Byzantine Catholic Church of Croatia and Serbia
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
|Part of a series on|
|Eastern Catholic particular churches sui iuris
of the Catholic Church
|Listed by liturgical rite:|
|Antiochian or West Syrian|
|East Syrian Rite|
The Byzantine Catholic Church of Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Serbia is an Eastern Catholic Church sui iuris of the Byzantine Rite which is in full union with the Roman Catholic Church. It consists of the Eparchy of Križevci and the Apostolic Exarchate of Serbia. The Eparchy of Križevci has been headed by Bishop Nikola Kekić since his appointment in 2009 and the Apostolic Exarchate of Serbia has been headed by Bishop Đura Džudžar since his appointment in 2003.
Until 2001, the Byzantine Catholic Eparchy of Križevci had full jurisdiction over all Eastern Catholics of the Byzantine Rite throughout the entire territory of former Yugoslavia, including all of its successor states: Croatia, Slovenia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro and Macedonia. During that time, it mostly gathered its faithful among the Croats in central and eastern Croatia, among the Rusyns or Ukrainians in eastern Croatia, northern Bosnia and northern Serbia and among Macedonians in Macedonia.
After the formation of independent successor states from what had been Yugoslavia, the process of administrative reorganization was initiated. In 2001, a separate Byzantine Catholic Apostolic Exarchate of Macedonia was formed for Eastern Catholics of the Byzantine Rite in Macedonia. It was fully separated from Eparchy of Križevci and proclaimed as directly subjected only to the Holy See.
In 2003, a new Apostolic Exarchate was created for Eastern Catholics of the Byzantine Rite in Serbia and Montenegro, the Apostolic Exarchate of Serbia and Montenegro. Its first exarch Đura Džudžar (Ђура Џуџар) was appointed in 2003, with residence in Ruski Krstur. This exarchate remained in association with the Eparchy of Križevci.
In 2013, all Roman Catholics of Byzantine Rite in Montenegro were entrusted to the local Latin Bishops, so the jurisdiction of Apostolic Exarchate of Serbia and Montenegro was reduced to Serbia only.
Liturgy and Extension
The Eparchy of Križevci reported for the year 2010 a total of 21,509 faithful (in Croatia, Slovenia, and Bosnia-Herzegovina). At that time, the Apostolic Exarchate for Serbia and Montenegro reported 22,369 faithful.
- Byzantine Catholic Eparchy of Križevci
- Byzantine Catholic Apostolic Exarchate of Serbia
- Byzantine Catholic Church in Montenegro
- Roman Catholicism in Croatia
- Roman Catholicism in Serbia
- Eastern Catholic Churches
- Eparchy of Križevci (Croatian)
- Apostolic Exarchate of Macedonia (2001-) on Catholic Hierarchy
- Apostolic Exarchate of Serbia and Montenegro (2003-2013) on Catholic Hierarchy
- Apostolic Exarchate of Serbia (2013-) on Catholic Hierarchy
- Article on Greek Catholics in Former Yugoslavia by Ronald Roberson on the CNEWA web site