|An individual of the form compressa|
|Bythinella reyniesii Holotype MHNT|
Bythinella compressa (Frauenfeld, 1857)
These snails live in springs. They were long believed to occur only in Andorra, Austria, and parts of France. This disjunct distribution was puzzling, until it was realized that the populations assigned to several other supposedly distinct species actually seem to all belong to one species. In fact, Bythinella reyniesii is probably widespread from western Germany and nearby Belgium through central and eastern France to Andorra.
Description and genetics
These are small snails, with a nearly cylindrical shell measuring just over 2 mm in length. There is little morphological and almost no genetic variation between the supposed "species". Thus, even though the proposed synonymy resulted from mtDNA COI and nDNA ITS1 sequence data analyses applied to the phylogenetic species concept (which does not recognize subspecies), as opposed to the morphologically diverse Bythinella bicarinata it might not even be warranted to accept the formerly distinct taxa as subspecies.
The northeastern specimens formerly separated in Bythinella compressa were classified as Vulnerable (B1+2c), as they were known from less than ten freshwater springs which are affected by pollution. Bythinella reyniesii, in the traditional sense was classified as a Species of Least Concern (meaning it is not considered globally threatened), and this assessment applies to the species in the expanded sense also.
- Prié, V. (2011). "Bythinella reyniesii". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2011: e.T3387A9815996. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-1.RLTS.T3387A9815996.en. Retrieved 9 November 2017.
- Bichain J.-M.. Gaubert P., Samadi S. & Boisselier-Dubayle M.-C. (2007). "A gleam in the dark: Phylogenetic species delimitation in the confusing spring-snail genus Bythinella Moquin-Tandon, 1856 (Gastropoda: Rissooidea: Amnicolidae)". Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 45(3): 927–941. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2007.07.018, PDF.
- Mollusc Specialist Group (1996). "Bythinella compressa". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 6 August 2007.
- Bouchet P. (1996). "Bythinella reyniesii". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 6 August 2007.