Byneskranskop is an archaeological site in present-day South Africa where the coastal plain meets the southern Cape Fold Belt. Neolithic human remains have been discovered in caves at the site. Carbon dating of the remains indicates the bodies date from 3,000 to 2,000 years BCE.
Remains of tortoises at this site and a dig at Die Kelders, have been used to assess a correlation between tortoise size and human population, with a decrease in tortoise sizes as the human population grows.
- Schweitzer, F. R.; Wilson, M. L. (December 1978). "A Preliminary Report on Excavations at Byneskranskop, Bredasdorp District, Cape". The South African Archaeological Bulletin. 33 (128): 134. doi:10.2307/3888150. JSTOR 3888150.
- Julien Louys,, ed. (2012). Paleontology in ecology and conservation. Berlin: Springer. p. 245. ISBN 9783642250385.
- Klein, Richard G.; Cruz-Uribe, Kathryn (June 1983). "Stone Age Population Numbers and Average Tortoise Size at Byneskranskop Cave 1 and Die Kelders Cave 1, Southern Cape Province, South Africa". The South African Archaeological Bulletin. 38 (137): 26. doi:10.2307/3888212.
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