Côte d'Or (chocolate)

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Côte d'Or
Cotedor.jpg
Product typeConfectionery
OwnerMondelēz International
CountryBelgium
Introduced1883; 135 years ago (1883)
MarketsWorldwide
Websitewww.cotedor.com

Côte d'Or is a producer of Belgian chocolate, owned by Mondelēz International. Côte d'Or was founded in 1883 by Charles Neuhaus,[1] a chocolate manufacturer who used the name Côte d'Or (pseudo—French for Gold Coast[2]) referring to the old name of contemporary Ghana, the source of many of the cacao beans used in chocolate manufacturing.

Côte d'Or was purchased by Jacobs Suchard in 1987; Jacobs Suchard in turn was purchased by Kraft General Foods in 1990, which forked off its chocolate and confectionery brands into Mondelez International in 2012, so that Mondelez is the current owner of the Côte d'Or brand.

Belgians consume 600 million Côte d'Or products a year.[3] The Côte d'Or factory in Halle (near Brussels) used to produce 1.3 million mignonnettes (small chocolate bars—they are now produced in Poland) and two million Chokotoffs (chocolate bonbons) each day.[3]

History[edit]

A 1943 war savings stamp of the Gold Coast, reflecting the same elephant and palm tree motif as Côte d'Or logo

[edit]

The emblem of Côte d'Or is an elephant, a symbol that recalls the African origin of the cocoa beans used in the manufacture of Côte d'Or. One source also claims that elephants were used to haul the sacks of cocoa beans. In an earlier version of the logo three pyramids and a palm tree were also featured. This logo was based on a Ghanaian post stamp, showing three icons (elephant, palm tree, pyramids) of exotic Africa.

Notable events[edit]

During World War II, high-quality ingredients became unavailable. In addition, one of their factories in Marseilles, France, was destroyed during the German destruction of the Vieux Port district in early 1943. Because of this, Côte d’Or stopped producing chocolate, making room for the lower quality Congobar.[4]

Ethical cocoa sourcing[edit]

There have been continuing question marks over the ethical stance of chocolate brands worldwide. After it became public in 2001 that thousands of children were being trafficked and exploited on the cocoa farms of the Ivory Coast,[5][6][7] Kraft, along with the rest of the industry, signed the Harkin-Engel Protocol,[8] promising to remove the worst forms of child labour from the cocoa supply chain.

In October 2009 Kraft launched the first mainstream chocolate products in Europe to carry the Rainforest Alliance Certified seal. Starting in France and Belgium, this Côte d'Or premium dark chocolate contains at least 30 percent cocoa from Rainforest Alliance Certified farms. Kraft declared they would roll out the certified Côte d'Or range to consumers in the United Kingdom, Germany, Spain, Hungary, Poland, Portugal, the Netherlands, Canada and the United States. Kraft Foods also planned to use cocoa beans from Rainforest Alliance Certified farms only across its entire Côte d'Or and Marabou lines, representing some 30,000 tonnes of beans, by the end of 2012.[9]

Availability by country[edit]

Currently Côte d’Or is sold in more than 40 countries, across five continents.[citation needed]

North America and Caribbean Asia Europe Africa Oceania South America

Product examples[edit]

Milk Chocolate 100g

Dark Chocolate 100g - 54% cocoa

Milk Chocolate 47 g

Dark Chocolate 47 g

Lait intense - Milk chocolate around a dark chocolate center

86% Noir Brut - 86% cocoa

Noir Orange 70% cacao 90g

Noir 70% cacao

Noir 70% cacao with caramelized cocoa nibs

Noir de Noir Mignonnettes - 10-gram squares with 56% cocoa

Lait Intense Mignonnettes

Milk Chocolate with Hazelnuts 45g

Milk Chocolate 150g (2 x 75g) - Milk Chocolate featured in Centennial paper wrap packaging from 1911

Dark Chocolate 150g (2 x 75g) - Dark Chocolate featured in Centennial paper wrap packaging from 1911

Chokotoff - Caramel-chocolate toffee

Les Bouchées - Available in milk, white, hazelnut or truffle in the shape of elephants

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Côte d`Or - Home". Cotedorus.com. Retrieved 2009-07-25.
  2. ^ Although the chocolate was name after the Gold Coast, Côte-d'Or is actually the name of a department in the Bourgogne. Gold Coast is correctly translated as Côte-de-l'Or.
  3. ^ a b "The Surprising History of Cote d'Or Chocolate". worldofeurope.com. Retrieved 2017-12-06.
  4. ^ Cote-d'or
  5. ^ Humphrey Hawksley (12 April 2001). "Mali's children in chocolate slavery". BBC News. Retrieved 2 January 2010.
  6. ^ Humphrey Hawksley (4 May 2001). "Ivory Coast accuses chocolate companies". BBC News. Retrieved 4 August 2010.
  7. ^ Sudarsan Raghavan and Sumana Chatterjee (24 June 2001). "Slaves feed world's taste for chocolate: Captives common in cocoa farms of Africa". Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Archived from the original on 17 September 2006. Retrieved 25 April 2012.
  8. ^ "Protocol for the growing and processing of cocoa beans and their derivative products in a manner that complies with ILO Convention 182 concerning the prohibition and immediate action for the elimination of the worst forms of child labor" (PDF). International Cocoa Initiative. 2001. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 July 2008. Retrieved 25 April 2012.
  9. ^ Major European Kraft Chocolate Brands Embrace Rainforest Alliance Certification | Rainforest Alliance

External links[edit]