César Bengzon

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César Bengzon
9th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines
In office
April 28, 1961 – May 29, 1966
Appointed by Carlos P. Garcia
Preceded by Ricardo Paras
Succeeded by Roberto Concepcion
Personal details
Born (1896-05-29)May 29, 1896
Camiling, Tarlac, Captaincy General of the Philippines
Died September 3, 1992(1992-09-03) (aged 96)
Parents Vicente Bengzon & Paz Cabrera

César Fernando Bengzon (May 29, 1896 – September 3, 1992) was the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines from April 28, 1961 until May 29, 1966. In November 1966, a few months after his retirement, he became the first Filipino to be appointed to the International Court of Justice.

Judicial career[edit]

Bengzon earned his Bachelor of Arts degree from Ateneo de Manila in 1915. He graduated his Bachelor of Laws from the University of the Philippines in 1919, and placed second in the Bar Examinations that same year.

Starting out as a law clerk, he was promoted to Solicitor General in 1932 and Undersecretary of Justice under Governor-General (later U.S. Supreme Court Justice) Frank Murphy in 1933. He was later appointed in 1936 to the Court of Appeals, and became an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court in 1945. He left the Supreme Court in 1948 to become Secretary of Justice under President Elpidio Quirino, but was reinstated a few months later.


Legal offices
Preceded by
Ricardo Paras
Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines
Succeeded by
Roberto Concepción