Cádiz (Spanish Congress electoral district)

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Cádiz
Congress of Deputies
Electoral Constituency
SpanishCongressDistricts(Cádiz).png
Location of Cádiz within Spain
Province Cádiz
Autonomous community Andalusia
Population 1,240,284 (2016)
Electorate 993,689 (2016)
Major settlements Jerez de la Frontera, Cádiz, Algeciras, San Fernando, El Puerto de Santa María
Current constituency
Created 1977
Seats 8 (1977–1986)
9 (1986–2011)
8 (2011–2015)
9 (2015–)
Member(s)

Cádiz is one of the 52 constituencies (Spanish: circunscripciones) represented in the Congress of Deputies—the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales—. The constituency elects eight deputies. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3%.

Overview[edit]

The constituency was created as per the Political Reform Act 1977 and was first contested in the 1977 general election. The Act provided for the provinces of Spain to be established as multi-member districts for the Congress of Deputies,[1] with this regulation being maintained under Article 68.2 of the Spanish Constitution of 1978. Additionally, Article 141.1 of the Constitution would require for any modification of the provincial limits to be approved under an organic law, needing an absolute majority in the Cortes Generales.[2]

The Spanish electoral system is regulated under the General Electoral System Organic Law 5/1985. Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage, with all nationals over eighteen and in the full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote—the only exception being in 1977, when this was limited to nationals over twenty-one and in the full enjoyment of all political and civil rights—. A 2011 amendment to the electoral law required for Spaniards abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "requested" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado). Provinces are entitled to an initial minimum of two seats, with additional seats awarded in proportion to population. The number of seats allocated to Cádiz is currently set at nine. Deputies are elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3% of valid votes—which includes blank ballots—being applied. Parties not reaching the threshold are not taken into consideration for seat distribution.[2][3][4]

Registered parties and federations of parties are allowed to field candidates, as well as party alliances formed within 10 days from the Cortes' dissolution. Additionally, groups of electors—a legal figure in Spain referring to temporary associations of citizens grouped for the sole purpose of contesting a particular election—are required to obtain the signatures of at least 1% of registered voters in the district in order to be able to field candidates. Since 2011, parties, federations of parties and coalitions left out from the Congress in the previous election are also required to obtain the signatures of at least 0.1% of registered voters in the districts they intend to contest. No party, federation, coalition or group of electors may field more than one list of candidates per district for the same election, and member parties of a contesting federation or alliance are barred from fielding their own lists. From 2002—and in compliance with the Political Parties Organic Law 6/2002—fielded candidates are also forbidden from continuing or succeeding the activities of judicially illegalized, dissolved, or suspended political parties.[3]

Deputies[edit]

Deputies for Cádiz 1977–
Legislature Election Distribution
Constituent 1977
1 1 4 2
1st 1979
1 2 3 2
2nd 1982
6 2
3rd 1986
7 2
4th 1989
1 1 6 1
5th 1993
1 5 3
6th 1996
1 4 4
7th 2000
1 4 4
8th 2004
6 3
9th 2008
5 4
10th 2011
3 5
11th 2015
2 3 1 3
12th 2016
2 3 1 3

Elections[edit]

2016 general election[edit]

CádizMunicipalMapCongress2016.png
Summary of the 26 June 2016 Congress of Deputies election results in Cádiz
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 198,876 32.30 +4.56 3 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 175,498 28.50 +0.52 3 ±0
United We Can for Andalusia (PodemosIUeQuo)1 130,643 21.22 –5.01 2 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 88,029 14.30 –0.39 1 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 9,719 1.58 +0.41 0 ±0
Blank ballots 6,938 1.13 +0.08
Total 615,755 100.00 9 ±0
Valid votes 615,755 98.96 –0.14
Invalid votes 6,497 1.04 +0.14
Votes cast / turnout 622,252 62.62 –3.04
Abstentions 371,437 37.38 +3.04
Registered voters 993,689
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2015 general election[edit]

CádizMunicipalMapCongress2015.png
Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Cádiz
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 180,895 27.98 –4.79 3 ±0
People's Party (PP) 179,319 27.74 –19.32 3 –2
We Can (Podemos) 130,734 20.22 New 2 +2
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 94,962 14.69 New 1 +1
United Left/Greens–Assembly for AndalusiaPopular Unity (IULV–CA–UPeC) 38,881 6.01 –2.74 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 7,591 1.17 +0.71 0 ±0
Blank ballots 6,781 1.05 –0.32
Total 646,537 100.00 9 +1
Valid votes 646,537 99.10 –0.01
Invalid votes 5,863 0.90 +0.01
Votes cast / turnout 652,400 65.66 +1.87
Abstentions 341,218 34.34 –1.87
Registered voters 993,618
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2011 general election[edit]

CádizMunicipalMapCongress2011.png
Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Cádiz
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 291,897 47.06 +8.85 5 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 203,251 32.77 –18.34 3 –2
United Left/The Greens–Assembly for Andalusia: Plural Left (IULV–CA) 54,262 8.75 +3.94 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 29,761 4.80 +3.93 0 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA)1 19,289 3.11 +0.61 0 ±0
Blank ballots 8,511 1.37 +0.34
Total 620,252 100.00 8 –1
Valid votes 620,252 99.11 –0.25
Invalid votes 5,539 0.89 +0.25
Votes cast / turnout 625,791 63.79 –3.65
Abstentions 355,270 36.21 +3.65
Registered voters 981,061
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2008 general election[edit]

CádizMunicipalMapCongress2008.png
Summary of the 9 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Cádiz
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 328,822 51.11 +0.44 5 –1
People's Party (PP) 245,830 38.21 +4.59 4 +1
United Left/The Greens–Assembly for Andalusia–Alternative (IULV–CA) 30,958 4.81 –1.19 0 ±0
Andalusian Coalition (CA)1 16,058 2.50 –4.27 0 ±0
Blank ballots 6,639 1.03 –0.78
Total 643,308 100.00 9 ±0
Valid votes 643,308 99.36 +0.07
Invalid votes 4,140 0.64 –0.07
Votes cast / turnout 647,448 67.44 –2.47
Abstentions 312,585 32.56 +2.47
Registered voters 960,033
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2004 general election[edit]

CádizMunicipalMapCongress2004.png
Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Cádiz
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 326,152 50.67 +11.27 6 +2
People's Party (PP) 216,416 33.62 –7.56 3 –1
United Left/The Greens–Assembly for Andalusia (IULV–CA) 38,611 6.00 –0.66 0 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA) 33,592 5.22 –4.64 0 –1
Socialist Party of Andalusia (PSA) 9,975 1.55 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 11,634 1.81 +0.60
Total 643,639 100.00 9 ±0
Valid votes 643,639 99.29 +0.12
Invalid votes 4,577 0.71 –0.12
Votes cast / turnout 648,216 69.91 +6.82
Abstentions 278,961 30.09 –6.82
Registered voters 927,177
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2000 general election[edit]

CádizMunicipalMapCongress2000.png
Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in Cádiz
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 228,024 41.18 +5.81 4 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' PartyProgressives (PSOE–p) 218,133 39.40 –4.49 4 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA) 54,570 9.86 +3.79 1 +1
United Left/The Greens–Assembly for Andalusia (IULV–CA) 36,851 6.66 –6.51 0 –1
Blank ballots 6,692 1.21 +0.38
Total 553,667 100.00 9 ±0
Valid votes 553,667 99.17 –0.02
Invalid votes 4,653 0.83 +0.02
Votes cast / turnout 558,320 63.09 –10.19
Abstentions 326,674 36.91 +10.19
Registered voters 884,994
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1996 general election[edit]

CádizMunicipalMapCongress1996.png
Summary of the 3 March 1996 Congress of Deputies election results in Cádiz
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party of Andalusia (PSOE–A) 270,237 43.89 –6.08 4 –1
People's Party (PP) 217,795 35.37 +7.64 4 +1
United Left/The Greens–Assembly for Andalusia (IULV–CA) 81,116 13.17 +2.20 1 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA)1 37,356 6.07 –1.59 0 ±0
Blank ballots 5,126 0.83 +0.29
Total 615,757 100.00 9 ±0
Valid votes 615,757 99.19 –0.21
Invalid votes 5,005 0.81 +0.21
Votes cast / turnout 620,762 73.28 +2.50
Abstentions 226,362 26.72 –2.50
Registered voters 847,124
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1993 general election[edit]

CádizMunicipalMapCongress1993.png
Summary of the 6 June 1993 Congress of Deputies election results in Cádiz
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party of Andalusia (PSOE–A) 280,715 49.97 –1.91 5 –1
People's Party (PP) 155,785 27.73 +11.39 3 +2
United Left–Assembly for Andalusia (IU–CA) 61,604 10.97 +1.41 1 ±0
Andalusian Progress Party (PAP) 27,225 4.85 New 0 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA) 15,786 2.81 –8.52 0 –1
Blank ballots 3,054 0.54 +0.01
Total 561,799 100.00 9 ±0
Valid votes 561,799 99.40 +0.22
Invalid votes 3,415 0.60 –0.22
Votes cast / turnout 565,214 70.78 +7.63
Abstentions 233,308 29.22 –7.63
Registered voters 798,522
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1989 general election[edit]

CádizMunicipalMapCongress1989.png
Summary of the 29 October 1989 Congress of Deputies election results in Cádiz
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party of Andalusia (PSOE–A) 243,410 51.88 –8.84 6 –1
People's Party (PP)1 76,688 16.34 –3.46 1 –1
Andalusian Party (PA) 53,173 11.33 +7.15 1 +1
United Left–Assembly for Andalusia (IU–CA) 44,871 9.56 +3.72 1 +1
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 19,905 4.24 –1.30 0 ±0
Ruiz-Mateos Group (Ruiz-Mateos) 16,225 3.46 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,464 0.53 +0.02
Total 469,188 100.00 9 ±0
Valid votes 469,188 99.18 +0.91
Invalid votes 3,896 0.82 –0.91
Votes cast / turnout 473,084 63.15 –3.19
Abstentions 276,097 36.85 +3.19
Registered voters 749,181
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1986 general election[edit]

CádizMunicipalMapCongress1986.png
Summary of the 22 June 1986 Congress of Deputies election results in Cádiz
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 286,104 60.72 –2.95 7 +1
People's Coalition (APPDPPL)1 93,284 19.80 –0.28 2 ±0
United Left (IU)2 27,527 5.84 +1.56 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 26,080 5.54 +3.79 0 ±0
Andalusian Party (PA) 19,682 4.18 +0.74 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,416 0.51 +0.22
Total 471,174 100.00 9 +1
Valid votes 471,174 98.27 –0.13
Invalid votes 8,290 1.73 +0.13
Votes cast / turnout 479,464 66.34 –9.33
Abstentions 243,282 33.66 +9.33
Registered voters 722,746
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1982 general election[edit]

CádizMunicipalMapCongress1982.png
Summary of the 28 October 1982 Congress of Deputies election results in Cádiz
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party of Andalusia (PSA–PSOE) 308,571 63.67 +33.55 6 +3
People's Alliance–People's Democratic Party (APPDP)1 97,314 20.08 +16.83 2 +2
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 22,728 4.69 –24.73 0 –2
Communist Party of Andalusia (PCA–PCE) 20,749 4.28 –6.31 0 –1
Socialist Party of Andalusia–Andalusian Party (PSA–PA) 16,654 3.44 –16.27 0 –2
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 8,473 1.75 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,421 0.29 +0.06
Total 484,629 100.00 8 ±0
Valid votes 484,629 98.40 +0.31
Invalid votes 7,880 1.60 –0.31
Votes cast / turnout 492,509 75.67 +10.11
Abstentions 158,397 24.33 –10.11
Registered voters 650,906
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1979 general election[edit]

CádizMunicipalMapCongress1979.png
Summary of the 1 March 1979 Congress of Deputies election results in Cádiz
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)1 124,693 30.12 –16.12 3 –2
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 121,800 29.42 +2.10 2 ±0
Socialist Party of Andalusia–Andalusian Party (PSA–PA) 81,598 19.71 New 2 +2
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 43,824 10.59 +0.48 1 ±0
Democratic Coalition (CD)2 13,465 3.25 –1.69 0 ±0
Party of Labour of Spain (PTE)3 13,254 3.20 +0.59 0 ±0
National Union (UN)4 4,538 1.10 +0.62 0 ±0
Blank ballots 972 0.23 –0.11
Total 413,958 100.00 8 ±0
Valid votes 413,958 98.09 –0.01
Invalid votes 8,053 1.91 +0.01
Votes cast / turnout 422,011 65.56 –9.73
Abstentions 221,720 34.44 +9.73
Registered voters 643,731
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1977 general election[edit]

CádizMunicipalMapCongress1977.png
Summary of the 15 June 1977 Congress of Deputies election results in Cádiz
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 150,896 36.51 4
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 112,927 27.32 2
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 41,809 10.11 1
People's Socialist PartySocialist Unity (PSP–US) 40,232 9.73 1
People's Alliance (AP) 20,424 4.94 0
Andalusian Regional Unity (URA) 13,396 3.24 0
Democratic Left Front (FDI) 10,808 2.61 0
Independent Candidacy (INDEP) 6,472 1.57 0
Federation of Christian Democracy (FPDID) 5,216 1.26 0
Blank ballots 1,387 0.34
Total 413,337 100.00 8
Valid votes 413,337 98.10
Invalid votes 7,993 1.90
Votes cast / turnout 421,330 75.29
Abstentions 138,260 24.71
Registered voters 559,590
Source: Ministry of the Interior

References[edit]

  1. ^ Political Reform Act of 1977, Law No. 1 of January 4, 1977 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b Spanish Constitution of 1978, December 29, 1978 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  3. ^ a b General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of June 19, 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 28 December 2016.
  4. ^ "Congress Functions". congreso.es. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 

Coordinates: 36°30′N 5°45′W / 36.500°N 5.750°W / 36.500; -5.750