Byblian royal inscriptions

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The Byblian royal inscriptions are five inscriptions from Byblos written in an early type of Phoenician script, all of which were discovered in the early 20th century:

  • The Abiba’l Inscription, on a statue of Sheshonq I, published in 1903[1]
  • The Ahiram Sarcophagus, discovered in 1923, together with two fragments of alabaster vases with the name of Ramesses II[2]
  • The Eliba’l Inscription, inscribed on a statue of Osorkon I[3]
  • The ″Yehimilk of Byblos Inscription″ published in 1930,[4] king ″Yehimilk of Byblos″[5]
  • The ″Shipitba'l Inscription″ published in 1945, [6] king Sibiti Baal of Byblos[5]



  1. ^ Charles Simon Clermont-Ganneau, Inscription égypto-phénicienne de Byblos, Comptes rendu, Académie des inscriptions et belies-lettres (Paris, 1903).
  2. ^ René Dussaud, Les inscriptions phéniciennes du tombeau d’Ahiram, roi de Byblos, Syria 5 (1924): 135–157.
  3. ^ René Dussaud, Dédicace dune stame d’Osorkon Ier par Elibaal, roi de Byblos, Syria 6 (1925): 101–117.
  4. ^ Maurice Dunand, Nouvelle Inscription Phénicienne Archaique, RB 39 (1930): 321–331.
  5. ^ a b "Middle East Kingdoms- Ancient Central Levant States". Kessler Associates. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
  6. ^ Maurice Dunand, Biblia Grammata: Documents et Recherches sur le Dévelopment de L'écriture en Phénicie (Beyrouth: Direction des Antiquité, 1945): 146–151.