In 1958–1967 the Byaroza hydroelectric power station was built. The town of Byelaazyorsk was built for the power station workers in 1958.
At the time of the Belarus Census (2009), Byaroza District had a population of 66,988. Of these, 90.8% were of Belarusian, 5.7% Russian, 1.8% Ukrainian and 1.0% Polish ethnicity. 61.7% spoke Belarusian and 36.2% Russian as their native language.
There are industry enterprises in the raion producing agricultural products, ceramics, construction materials, textiles.
Places of interest
- Orthodox Charnyakawskaya church of St. Nicholas (1725)
- Carthusian monastery ruins, Byaroza
- Homestead of the Pusłowski family in Pyeski, 19th century
- Roman Catholic Church of St. Virgin Mary, Sihnyevichy (1795)
- Chernoye Lake (tenth the largest lake in Belarus)
- "Main characteristics of the largest lakes of Belarus". Land of Ancestors. Data of the Research Laboratory for Lake Study of the Belarus State University. 2011. Retrieved 5 October 2013.