liberal candidate on January 22.[51]

Holly Heffernan was acclaimed as the NDP candidate on February 6.[52]

Ryan Zedic was acclaimed as the Green Party of Canada candidate on December 8, 2016.[53]

The by-election, held on April 3, 2017, was announced on February 22, 2017. The Speaker's warrant regarding the vacancy was received on September 23, 2016. The last day a by-election could have been announced was March 22, 2017, with an election held at least 36 days afterwards.[47]

Canadian federal by-election, April 3, 2017: Calgary Midnapore
Resignation of Jason Kenney
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Stephanie Kusie 22,454 77.17 +10.44
Liberal Haley Brown 4,950 17.01 −5.64
New Democratic Holly Heffernan 735 2.53 −5.20
Green Ryan Zedic 625 2.15 −0.51
Christian Heritage Larry R. Heather 251 0.86
National Advancement Kulbir Singh Chawla 81 0.28
Total valid votes/Expense limit 29,096 100.0   –  
Total rejected ballots -
Turnout
Eligible voters 89,436
Conservative hold Swing +8.08

Markham—Thornhill[edit]

The riding of Markham—Thornhill was vacated on February 1, 2017,[9][8] following the appointment of Liberal MP and Minister of Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship John McCallum as Ambassador to China.[7] The electoral district was created for the 2015 federal election and has had McCallum as its only MP, however McCallum had represented predecessor ridings from which Markham—Thornhill was created since the 2000 federal election.

Justin Trudeau's director of appointments and former senior Queen's Park staffer Mary Ng,[54] defeated small business owner Nadeem Quereshi[49] and technology entrepreneur Afraj Gill[49] for the Liberal Party nomination on March 4, 2017.[55] Ontario cabinet minister and Markham—Unionville MPP Michael Chan, 2015 Markham—Unionville Liberal candidate Bang-Gu Jiang,[56] businesswoman Sofia Sun,[56] and former city councillor Khalid Usman were rumoured to be possible candidates but all of them ultimately endorsed Ng.[54][56] Other speculated candidates for the Liberal nomination who did not run included Markham Regional councillor Jack Heath and Markham Mayor Frank Scarpitti.[57]

Liberal nomination contestant and school trustee Juanita Nathan initially ran for her party's nomination but withdrew in protest of the Liberal Party's handling of the nomination process.[58][59]

Radio host and newspaper columnist Gavan Paranchothy defeated CIBC economist Theodore Antony,[49] former senior Queen's Park staffer Lara Coombs,[49] former Don Valley East MP Joe Daniel,[49] and parental rights advocate John Himanen[49] for the Conservative Party nomination on March 8.[60] Paranchothy previously ran for the party in 2011 in Scarborough Southwest.

Small business owner Gregory Hines defeated insurance broker Marco Coletta for the NDP nomination.[49] Hines previously ran for the party in Markham—Stouffville in 2015.

Independent candidate Above Znoneofthe is a resident of Oshawa, formerly named Sheldon Bergson, who legally changed his name in 2015 so that he could register as a "none of the above" protest candidate in the 2015 federal election;[61] although he did not complete the process in time to register for that election, he first ran in the provincial Whitby—Oshawa by-election of 2016. He has since registered as a candidate in several other provincial and federal by-elections.[62]

The by-election, held on April 3, 2017, was announced on February 22, 2017. The Speaker's warrant regarding the vacancy was received on February 6, 2017; under the Parliament of Canada Act the writ for the by-election had to be issued no earlier than February 17, 2017, and no later than August 5, 2017. The election date must be set to be a Monday at least 36 days after the writ is issued.[63]

Canadian federal by-election, April 3, 2017: Markham—Thornhill
Resignation of John McCallum
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Mary Ng 9,856 51.53 −4.19
Conservative Ragavan Paranchothy 7,501 39.22 +6.91
New Democratic Gregory Hines 671 3.51 −7.21
Progressive Canadian Dorian Baxter 566 2.96
Green Caryn Bergmann 426 2.23 +0.98
Libertarian Brendan Thomas Reilly 118 0.62
Independent Above Znoneofthe 77 0.40
Total valid votes/Expense limit 19,125 100.0   –  
Total rejected ballots -
Turnout 27.51
Eligible voters 69,838
Liberal hold Swing −5.55

Saint-Laurent[edit]

The riding of Saint-Laurent was vacated on February 6, 2017,[10][8] following the appointment of Liberal MP and former Minister of Foreign Affairs Stéphane Dion as Canada's Ambassador to the European Union and Germany.[8] The riding (previously called Saint-Laurent—Cartierville) has been represented by Dion since 1996, and has been held by the Liberals since its creation in 1988.[32]

Candidates for the Liberal nomination included former Nelligan MNA and provincial cabinet minister Yolande James, and tax law professor Marwah Rizqy, the 2015 Liberal candidate in Hochelaga. Saint-Laurent Borough Mayor and Montreal City Councillor Alan DeSousa intended to run for the nomination but was rejected by the party's nomination committee.[64][65] In what was seen as a surprising result, both James and Rizqy were defeated for the Liberal nomination by local educator Emmanuella Lambropoulos.

Jimmy Yu, a Conservative Party national councillor, was named the Conservative candidate on March 8.[66] Yu previously ran for the party in the same riding in 2015. Conservative leadership candidate and venture capitalist Rick Peterson had expressed interest in running for the nomination, but declined on March 7.[67]

Mathieu Auclair was named the New Democratic Party's candidate.[49]

William Fayad was named the Bloc Québécois candidate.[49]

Deputy Leader Daniel Green was named the Green Party candidate.[68]

The by-election, held on April 3, 2017, was announced on February 22, 2017. The Speaker's warrant regarding the vacancy was received on February 8, 2017; under the Parliament of Canada Act the writ for the by-election had to be issued no earlier than February 19, 2017, and no later than August 7, 2017. The election date must be set to be a Monday at least 36 days after the writ is issued.[69]

Canadian federal by-election, April 3, 2017: Saint-Laurent
Resignation of Stéphane Dion
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Emmanuella Lambropoulos 11,461 59.13 −2.44
Conservative Jimmy Yu 3,784 19.52 +0.01
Green Daniel Green 1,548 7.99 +5.57
New Democratic Mathieu Auclair 1,511 7.80 −3.72
Bloc Québécois William Fayad 951 4.91 +0.25
Rhinoceros Chinook Blais-Leduc 129 0.67
Total valid votes/Expense limit 19,384 100.0   –  
Total rejected ballots 255 1.30 +0.30
Turnout 19,639 28.33 −30.65
Eligible voters 69,302
Liberal hold Swing −1.24

October 23, 2017 by-elections[edit]

Sturgeon River—Parkland[edit]

The riding of Sturgeon River—Parkland was vacated on July 4, 2017, due to the resignation of Rona Ambrose whose term as interim Conservative Party of Canada leader ended with the election of her successor on May 27, 2017.[70] Ambrose announced her decision to resign to the Conservative Party caucus on May 12, 2017, and her decision was made public on May 15, 2017.[70] The suburban Edmonton riding was created for the 2015 federal election and has had Ambrose as its sole MP. It was created predominantly out of the former electoral district of Edmonton—Spruce Grove – for which Ambrose was the MP since its inception at the 2004 federal election – as well as Westlock—St. Paul which was held only by Conservatives from its creation in 2004 until it was abolished in 2015, as well as a small portion from the Yellowhead constituency which has been Conservative since 2003, and was previously held successively by the Progressive Conservatives, Reform Party and Canadian Alliance.

Former parliamentary staffer Dane Lloyd[71][72] defeated businessman and former 2017 Conservative leadership contestant Rick Peterson,[73] Ambrose constituency staffer Luke Inberg[74] and former Prime Minister's Office staffer Jamie Mozeson[75] for the Conservative nomination. A rumoured candidate for the Conservative nomination was Garry Keller, who served as Ambrose's chief of staff.[76] On August 25, Keller declared he would not run for the nomination.[77] The nomination to choose a Conservative candidate was held over two days, September 23 and 24.[78]

University of Alberta professor Brian Gold was acclaimed the Liberal Party candidate.[79] Gold previously ran for the party in 2015 in Edmonton Griesbach.

Medical laboratory technologist Shawna Gawreluck was selected as the NDP candidate.[79]

Educator Ernest Chauvet defeated businessman Kevin Schulthies for the Christian Heritage Party nomination on September 14.[80]

The Speaker's warrant regarding the vacancy was received on July 4, 2017; under the Parliament of Canada Act the writ for a by-election had to be dropped no sooner than August 21, 2017, and no later than December 31, 2017, 11 and 180 days, respectively, after the Chief Electoral Officer was officially notified of the vacancy via a warrant issued by the Speaker.[47] Under the Canada Elections Act, the minimum length of a campaign is 36 days between dropping the writ and election day.[26] On September 17, 2017, the writ was dropped for a by-election held on October 23, 2017.[13]

Canadian federal by-election, October 23, 2017: Sturgeon River—Parkland
Resignation of Rona Ambrose
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Conservative Dane Lloyd 16,125 77.36 +7.13
Liberal Brian Gold 2,508 12.03 −3.55
New Democratic Shawna Gawreluck 1,606 7.70 −2.32
Christian Heritage Ernest Chauvet 605 2.90 +1.78
Total valid votes/Expense limit 20,844  
Total rejected ballots
Turnout
Eligible voters
Conservative hold Swing +5.34
Source: Elections Canada

Lac-Saint-Jean[edit]

The riding of Lac-Saint-Jean was vacated on August 9, 2017, due to the resignation of former Conservative cabinet minister and deputy leader of the Conservative Party, Denis Lebel.[12] Lebel announced his decision to resign on June 19, 2017, saying that his resignation would take effect prior to the beginning of the fall session of parliament. He had been an MP for 10 years, representing Lac-Saint-Jean since its creation in 2015 and the former riding of Roberval—Lac-Saint-Jean from 2007 until 2015.[12] What is now Lac-Saint-Jean was previously represented by the Bloc Québécois from 1993 to 2007 and, provincially, three of the area's five seats are held by the Parti Québécois, while the New Democratic Party was the runner-up in the riding in the past two elections.[12]

Former Roberval city councillor Rémy Leclerc was acclaimed as the Conservative candidate on September 5.[81] Saguenay Mayor Jean Tremblay was speculated to be a candidate for the Conservative nomination, but did not run as the nomination took place before his term as mayor was completed in November 2017.[82]

Psychologist Gisèle Dallaire, the NDP's candidate in this riding in the 2015 election, was acclaimed as her party's candidate on September 25.[83][84]

Dolbeau-Mistassini Mayor Richard Hébert defeated former Mashteuiatsh vice-chief Marjolaine Étienne for the Liberal nomination on September 7.[85][86] Desbiens Mayor Nicolas Martel toyed with seeking the Liberal nomination, but ended up declining.[87]

Union official Marc Maltais was named the Bloc Québécois candidate on September 26.[88] Bloc leader Martine Ouellet, who does not have a seat in the House of Commons, ruled out standing as a candidate in the by-election as she is not from the Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean region.[89]

Pianist Yves Laporte was named the Green Party candidate on September 28.[90]

The Speaker's warrant regarding the vacancy was received on August 9, 2017; under the Parliament of Canada Act the writ for a by-election had to be dropped no sooner than August 20, 2017, and no later than February 5, 2018, 11 and 180 days, respectively, after the Chief Electoral Officer was officially notified of the vacancy via a warrant issued by the Speaker.[91] Under the Canada Elections Act, the minimum length of a campaign is 36 days between dropping the writ and election day.[26] On September 17, 2017, the writ was dropped for a by-election held on October 23, 2017.[13]

Canadian federal by-election, October 23, 2017: Lac-Saint-Jean
Resignation of Denis Lebel
Party Candidate Votes % ±% Expenditures
Liberal Richard Hébert 13,442 38.59 +20.15
Conservative Rémy Leclerc 8,710 25.01 −8.26
Bloc Québécois Marc Maltais 8,141 23.37 +5.00
New Democratic Gisèle Dallaire 4,079 11.71 −16.75
Green Yves Laporte 457 1.31 −0.15
Total valid votes/Expense limit 34,829 98.67   $133,786.71
Total rejected ballots 469 1.33
Turnout 35,298 41.61
Eligible voters 84,829
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +14.20
Source: Elections Canada

December 11, 2017 by-elections[edit]

Writs were dropped on November 5, 2017, for four by-elections that were subsequently held on December 11, 2017:[14]

Scarborough—Agincourt[edit]

A by-election was held in Scarborough—Agincourt as a result of the death of Liberal MP Arnold Chan from nasopharyngeal cancer on September 14, 2017.[15] Chan was first elected in a 2014 by-election and was re-elected in the 2015 general election with 51.9% of the vote. The riding of Scarborough—Agincourt has been held by the Liberals since it was first created for the 1988 federal election with Jim Karygiannis serving as its MP until his retirement in 2014.

Jean Yip, Chan's widow, defeated[92] Gordon Lam[49] for the Liberal nomination on November 12.[93][94] Ward 39 (Scarborough Agincourt – North) city councillor and former Scarborough—Agincourt MP Jim Karygiannis declined to run for the nomination, but threw his support to Yip.[94]

Investment banker Dasong Zou[49] defeated[95] the riding's Conservative candidate in the 2008 federal election, physician Benson Lau[96] for the Conservative nomination. York Region District School Board Trustee Allan Tam as well as former teacher and immigration officer Sarah Chung[97] were both rejected by the party. Tam did not apply before the deadline and Chung was disqualified on two different occasions.[98]

Scarborough-born federal NDP leader and former GTA MPP Jagmeet Singh, who does not have a seat in the House of Commons, ruled out standing as a candidate in the by-election.[99] On November 19, reporter Brian Chang was acclaimed the NDP candidate.[100]

Rumoured candidates for the Liberal nomination who ultimately did not run included Liberal Scarborough Centre MPP Brad Duguid,[101] Toronto City Council staffer Nick Mantas, Ontario Progressive Conservative staffer Hratch Aynedijan, Ward 36 (Scarborough Southwest – South) city councillor and former provincial Progressive Conservative candidate Gary Crawford, and Liberal Scarborough—Agincourt MPP Soo Wong.[94]

The Speaker's warrant regarding the vacancy was received on September 19, 2017; under the Parliament of Canada Act the writ for a by-election had to be dropped no later than March 18, 2018, 180 days after the Chief Electoral Officer was officially notified of the vacancy via a warrant issued by the Speaker.[47] Under the Canada Elections Act, the minimum length of a campaign is 36 days between dropping the writ and election day.[26]

Canadian federal by-election, December 11, 2017: Scarborough—Agincourt
Death of Arnold Chan
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Jean Yip 9,091 49.44 −2.50
Conservative Dasong Zou 7,448 40.51 +2.48
New Democratic Brian Chang 931 5.06 −2.79
Christian Heritage Jude Coutinho 371 2.02 +1.21
Green Michael DiPasquale 253 1.38 +0.00
Independent Tom Zhu 148 0.80
Independent John "The Engineer" Turmel 145 0.79
Total valid votes/Expense limit 18,387 100.00
Total rejected ballots
Turnout 18,387 26.74 −32.68
Eligible voters 68,775
Liberal hold Swing −2.49

Bonavista—Burin—Trinity[edit]

The riding of Bonavista—Burin—Trinity was vacated effective September 30, 2017, following the resignation of Judy Foote, Minister of Public Services and Procurement, from cabinet on August 24, 2017, and her resignation from parliament due to an illness in her family on September 30.[16]

Centreville-Wareham-Trinity Mayor and former president of the Federation of Municipalities in Newfoundland and Labrador Churence Rogers[102] defeated[103] comedian Pete Soucy,[104][105] provincial and federal Liberal party organizer Larry Guinchard,[106] RCMP officer Dale Foote,[107] and North Harbour farmer, former search and rescue coordinator, and 2008 Conservative Party candidate in St. John's South—Mount Pearl Merv Wiseman[108][109] for the Liberal nomination.

Teacher and guidance counselor Mike Windsor was named the Conservative candidate.[95] Windsor previously ran for the party in 2015 in the riding.

Tyler James Downey was named the NDP candidate.[110]

Rumoured candidates for the Liberal nomination who ultimately did not run included former Progressive Conservative MHA Darin King[111] and current Liberal MHAs Steve Crocker,[112] Carol Anne Haley, and Dale Kirby.[111] On September 22, 2017, MHA Mark Browne announced he would not be seeking the nomination.[112] Lawyer Stacy MacDonald initially sought the Liberal nomination[113] but withdrew on September 28.[114]

In the 2015 federal election, Foote won the newly created riding with 81% of the vote, the highest percentage of vote taken by a candidate nationally in that election.[115]

The Speaker's warrant regarding the vacancy was received on October 3, 2017; under the Parliament of Canada Act the writ for a by-election had to be dropped no later than April 1, 2018, 180 days after the Chief Electoral Officer was officially notified of the vacancy via a warrant issued by the Speaker.[47] Under the Canada Elections Act, the minimum length of a campaign is 36 days between dropping the writ and election day.[26]

Canadian federal by-election, December 11, 2017: Bonavista—Burin—Trinity
Resignation of Judy Foote
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Churence Rogers 8,717 69.22 −12.58
Conservative Mike Windsor 2,878 22.85 +12.78
New Democratic Tyler James Downey 598 4.75 −2.54
Libertarian Shane Stapleton 262 2.08 N/A
Green Tyler Colbourne 138 1.10 +0.25
Total valid votes/Expense limit 12,593 100.00
Total rejected ballots
Turnout 12,593 21.43 −35.94
Eligible voters 58,771
Liberal hold Swing −12.68

South Surrey—White Rock[edit]

The riding of South Surrey—White Rock was vacated on September 30, 2017, after Conservative MP Dianne Watts announced on September 24, 2017, that she would be resigning her seat to enter provincial politics and seek the leadership of the British Columbia Liberal Party.[17]

Former federal cabinet minister and Delta—Richmond East MP Kerry-Lynne Findlay[116] defeated[95] Fraser Institute policy analyst and former BC Liberal staffer David Hunt[117] and police officer Bryan Tepper for the Conservative Party nomination.

Former White Rock Mayor and Surrey-White Rock MLA Gordie Hogg was acclaimed[118] as the Liberal Party candidate. A rumoured candidate for the nomination was Judith Higginbotham, a former Surrey city councillor and the riding's Liberal candidate in the 2015 federal election.[119]

Mortgage broker Jonathan Silveira was acclaimed the NDP candidate on November 19.[120]

The Speaker's warrant regarding the vacancy was received on October 3, 2017; under the Parliament of Canada Act the writ for a by-election had to be dropped no later than April 1, 2018, 180 days after the Chief Electoral Officer was officially notified of the vacancy via a warrant issued by the Speaker.[47] Under the Canada Elections Act, the minimum length of a campaign is 36 days between dropping the writ and election day.[26]

Canadian federal by-election, December 11, 2017: South Surrey—White Rock
Resignation of Dianne Watts
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Gordie Hogg 14,369 47.49 +6.00
Conservative Kerry-Lynne Findlay 12,752 42.14 −1.89
New Democratic Jonathan Silveira 1,478 4.88 −5.53
Green Larry Colero 1,247 4.12 +0.70
Christian Heritage Rod Taylor 238 0.79
Libertarian Donald Wilson 89 0.29 −0.17
Progressive Canadian Michael Huenefeld 86 0.28 +0.09
Total valid votes/Expense limit 30,259 100.00
Total rejected ballots
Turnout 30,259 38.13 −36.60
Eligible voters 79,359
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing +1.40

Battlefords—Lloydminster[edit]

On August 30, 2017, it was reported that Battlefords—Lloydminster MP Gerry Ritz had asked not to be included in the reshuffled Conservative shadow cabinet. Ritz confirmed the next day that he would resign from parliament.[18] The seat was vacated on October 2, 2017.

Ritz has been Battlefords—Lloydminster's only Member of Parliament, holding the riding since its creation for the 1997 election, first as a Reform Party of Canada MP, then on behalf of the Canadian Alliance and since 2003 as a Conservative. He served as Agriculture Minister in Stephen Harper's cabinet from 2007 to 2015.

Former parliamentary staffer Rosemarie Falk defeated[121] Langham Mayor John Hildebrand, small business owner Aron Klassen, Kindersley CAO Bernie Morton, and farmer Richard Nelson to win the Conservative nomination.[122] Meadow Lake MLA and former Desnethé—Missinippi—Churchill River MP Jeremy Harrison was rumoured to be a candidate for the Conservative nomination,[123] but did not make his intentions known before the cut-off date to join the race.[122]

Rodeo cowboy and rancher Ken Finlayson's bid for the Conservative nomination[122] was rejected by the party over concern that he was not a "team player".[124] Finlayson ran as an independent.[125]

Professional MMA fighter and athlete Matt Fedler was named the NDP candidate.[126]

Contractor and former RM of Mervin councillor Larry Ingram was acclaimed as the Liberal Party candidate.[127] Ingram previously ran for the party in Battlefords—Lloydminster in 2015.

The Speaker's warrant regarding the vacancy was received on October 3, 2017; under the Parliament of Canada Act the writ for a by-election had to be dropped no later than April 1, 2018, 180 days after the Chief Electoral Officer was officially notified of the vacancy via a warrant issued by the Speaker.[47] Under the Canada Elections Act, the minimum length of a campaign is 36 days between dropping the writ and election day.[26]

Canadian federal by-election, December 11, 2017: Battlefords—Lloydminster
Resignation of Gerry Ritz
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Rosemarie Falk 8,965 69.56 +8.55
New Democratic Matt Fedler 1,698 13.17 −4.44
Liberal Larry Ingram 1,345 10.44 −6.04
Independent Ken Finlayson 681 5.28
Green Yvonne Potter-Pihach 200 1.55 −0.16
Total valid votes/Expense limit 12,889 100.00
Total rejected ballots
Turnout 12,889 27.05 −39.46
Eligible voters 47,651
Conservative hold Swing +6.49

June 18, 2018 by-election[edit]

Chicoutimi—Le Fjord[edit]

A by-election was held in Chicoutimi—Le Fjord following the announcement by Liberal MP Denis Lemieux on November 6, 2017, that he would be resigning his seat for family reasons;[19] his resignation took effect on December 1, 2017.[20] Lemieux was first elected in the 2015 federal election with 31.1% of the vote, narrowly defeating NDP incumbent Dany Morin.

Port Saguenay board member Lina Boivin, who was endorsed by Lemieux,[128][129] defeated former Saint-Charles de Bourget mayor Michel Ringuette[130] for the Liberal nomination,[131][132] held in May 2018. A rumoured candidate for the Liberal nomination was former Paralympic athlete and head of university sport at UQAC, Philippe Gagnon.[133] Former municipal councillor and former Quebec Liberal MNA candidate Joan Simard, local businessman Simon-Pierre Murdock, who later endorsed Boivin, and Chicoutimi-Nord Municipal Councillor Marc Pettersen declined to run for the nomination.[133][134][135] "Promotion Saguenay" Director of Industrial Development and Corporate Affairs Claude Bouchard had his candidacy rejected by the federal Liberal party.[133][131]

Éric Dubois, an union advisor at the CSN and former federal NDP candidate, was acclaimed as the NDP candidate on January 22, 2018.[136] Dany Morin and former Ontario MPP and federal NDP leader Jagmeet Singh both expressed interest in running for the nomination but decided against it.[137][138][139]

Catherine Bouchard-Tremblay was acclaimed as the candidate for the Bloc Québécois on May 18, 2018.[140] Former Dubuc PQ MNA Jean-Marie Claveau[141] and teacher Valérie Tremblay[141] were rumoured to be interested in running for the Bloc Québécois nomination. Former Chicoutimi—Le Fjord BQ MP Robert Bouchard, Saguenay firefighter Mario Gagnon,[142] and UQAC political science professor Michel Roche declined to run for the nomination.[141]

Two-time Ron Lapointe Trophy winning QMJHL coach Richard Martel was named the Conservative candidate on December 20, 2017.[143]

Lynda Youde was acclaimed as the candidate for the Green Party on May 22, 2018.[144]

The new « Groupe parlementaire québécois » / « Québec debout », formed by seven Members of Parliament after they left the Bloc Québécois, considered nominating a candidate[132] but failed to do so.

The Speaker's warrant regarding the vacancy was received on December 4, 2017; under the Parliament of Canada Act the writ for a by-election had to be dropped no later than June 2, 2018, 180 days after the Chief Electoral Officer was officially notified of the vacancy via a warrant issued by the Speaker.[47] Under the Canada Elections Act, the minimum length of a campaign is 36 days between dropping the writ and election day.[26] On May 13, 2018, the writ was dropped for a by-election for June 18, 2018.[21]

Canadian federal by-election, June 18, 2018: Chicoutimi—Le Fjord
Resignation of Denis Lemieux
** Preliminary results — Not yet official **
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Richard Martel 12,580 52.73 +36.13
Liberal Lina Boivin 7,032 29.48 -1.61
New Democratic Éric Dubois 2,065 8.66 -21.06
Bloc Québécois Catherine Bouchard-Tremblay 1,337 5.60 -14.92
Green Lynda Youde 736 3.09 +1.02
Independent John "The Engineer" Turmel 104 0.44
Total valid votes/Expense limit 23,854 100.00
Total rejected ballots
Turnout 36.06%
Eligible voters 66,152
Conservative gain from Liberal Swing +18.87

Pending by-elections[edit]

Leeds—Grenville—Thousand Islands and Rideau Lakes[edit]

The seat for the electoral district of Leeds—Grenville—Thousand Islands and Rideau Lakes has been vacant since May 2, 2018 when Conservative MP Gord Brown died of a heart attack in his Parliament Hill office in Ottawa.[24]

Colin Brown, Brown's nephew, announced his candidacy for the Conservative nomination and was quickly endorsed by Doug Ford.[145] In addition, Edwardsburgh/Cardinal town councillor and federal riding association president Michael Barrett,[146] government-relations specialist Stephanie Mitton,[146] and Anne Johnston,[147] a former aide to Leeds—Grenville—Thousand Islands and Rideau Lakes MPP Steve Clark are also running for the Conservative nomination. Former Canadian Senator and interim Leader of the Opposition in the Ontario Legislature Bob Runciman was rumoured to be interested in seeking the Conservative nomination[148] for the by-election but decided against it after his wife encountered some heath issues.[149]

Mary Jean McFall, the Liberal candidate of record and Chief of Staff to Agriculture Minister Lawrence MacAulay, is again seeking the nomination.[150]

The Speaker's warrant regarding the vacancy was received on May 3, 2018; under the Parliament of Canada Act the writ for a by-election has to be dropped no later than October 30, 2018, 180 days after the Chief Electoral Officer was officially notified of the vacancy via a warrant issued by the Speaker.[47] Under the Canada Elections Act, the minimum length of a campaign is 36 days between dropping the writ and election day.[26]

Canadian federal by-election, TBD: Leeds—Grenville—Thousand Islands and Rideau Lakes
Death of Gord Brown
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative
Liberal
New Democratic
Green
Total valid votes/Expense limit 100.00
Total rejected ballots
Turnout
Eligible voters

Prospective by-elections[edit]

Outremont[edit]

Former NDP leader Tom Mulcair announced on December 18, 2017, that he will be resigning his seat of Outremont, after the House of Commons rises for its summer break, to accept an appointment at an undisclosed university,[22] later revealed to be the Université de Montréal.

Mulcair's constituency office manager Graham Carpenter is a rumoured candidate for the NDP nomination.[151] Carpenter ran unsuccessfully in 2017 to unseat Lionel Perez as the Montreal City Councillor for the borough of Côte-des-Neiges–Notre-Dame-de-Grâce in Darlington district. Federal NDP leader and former Ontario MPP Jagmeet Singh said in the press in April 2018 that "It's not a 'no'" about running in Outremont.[152]

Lawyer Rachel Bendayan won the Liberal nomination;[151][153] Bendayan was the party's nominee in Outremont in the 2015 federal election and then worked as chief of staff of the federal Minister of Small Business and Tourism Bardish Chagger. Principal of Concordia University's Simone de Beauvoir Institute Kimberley Manning declared her intention to seek the Liberal nomination[154] but Bendayan ended up being chosen. Former Notre-Dame-de-Grâce MNA and Côte-des-Neiges–Notre-Dame-de-Grâce borough Mayor Russell Copeman[155] and federal Liberal riding president David Marshall[156] were rumoured candidates for the nomination. Former MP Martin Cauchon, who represented Outremont from 1993 to 2004 and sought the Liberal leadership in 2013, declined to seek the nomination.[157]

Canadian federal by-election, TBD: Outremont
Resignation of Tom Mulcair
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
New Democratic
Liberal Rachel Bendayan
Conservative
Bloc Québécois
Green
Libertarian
Communist
Total valid votes/Expense limit 100.00
Total rejected ballots
Turnout
Eligible voters

Saint-Léonard—Saint-Michel[edit]

Liberal MP Nicola Di Iorio announced on April 25, 2018 his plan to leave politics due to unspecified family reasons; although he did not give a timeline for his official resignation.[23]

Hassan Guillet, the spokesman for the Council of Imams of Quebec, may run for the Liberal nomination.[158]

Canadian federal by-election, TBD: Saint-Léonard—Saint-Michel
Resignation of Nicola Di Iorio
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal
New Democratic
Conservative
Bloc Québécois
Green
Marxist–Leninist
Total valid votes/Expense limit 100.00
Total rejected ballots
Turnout
Eligible voters

Burnaby South[edit]

NDP MP Kennedy Stewart announced at a press conference at Vancouver's Harbour Centre on May 10, 2018 that he was resigning during parliament's summer recess to run as an independent candidate for Mayor of Vancouver in the 2018 municipal election (since the incumbent mayor, Gregor Robertson, is not seeking another term).[25] Stewart expressed support for former Ontario MPP and federal NDP Leader Jagmeet Singh to replace him, if Singh decided to run.[159]

Canadian federal by-election, TBD: Burnaby South
Resignation of Kennedy Stewart
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
New Democratic
Liberal
Conservative
Green
Libertarian
Total valid votes/Expense limit 100.00
Total rejected ballots
Turnout
Eligible voters

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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