Bynea was originally built as the grassing lands for the Romans, who built their fort in Loughor(Casllwchwr). The Yspitty area of Bynea was also a port for the ferry crossing of the River Loughor(Afon Llwchwr). It wasn't until the middle of the 17th century when the first Loughor Bridge was built that the Banc Y Spitty port was closed and the ferry from Loughor to Bynea out of use. Bynea was the name given to the areas east of the village centre and the lands used by the Romans. Where the old and central part of the village today, was originally called Cwm-Felin(mill-valley).This is still visible by the fact of the Cwmfelin Road running through Bynea to nearby Llwynhendy.It was called this after the mill that is still visible today from Heol Saron.
This was an agricultural area until the turn of the twentieth century, when it became heavily industralised with coal mines and steelworks. Bynea runs into the village of Llwynhendy, and between the two there are four places of worship, and a number of pubs.
In 1997 the Bynea District Forum was formed with the aim of protecting and promoting the community, its heritage and residents. Covering the village itself as well as the communities of Penygraig, Bryn and parts of Llwynhendy it has fought off many unwanted developments and incursions by groups of travellers. In 2017 after 20 years of loyal service the original officers of the forum retired and a new set of officers was elected to carry the work forward.
- G.M. Miller, BBC Pronouncing Dictionary of British Names (Oxford UP, 1971), p. 23.
- Bynea and Llwynhendy Local History Group, (2000) A History of Bynea and Llwynhendy.
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