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Architect César Pelli.
October 12, 1926 |
San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentina
|Nationality||Argentine - American|
|Awards||Doctor of Arts, CTBUH Skyscraper Award, The Lynn S. Beedle Lifetime Achievement Award|
|Practice||Pelli Clarke Pelli|
|Design||Metallic, art deco-influenced buildings|
César Pelli (born October 12, 1926), founder of Pelli Clarke Pelli, is an Argentine American architect known for designing some of the world's tallest buildings and other major urban landmarks. In 1991, the American Institute of Architects (AIA) listed Pelli among the ten most influential living American architects. His many awards include the 1995 AIA Gold Medal which recognizes a body of work of lasting influence on the theory and practice of architecture. Perhaps his most famous work are the Petronas Twin Towers, which were for a time the world's tallest buildings. He also designed the World Financial Center complex in downtown Manhattan.
After studying architecture at the Universidad Nacional de Tucumán, Pelli completed his studies at the School of Architecture at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. He started his career in the New Haven offices of architect Eero Saarinen.
He emigrated to the United States in 1952 and became a naturalized U.S. citizen in 1964. He married Diana Balmori, a landscape and urban designer. They have two children: Denis, a neurobiologist and Professor of Psychology and Neural Science at New York University and Rafael Pelli, also well-known architect.
Awards and honors
- In 2004, his famous work Petronas Towers of Kuala Lumpur received the Aga Khan Award.
- On May 15, 2004 the University of Minnesota Duluth awarded Pelli an honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters.
- On May 26, 2008, Yale University bestowed an honorary Doctor of Arts degree to Pelli for his work in architecture.
- He received the The Lynn S. Beedle Lifetime Achievement Award from the Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat in 2008 to honor his work in the field of tall buildings.
- In 2012, Konex Foundation from Argentina, granted him the Diamond Konex Award for Visual Arts as the most important artist in the last decade in his country.
- Project Designer, Eero Saarinen
- Director of Design at Daniel, Mann, Johnson & Mendenhall, Los Angeles, California
- Partner, Gruen Associates, Los Angeles, 1968–1976
- Cesar Pelli & Associates, 1977, currently known as Pelli, Clarke, Pelli, Architects
- 1982: "Skyscrapers," Perspecta 18, pp. 134–151.
- 1984: Introduction to The Second Generation by Esther McCoy (Peregrine Smith Books)
- 1999: Observations for Young Architects (Monacelli Press)
- 2002: Foreword to Ralph Rapson: Sketches and Drawings from Around the World by Ralph Rapson (Afton Historical Society Press)
- "University awards 3,117 degrees at Commencement". Yale Daily News. Archived from the original on 2008-07-27.
- "2008 Lynn S. Beedle Award Winner". Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved 17 May 2012.
- "Early Cesar Pelli Building Threatened with Demolition". Preservation Online (National Trust). June 21, 2005. Archived from the original on 2006-05-03.
- Benjamin Forgey. "COMSAT Alumni & Retirees Association". COMARA.org. Retrieved 2013-04-21.
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