Cámara Base under a blizzard, austral summer of 2008
|Province||Tierra del Fuego, Antarctica, and South Atlantic Islands Province|
|Region||McFarlane Strait, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands|
|Location||Xenia Hill, Half Moon Island|
|Established||April 1, 1953(1952–53 austral summer season)|
|Named for||Naval aviator Lieutenant Juan R. Cámara|
|• Body||Argentine National Antarctic Directorate|
|Elevation||22 m (72 ft)|
|Time zone||ART (UTC-3)|
|Status||Active and operational summer-only|
Cámara Base (Spanish: Base Cámara) or sometimes Estación Cámara) is an Argentine Antarctic base and scientific research station named after naval aviator Lieutenant Juan R. Cámara. It is located on Xenia Hill, Half Moon Island in McFarlane Strait, off the east coast of Livingston Island in the South Shetland Islands.
During the austral summer campaign of 1952–1953 one of the main missions of the Argentine Antarctic Task Force, then commanded by Captain Rodolfo N. Panzarini, was to establish a new naval detachment in the South Shetland Islands.
The selected place was the small Half Moon Island next to Livingston Island, where it was inaugurated as Luna Naval Detachment on 1 April 1953 by the governor of Tierra del Fuego National Territory, Admiral Carlos Suárez Dóriga.
Cámara Base was closed after the austral summer season of 1959–60 and was reopened in December 1988, thereafter limited to summer-only campaigns.
Facilities at the base include the main headquarters; emergency house; warehouse and deposits; and freezing chamber.
Besides the permanent surface meteorological observations carried out at Cámara by the Argentine National Meteorological Service personnel, other research divisions also do extensive work at the base: in 1987–94 experts brought in by the Argentine Antarctic Institute studied physical oceanography and geochronology; between 1992 and 1996 Biology worked on birds, while Environmental Management analyzed the impact of local tourism.
The average annual temperature is −2.9 °C (26.8 °F). On 12 August 1954 it was recorded an absolute minimum of −30 °C (−22 °F).
- Operated by Argentine Antarctic Institute
- L.L. Ivanov et al. (2005), Antarctica: Livingston Island and Greenwich Island, South Shetland Islands. Scale 1:100000 topographic map., Sofia: Antarctic Place-names Commission of Bulgaria
- L.L. Ivanov (2009), Antarctica: Livingston Island and Greenwich, Robert, Snow and Smith Islands. Scale 1:120000 topographic map, Troyan: Manfred Wörner Foundation, ISBN 978-954-92032-6-4
- Antarctic Digital Database (ADD). Scale 1:250000 topographic map, Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR), 1993–2012
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