Céreste

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Céreste
Commune
The village of Céreste
The village of Céreste
Coat of arms of Céreste
Coat of arms
Céreste is located in France
Céreste
Céreste
Coordinates: 43°51′24″N 5°35′16″E / 43.8567°N 5.5878°E / 43.8567; 5.5878Coordinates: 43°51′24″N 5°35′16″E / 43.8567°N 5.5878°E / 43.8567; 5.5878
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Alpes-de-Haute-Provence
Arrondissement Forcalquier
Canton Reillanne
Intercommunality Haute Provence
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Gérard Baumel
Area1 32.54 km2 (12.56 sq mi)
Population (2008)2 1,208
 • Density 37/km2 (96/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 04045 /04280
Elevation 323–971 m (1,060–3,186 ft)
(avg. 370 m or 1,210 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Céreste (Occitan: Ceirèsta) is a commune in the Alpes-de-Haute-Provence department in southeastern France. It is known for its rich fossil beds in fine layers of "Calcaire de Campagne Calavon" limestone, which are now protected by the Parc naturel régional du Luberon and the Réserve naturelle géologique du Luberon.

Geography[edit]

The river Calavon forms the commune's northern and northwestern borders.

History[edit]

A Gallo-Roman period settlement was established in the quarter of today's Saint-Sauveur priory, possibly as a crossing control point for the river.[1] Surviving relics of the Roman period include a potters' oven, an ancient tomb and Sarcophagi at Saint-Sauveur.

The Priory of Carluc was founded in the eleventh century. Another priory, that of Saint-Sauveur-Au-Pont, belonged during the twelfth and thirteenth century to the Abbey of Saint Andrew at Villeneuve-lès-Avignon. The fiefdom was held initially by the Forcalquiers, and later by the Brancas family.

By the start of the eighteenth century, the Estieu brothers were running a pottery oven.[2]

During the revolution the commune had its own Patriotic Society, a variation on the Jacobin Club theme, created in this case soon after 1792.[3]

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1765 1,003 —    
1793 1,051 +4.8%
1800 972 −7.5%
1806 1,061 +9.2%
1821 1,082 +2.0%
1831 1,147 +6.0%
1836 1,183 +3.1%
1841 1,141 −3.6%
1846 1,153 +1.1%
1851 1,138 −1.3%
1856 1,198 +5.3%
1861 1,272 +6.2%
1866 1,306 +2.7%
1872 1,250 −4.3%
1876 1,152 −7.8%
1881 1,173 +1.8%
1886 1,124 −4.2%
1891 1,052 −6.4%
1896 1,045 −0.7%
1901 926 −11.4%
1906 884 −4.5%
1911 820 −7.2%
1921 770 −6.1%
1926 773 +0.4%
1931 708 −8.4%
1936 630 −11.0%
1946 630 +0.0%
1954 558 −11.4%
1962 632 +13.3%
1968 757 +19.8%
1975 832 +9.9%
1982 862 +3.6%
1990 950 +10.2%
1999 1,036 +9.1%
2008 1,208 +16.6%

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Raymond Collier, Haute-Provence, pp. 18 and 24-25. See also Gallia XXV, 1967, 2, p. 386.
  2. ^ Collier, p. 511.
  3. ^ Patrice Alphand, "Les Sociétés populaires", La Révolution dans les Basses-Alpes, Annales de Haute-Provence, bulletin de la société scientifique et littéraire des Alpes-de-Haute-Provence, no. 307, 1989, pp. 296-298