Celine (brand)

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Celine
Subsidiary of public company
Industry Fashion
Founded 1945; 73 years ago (1945)
Founder Céline Vipiana
Headquarters 16 rue Vivienne, 75002, Paris, Paris, France
Key people
Hedi Slimane
(Artistic Creative and Image Director)
Owner LVMH
Website www.celine.com

CELINE is a French ready-to-wear and leather luxury goods brand that has been owned by LVMH group since 1996. It was founded in 1945 by Céline Vipiana. Since November 2015, the headquarters are located at 16 rue Vivienne in the 2nd arrondissement of Paris at the Hôtel Colbert de Torcy, which has French Historic Monument classification.[1] Séverine Merle is the Chief Executive Officer since April 2017.[2]

On January 21, 2018, LVMH announced that Hedi Slimane will take reins at Celine as its artistic, creative and image director.[3]

Creation of the brand[edit]

In 1945, Céline Vipiana (1915–1997)[4] and her husband, Richard, created one of the first luxury brands in the industry, Céline, a made-to-measure children's shoe business,[5] and opened a first boutique at 52 rue Malte in Paris.[6] The brand was recognised by its logo, the red elephant created by Raymont Peynet.[7]

A new positioning[edit]

In 1960, the brand decided to change its positioning by focusing its business on a ready-to-wear fashion brand for women with a sportswear approach.[8] Henceforth, the brand offered a range of leather goods such as bags, loafers, gloves and clothes.[9] Céline Vipiana remained the designer from 1945-1997.[10]

In 1964, the launch of the new fragrance "Vent fou"[11] and the new ‘American Sulky’ collection of accessories gained a lot of success. The trench became the iconic product of the house.[12] Prompted by the popularity of leather and dedicated to the quality of production, Céline opened a leather goods factory in Florence.[13]

In 1973, Céline redesigned its logo with the intertwined "C" Sulky canvas, linked to the Arc-de-Triomphe, which appeared as a symbol for Parisians.[14] At that time, Céline began its expansion in the world with the opening of various boutiques in Monte Carlo, Geneva, Hong Kong, Lausanne, Toronto and Beverly Hills.[15]

The brand’s founders wished to be part of a charitable association, so Richard Viapiana established the Céline-Pasteur Prize, a sponsor for the American Hospital of Paris in 1973.[16]

Acquisition by LVMH[edit]

In 1987, Bernard Arnault decided to buy into Céline’s capital.[17] However, it was only in 1996 that the brand was integrated into the LVMH group for 2.7 billion French francs ($540 million).[18] LVMH propelled the brand to fame with the opening of a boutique at 36 avenue Montaigne in Paris.[19]

Céline’s designers[edit]

American fashion designer Michael Kors was named the first ever women's ready-to-wear designer and creative director for Céline in 1997.[20] During his tenure at Céline, Kors brought modern femininity with a luxurious spirit.[21] In 2004, he left the fashion luxury house to focus his career on his own brand.

In 2005, Italian designer Roberto Menichetti was named creative director.

A year later, Croatian designer Ivana Omazic directed the design studio. Omazic was a former consultant for the brand and previously worked with Romeo Gigli, Prada, Jil Sander and Miu Miu. Omazic designed for Céline until 2008, after further disappointments for the brand.[22]

Phoebe Philo: a Decade as Creative Director[edit]

On September 4, 2008, the fashion portal Women's Wear Daily announced that Bernard Arnault, president of LVMH, had appointed Phoebe Philo as the new creative director of Céline.[23] Philo's tenure at Céline began in October 2008, and she presented her first ready-to-wear collection for Spring/Summer 2010 at Paris Fashion Week.[24] Pierre-Yves Roussel, chief executive officer of LVMH’s fashion division, said that recruiting Philo was giving her the opportunity to express her vision.[25] Philo brought a new touch to the brand creating functional clothes with a focus on materials and tailoring. In 2009, Vogue Magazine defined her style as the “cool minimal trend”.[26]

Philo studied at Central Saint Martins School of Art and Design in London.[27] Prior to Céline, Philo held the position of Design Director at Chloé.

In 2010, Philo received the Designer of the Year award from British Fashion Council. In 2011, she was awarded International Designer of the Year by the Council of Fashion Designers of America.[28] Both prizes were awarded for her work at Céline.

In December 2017, following increasing rumors in the press, Philo announced her departure from Céline after finishing the Fall 2018 collection, which is to presented in March of that same year. Thanking her team, Phoebe Philo stated “Working with Céline has been an exceptional experience for me these last 10 years. I am grateful to have worked with an incredibly talented and committed team and I would like to thank everyone along the way who has been part of the collaborations and conversations…it’s been amazing.”[29]

Hedi Slimane[edit]

On January 21, 2018, LVMH announced the appointment of Hedi Slimane as Artistic, Creative and Image Director, set to join the house on February 1. He is to direct all Céline collections, extending the brand's offering with the launch of men’s fashion, couture and fragrances.[30] In September 2018, Slimane presented an updated Celine logo on the brand's Instagram account.[31][32]

Retail[edit]

The brand owns almost 150 stores worldwide and is distributed through a selective network including department stores such as Barneys New York (New York), Bergdorf Goodman (New York), Harrods (London) and Galeries Lafayette (Paris).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Robert Murphy, The House That Céline Built March 25, 2015
  2. ^ "Céline Finds Next CEO; Plots Online Sales".
  3. ^ "Hedonism Slimane named Artistic, Creative and Image Director of Céline". lvmh.com. January 21, 2018. Retrieved January 21, 2018.
  4. ^ http://www.vogue.it/en/news/encyclo/designers/c/celine
  5. ^ Celine New York Magazine
  6. ^ Celine & Ivana Viplana, Omazic
  7. ^ vogue.com Céline
  8. ^ europa-exclusive.com Celine Archived 2014-08-11 at the Wayback Machine.
  9. ^ thinkfashion.com Celine Designer Profile
  10. ^ Céline New York Magazine
  11. ^ Vogue France, Céline
  12. ^ Celine & Ivana Viplana, Omazic
  13. ^ Céline
  14. ^ Celine & Ivana Viplana, Omazic
  15. ^ Céline
  16. ^ Vogue France, Céline
  17. ^ Céline
  18. ^ New York Times
  19. ^ Celine & Ivana Viplana, Omazic
  20. ^ Michael Kors Official biography Archived 2008-06-07 at the Wayback Machine.
  21. ^ Fall 2004 Ready-to-Wear Céline
  22. ^ Céline's Ivana Omazic takes final bow
  23. ^ Céline taps Phoebe Philo
  24. ^ Céline
  25. ^ Céline appoints Phoebe Philo as creative director
  26. ^ Featured designer: Celine
  27. ^ Designer: Céline
  28. ^ Phoebe Philo the mastermind behind the transformation of Céline
  29. ^ "Phoebe Philo to Leave Céline". WWD. December 22, 2017.
  30. ^ "Hedi Slimane Named Artistic, Creative and Image Director of Céline". BusinessWire. January 21, 2018.
  31. ^ Pithers, Ellie. "Céline Unveils A New Logo". Retrieved 2018-10-06.
  32. ^ "Fashion's branding crisis". Fast Company. 2018-09-06. Retrieved 2018-10-06.

External links[edit]