Cà Mau

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Cà Mau

Thành phố Cà Mau
Cà Mau City
Cà Mau seen from the air
Cà Mau seen from the air
Cà Mau is located in Vietnam
Cà Mau
Cà Mau
Location of in Vietnam
Coordinates: 9°11′N 105°9′E / 9.183°N 105.150°E / 9.183; 105.150
Country Vietnam
ProvinceCà Mau
Area
 • Land250.3 km2 (96.6 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)
 • Total315,270
 • Density1,112.2/km2 (2,881/sq mi)
 [1]
Time zoneUTC+7 (Indochina Time)
ClimateAm
WebsiteTỉnh Cà Mau

Cà Mau (About this soundlisten) is a city in southern Vietnam. It is the capital of Cà Mau Province, a province in the Mekong Delta region, in the southernmost part of Vietnam's inland territory. The city is characterized by its system of transport canals and most goods are transported here by boats and barges.

The population is approximately 204,895 (as of 2010).[1] Cà Mau is accessible by road (360 km south-west of Ho Chi Minh City) via National Route 1A or by air (Cà Mau Airport). The city is administratively subdivided into 8 urban phường and 7 rural .[2]

Economy[edit]

Cà Mau is Vietnam's biggest exporter of shrimp and prawns. In 2005, Cà Mau province alone exported about $500 million of shrimp and prawns. A large petroleum project under construction, the Cà Mau Gas-Power-Fertilizer Complex, is valued at $1.4 billion. It includes:

  • 2 thermal power plants with a total capacity of 1500 MW (equipment provided by the German company Siemens)
  • A fertilizer plant with production capacity at 800,000 metric tonnes of urea/year, and
  • A gas pipeline 18 inches in diameter to extend 298 km offshore and with 27 km onshore piping in gas from the PM3 gas field shared with Malaysia. Two billion cubic meters of gas are piped to feed these plants per year.

The project opened in December 2008.[3]

Tourism[edit]

Turtle meat is a common cuisine of Cà Mau

Cà Mau has several attractions that draw domestic and international tourists. These include several wild bird parks, the southernmost point in Vietnam (called Mũi Cà Mau), and a number of pagodas. Near Cà Mau is the U Minh area with its famous mangrove forest and swamp cuisine: fish hot pots, Vietnamese, Chinese, and Khmer cuisines. Cà Mau also has several 1- to 3-star hotel restaurants.

History[edit]

During the 1st millennium, the region of the present Cà Mau province was part of the Kingdom of Funan (Vietnamese: Phù Nam), which included Laos, Cambodia, parts of eastern Thailand, and southern Vietnam (Vietnamese: Nam Bộ). This region was later conquered by the kingdom of Chenla (Vietnamese: Chân Lạp) and the Khmer Empire. In 1757, the land belonging to Cà Mau province (Khmer: ទឹកខ្មៅ, "the black land") was ceded by the Khmer king to the Nguyễn lord of Đàng Trong (central Vietnam) with an early settlement of Vietnamese people. During French rule, Cà Mau was only a small town. During the Republic of Vietnam, the area nearby Cà Mau was a stronghold (Vietnamese: Chiến khu cách mạng) for the Việt Cộng, a Hanoi-backed guerrilla group fighting the United States Army and the South Vietnamese government during the Vietnam War. After 1975, Cà Mau was made the administrative seat and the governmental center of Minh Hải Province, which included Cà Mau and Bạc Liêu Province. In 1995, Cà Mau province broke off from Minh Hải Province with Cà Mau as its capital. In 1999, the prime minister by a decree recognized Cà Mau as a city (Vietnamese: Thị xã) – Cà Mau city (3rd class urban area as per Vietnamese law).[2] In 2010, the Prime Minister further upgraded Cà Mau to a 2nd class urban area.[4]

Transportation[edit]

Cà Mau is served by Cà Mau Airport.

Demographics[edit]

The majority of its residents is ethnic Vietnamese, in addition to 300 Khmer Krom households and 400 Hoa households.

Climate[edit]

Cà Mau has a tropical monsoon climate with a lengthy wet season and a relatively brief dry season. The wet season lasts from April–December with the highest rainfall in August with 366 millimeters. The dry season lasts from January–March, the driest month being February with an average of 12 millimeters. Temperatures are high year round, but rise noticeably before the arrival of the monsoons in April.

Climate data for Cà Mau
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 35.2
(95.4)
36.2
(97.2)
36.8
(98.2)
38.3
(100.9)
38.2
(100.8)
35.9
(96.6)
34.7
(94.5)
34.2
(93.6)
34.4
(93.9)
33.9
(93.0)
33.6
(92.5)
33.1
(91.6)
38.3
(100.9)
Average high °C (°F) 30.6
(87.1)
31.4
(88.5)
32.9
(91.2)
34.0
(93.2)
33.2
(91.8)
31.8
(89.2)
31.4
(88.5)
31.1
(88.0)
31.0
(87.8)
30.8
(87.4)
30.5
(86.9)
29.8
(85.6)
31.5
(88.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.3
(77.5)
25.9
(78.6)
27.1
(80.8)
28.1
(82.6)
28.0
(82.4)
27.4
(81.3)
27.3
(81.1)
27.1
(80.8)
27.0
(80.6)
26.8
(80.2)
26.5
(79.7)
25.6
(78.1)
26.8
(80.2)
Average low °C (°F) 22.5
(72.5)
22.6
(72.7)
23.5
(74.3)
24.5
(76.1)
25.2
(77.4)
24.9
(76.8)
24.7
(76.5)
24.6
(76.3)
24.7
(76.5)
24.6
(76.3)
24.2
(75.6)
23.0
(73.4)
24.1
(75.4)
Record low °C (°F) 15.3
(59.5)
16.9
(62.4)
18.1
(64.6)
19.0
(66.2)
21.9
(71.4)
21.1
(70.0)
21.2
(70.2)
21.3
(70.3)
21.7
(71.1)
21.4
(70.5)
19.7
(67.5)
16.8
(62.2)
15.3
(59.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 18
(0.7)
12
(0.5)
33
(1.3)
111
(4.4)
262
(10.3)
343
(13.5)
331
(13.0)
366
(14.4)
344
(13.5)
357
(14.1)
189
(7.4)
62
(2.4)
2,427
(95.6)
Average precipitation days 3.5 1.6 3.3 8.3 17.8 21.7 22.2 22.6 22.8 23.1 16.0 9.0 171.9
Average relative humidity (%) 80.9 79.7 78.4 79.1 84.3 86.6 86.7 87.4 87.7 88.2 86.2 82.8 84.0
Mean monthly sunshine hours 241 240 267 233 177 145 160 149 146 153 183 206 2,300
Source: Vietnam Institute for Building Science and Technology[5]

People from Ca Mau[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Nghị quyết số 24/NQ-CP ngày 04 tháng 6 năm 2009 của Chính phủ Việt Nam.
  2. ^ a b "Thành phố Cà Mau". Ủy ban Nhân dân Thành phố Cà Mau (Cà Mau City People's Committee). Archived from the original on 14 October 2008.
  3. ^ VietNamNet Bridge Archived 20 July 2006 at the Wayback Machine. English.vietnamnet.vn. Retrieved on 15 November 2011.
  4. ^ Life Archived 3 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine. Nhan Dan. Retrieved on 15 November 2011.
  5. ^ "Vietnam Building Code Natural Physical & Climatic Data for Construction" (PDF) (in Vietnamese). Vietnam Institute for Building Science and Technology. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 July 2018. Retrieved 23 July 2018.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 9°11′N 105°09′E / 9.183°N 105.150°E / 9.183; 105.150