Câmpulung Moldovenesc

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Câmpulung Moldovenesc
View of the city from Obcina Feredeului
View of the city from Obcina Feredeului
Coat of arms of Câmpulung Moldovenesc
Coat of arms
Location in Suceava County
Location in Suceava County
Câmpulung Moldovenesc is located in Romania
Câmpulung Moldovenesc
Câmpulung Moldovenesc
Location in Romania
Coordinates: 47°31′51″N 25°33′5″E / 47.53083°N 25.55139°E / 47.53083; 25.55139Coordinates: 47°31′51″N 25°33′5″E / 47.53083°N 25.55139°E / 47.53083; 25.55139
Country Romania
CountySuceava
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2024) Mihăiță Negură[1] (PNL)
Area
147.00 km2 (56.76 sq mi)
Population
 (2011)[2]
16,722
 • Density110/km2 (290/sq mi)
Time zoneEET/EEST (UTC+2/+3)
Vehicle reg.SV
Websitewww.campulungmoldovenesc.ro

Câmpulung Moldovenesc (Romanian pronunciation: [kɨmpuˌluŋɡ moldoveˈnesk]; formerly spelled Cîmpulung Moldovenesc) is a city in Suceava County, north-eastern Romania. It is situated in the historical region of Bukovina.

Câmpulung Moldovenesc is the fourth largest urban settlement in the county, with a population of 16,105 inhabitants, according to the 2011 census. It was declared a municipality in 1995, along with two other cities in Suceava County: Fălticeni and Rădăuți. Câmpulung Moldovenesc covers an area of 147 km2 and it was the capital of former Câmpulung County (until 1950).

Other names[edit]

The city is also known as Hosszúmező in Hungarian, Kimpulung Moldovanesk (Кимпулунг Молдованеск) in Ukrainian, and Dovhopillja in Serbian.

Administration and local politics[edit]

Town council[edit]

The town's current local council has the following political composition, according to the results of the 2020 Romanian local elections:[3]

    Party Seats Current Council
  National Liberal Party (PNL) 10                    
  Save Romania Union (USR) 2                    
  Alliance of Liberals and Democrats (ALDE) 2                    
  Social Democratic Party (PSD) 2                    
  People's Movement Party (PMP) 2                    
  PRO Romania (PRO) 1                    

Geography[edit]

Câmpulung Moldovenesc is situated in the region of Bukovina, in north-eastern Romania. The city is located in the mountain area of Obcinele Bucovinei, on the banks of the Moldova River.

Câmpulung Moldovenesc is accessible by both car and train. The European route E58, that links the region of Moldavia with Transylvania, crosses the city. There are two railway stations located in the city: Câmpulung Moldovenesc in the city center and Câmpulung Est in Capu Satului neighborhood.

There are many places of interest located in and around Câmpulung Moldovenesc, such as Rarău and Giumalău, which at 1650 meters and 1857 meters are the highest peaks in the region. One can also enjoy the forests which surround Câmpulung Moldovenesc or visit a monastery in one of the nearby villages.

History[edit]

Dragoș Vodă High School in Câmpulung Moldovenesc in 1915.

The first written mention of the village of Câmpulung Moldovenesc dates back to April 14, 1411. At that time the ruling prince of Moldavia was Alexandru cel Bun. Dimitrie Cantemir, in his well-known work Descriptio Moldaviae, mentions Ocolul Câmpulung, an autonomous region in northern Moldavia that has its own rules and leaders. This region consisted of 15 villages.

Together with the rest of Bukovina, Câmpulung Moldovenesc was under the rule of the Habsburg Monarchy (later Austria-Hungary) from 1775 to 1918. Câmpulung was in the Austrian part of the empire after the compromise of 1867, head of the district with the same name, one of the 9 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Bukovina province.[4] Other main district cities were Dorna Watra (Vatra Dornei) and Wama (Vama) in 1900.[5]

Later, between 1925 and 1950, Câmpulung Moldovenesc was the capital of the former Câmpulung County, the most extensive county in Bukovina. The spa and ski resort Vatra Dornei was the second most important town in Câmpulung County.

Culture[edit]

Câmpulung Moldovenesc has the Wooden Spoons Museum, a museum that displays the wooden spoons collection of the deceased history professor Ion Țugui.[6]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1910 8,784—    
1930 10,071+14.7%
1948 11,041+9.6%
1956 13,627+23.4%
1966 15,031+10.3%
1977 18,648+24.1%
1992 22,143+18.7%
2002 20,041−9.5%
2011 16,105−19.6%
2016 20,139+25.0%
Source: Austrian and Romanian census data and/or official estimates

Câmpulung Moldovenesc reached its peak population in 1992, when more than 22,000 people were living within the city limits. As of 2016, the town of Câmpulung Moldovenesc is the fourth largest urban settlement in Suceava County, after the county capital, Suceava, and the larger towns of Rădăuți and Fălticeni.[7]

At the 2011 census, Câmpulung Moldovenesc had a population of 16,105 inhabitants: 99.08% of inhabitants were ethnic Romanians, 0.25% Germans (Bukovina Germans), 0.22% Roma, 0.17% Ukrainians, and 0.09% Hungarians.

Economy[edit]

The main industries in Câmpulung Moldovenesc are dairy products, lumber, and ecotourism. Part of the city inhabitants works in agriculture and bovine growth.

"Câmpulung" means "Long Field" in Romanian. Moldovenesc ("Moldavian") is used to differentiate between this city and Câmpulung Muscel (Argeș County, Wallachia).

Natives[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Results of the 2020 local elections". Central Electoral Bureau. Retrieved 9 June 2021.
  2. ^ "Populaţia stabilă pe judeţe, municipii, oraşe şi localităti componenete la RPL_2011" (in Romanian). National Institute of Statistics. Retrieved 4 February 2014.
  3. ^ "Rezultatele finale ale alegerilor locale din 2020" (Json) (in Romanian). Autoritatea Electorală Permanentă. Retrieved 2020-11-02.
  4. ^ Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890. Wilhelm Klein, 1967.
  5. ^ Bukowina 3 district, rarity Points less than 10. Wilhelm Klein, 1967.
  6. ^ "Muzeul Lingurilor "Ion Țugui": Obiective turistice Suceava". Deștepți.ro (in Romanian). 1 November 2018.
  7. ^ "Populaţia României pe localitati la 1 ianuarie 2016" (in Romanian). INSSE. 6 June 2016. Archived from the original on 2017-10-27. Retrieved 27 October 2017.

External links[edit]