Cần Thơ

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Cần Thơ
Thành phố Cần Thơ
Cần Thơ City
Chợ Cần Thơ.jpg
Can-tho-tuonglamphotos.jpg
Một cảnh chợ nổi Cái Răng.jpg
CanThoBridge.jpg
Nickname(s): 
"The capital of the West" (Tây Đô)
Location of Cần Thơ
Coordinates: 10°02′N 105°47′E / 10.033°N 105.783°E / 10.033; 105.783
Country Vietnam
RegionMekong Delta
Founded1789
CapitalNinh Kiều
Subdivision5 urban districts, 4 rural districts
Government
 • TypeMunicipality (Class-1)
 • BodyCần Thơ People's Council
 • Secretary of the PartyLê Quang Mạnh
 • Chairman of People's CouncilPhạm Văn Hiểu
 • Chairman of People's CommitteeTrần Việt Trường
Area
 • Municipality1,438.96 km2 (555.59 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)[2]
 • Municipality1,235,171
 • Density860/km2 (2,200/sq mi)
 • Urban
860,557
Ethnic groups
 • Vietnamese[3]97.47%
 • Khmer1.59%
 • Hoa0.88%
 • Others0.06%
Time zoneUTC+07:00 (ICT)
Postal code
90xxxx
Area codes292
ISO 3166 codeVN-CT
License plate65
GRP (Nominal)2020[4]
- TotalUS$5.2 billion
- Per capitaUS$4.200
ClimateAw
International airportsCan Tho International Airport
Websitecantho.gov.vn

Cần Thơ also written as Can Tho or Cantho (standard Vietnamese: [kə̂n tʰəː], Southern: [kʌŋ˨˩ tʰəː]) is the fourth-largest city in Vietnam, and the largest city along the Mekong Delta region in Vietnam.[5][6]

It is noted for its floating markets, rice paper-making village, and picturesque rural canals.[6] It has a population of around 1,282,300 as of 2018,[7] and is located on the south bank of the Hậu River, a distributary of the Mekong River. In 2007, about 50 people died when the Cần Thơ Bridge collapsed, causing Vietnam's worst engineering disaster.[8] In 2011, Cần Thơ International Airport opened.[9]

The city is nicknamed the "western capital" (Vietnamese is Tây Đô), and is located 169 kilometres (105 miles) from Hồ Chí Minh City.

History: Vietnam War[edit]

During the Vietnam War, Cần Thơ was the home of the ARVN IV Corps capital. The ARVN 21st division was dedicated to protect the city of Cần Thơ, including the provinces of Chương Thiện (now in Hậu Giang), Bạc Liêu, An Xuyen (Cà Mau), Ba Xuyen (Soc Trang), and Kiên Giang. Before 1975, Cần Thơ was part of Phong Dinh province.and also On November 1, 1955, the third Light Division changed into the thirteenth Light Division, and the fifteenth, twelfth, and 106th regiments transformed into the 37th, 38th, and 39th regiments. The 37th and 38th Regiments consisted of battalions that originated in the present MR 3; The 39th regiment consisted of battalions from My Tho and Sa Dec in the Delta. The 39th Regiment participated in the successful campaigns against dissidents in Hua Hau in 1955-1956.

Administrative system[edit]

The city is an independent municipality at the same level as the other provinces of Vietnam. It was created in the beginning of 2004 by a split of the former Cần Thơ Province into two new administrative units: Cần Thơ City and Hậu Giang Province.

Cần Thơ is subdivided into nine district-level sub-divisions:

They are further subdivided into five commune-level towns (or townlets), 36 communes, and 44 wards.

Ninh Kiều, which has the well-known Ninh Kiều port, is the central district and also the most populated and wealthiest of these districts.[10]

The city borders the provinces of An Giang, Hậu Giang, Kiên Giang, Vĩnh Long and Đồng Tháp.

Transportation[edit]

Before 1975, National Highway 4 (now National Route 1A) bypassed the ferry from Binh Minh, VL to Cần Thơ where the ARVN 21st division patrolled heavily the ferry transportation to protect the civilians and ship merchants. South of the National Highway 4 from Cần Thơ to Ba Xuyen province (Soc Trang) were mainly heavily patrolled by ARVN soldiers to prevent route disruption.

Today, Cần Thơ is connected to the rest of the country by National Route 1A and Cần Thơ International Airport. The city's bridge, which is now completed, is the longest cable-stayed bridge in Southeast Asia. The six-lane Saigon–Cần Thơ Expressway is being built in parts[clarification needed] from Hồ Chí Minh City to Mỹ Tho. Hydrofoil express boats link this city with Hồ Chí Minh City.[citation needed] From Phú Quốc island, tourists can use the ferry, passenger bus or taxi to transfer to Cần Thơ.[11] There are many vehicles such as taxis, Grab motorbikes, buses, vans and coaches.

Tourism[edit]

Nam Nhã pagoda

The Mekong Delta is considered to be the "rice basket of Vietnam", contributing more than half of the nation's rice production. People say of Cần Thơ:

Cần Thơ gạo trắng nước trong, / Ai đi đến đó lòng không muốn về. ("Cần thơ's rice is white, its water clear. / Everyone who visit there, does not want to leave.")

Cần Thơ (shared with Hau Giang) is famous for its floating markets, especially Cai Rang Floating Market, where people sell and buy things on the river, as well as the bird gardens and the port of Ninh Kiều. The city offers a wide range of tropical fruits such as pomelo, longan, jackfruit, mango, guava, banana, rambutan, mangosteen, dragon fruit and durian. The Cần Thơ City Museum has exhibits on the city's history.[12]

Tourist attractions:

Cần Thơ University

Education[edit]

Academic institutions in the city are Cần Thơ University, Cần Thơ Department of Education and Training, Cần Thơ University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Tây Đô University, Nam Cần Thơ University, Cần Thơ College, College of Foreign Economic Relations – Cần Thơ Branch, Medical College, Singapore International School at Can Tho,[14] Cần Thơ Technical Economic College[15] and Vocational College, with its well-known College of Agriculture and Mekong Delta Rice Research Institute, Cần Thơ University of Technology.[citation needed]

Climate[edit]

Under the Köppen climate classification, Cần Thơ has a tropical wet and dry climate. Cần Thơ's climate features two seasons: rainy (from May to November) and dry (from December to April). Average annual humidity is 83%, rainfall 1,635 mm (64 in) and temperature 27 °C (81 °F).

Climate data for Cần Thơ
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 34.2
(93.6)
35.2
(95.4)
38.5
(101.3)
40.0
(104.0)
38.3
(100.9)
37.3
(99.1)
36.8
(98.2)
35.5
(95.9)
34.8
(94.6)
35.8
(96.4)
34.2
(93.6)
34.0
(93.2)
40.0
(104.0)
Average high °C (°F) 30.0
(86.0)
30.9
(87.6)
32.5
(90.5)
33.4
(92.1)
32.9
(91.2)
31.6
(88.9)
31.1
(88.0)
30.7
(87.3)
30.7
(87.3)
30.5
(86.9)
30.2
(86.4)
29.3
(84.7)
31.1
(88.0)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.2
(77.4)
25.9
(78.6)
27.1
(80.8)
28.3
(82.9)
27.7
(81.9)
27.0
(80.6)
26.7
(80.1)
26.6
(79.9)
26.6
(79.9)
26.7
(80.1)
26.6
(79.9)
25.4
(77.7)
26.6
(79.9)
Average low °C (°F) 22.1
(71.8)
22.6
(72.7)
23.7
(74.7)
24.9
(76.8)
25.0
(77.0)
24.5
(76.1)
24.3
(75.7)
24.2
(75.6)
24.3
(75.7)
24.3
(75.7)
24.1
(75.4)
22.6
(72.7)
23.9
(75.0)
Record low °C (°F) 14.8
(58.6)
17.3
(63.1)
17.5
(63.5)
19.2
(66.6)
18.7
(65.7)
19.0
(66.2)
19.5
(67.1)
19.7
(67.5)
17.8
(64.0)
18.7
(65.7)
17.5
(63.5)
16.5
(61.7)
14.8
(58.6)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 9
(0.4)
2
(0.1)
8
(0.3)
40
(1.6)
177
(7.0)
218
(8.6)
228
(9.0)
240
(9.4)
261
(10.3)
321
(12.6)
133
(5.2)
38
(1.5)
1,674
(65.9)
Average rainy days 1.8 0.7 1.7 5.6 16.1 20.5 21.7 22.3 22.9 22.2 14.2 6.3 155.8
Average relative humidity (%) 81.6 80.1 78.3 79.3 84.3 87.0 86.7 87.5 87.9 87.1 84.9 82.8 84.0
Mean monthly sunshine hours 257 246 287 262 212 176 181 175 164 177 195 228 2,561
Source: Vietnam Institute for Building Science and Technology[16]

Economy[edit]

After 120 years of development, the city now[when?] is the delta's most important center of economics, culture, science, and technology. It has a large freshwater port and two industrial parks.[citation needed]

Cần Thơ panorama

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Cần Thơ Bridge in the background

Notable people[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Phê duyệt và công bố kết quả thống kê diện tích đất đai của cả nước năm 2018" [Announcements of area statistics for the whole country in 2018]. Act No. 2908/QĐ-BTNMT of 13 November 2019 (in Vietnamese). Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (Vietnam). – the data in the report are in hectares, rounded to integers
  2. ^ a b General Statistics Office of Vietnam (2019). "Completed Results of the 2019 Viet Nam Population and Housing Census" (PDF). Statistical Publishing House (Vietnam). ISBN 978-604-75-1532-5.
  3. ^ Also called Kinh people
  4. ^ "Thành phố năng động bên dòng Hậu Giang" (in Vietnamese). Nhân Dân. 21 January 2020.
  5. ^ "Trang chu". Cổng Thông tin Điện tử thành phố Cần Thơ – CANTHO PORTAL (in Vietnamese and English). Ghi rõ nguồn "CanTho Portal" khi phát hành lại thông tin từ Portal này. 2012. Retrieved 15 October 2012.
  6. ^ a b Ron Emmons (7 February 2012). Frommer's Vietnam: with Angkor Wat. John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 978-1-118-11997-6. Retrieved 15 October 2012.
  7. ^ "Area, population and population density in 2018 by province". Statistical Yearbook of Vietnam 2018. Statistical Publishing House, General Statistic Office of Viet Nam. 2019. p. 90. ISBN 9786047511082. Retrieved 13 May 2020.
  8. ^ Jessica Rowson (3 October 2007). "50 deaths in Can Tho bridge collapse". New Civil Engineer. EMAP Ltd. Retrieved 15 October 2012.
  9. ^ Emmons, p. 342.
  10. ^ SGT (13 April 2012). "Ca Ba Old House is Can Tho classic". Vietnam.net Bridge. VIETNAMNET Bridge. Retrieved 15 October 2012.
  11. ^ "best way to transfer from Phu Quoc to Cam Tho". Retrieved 3 October 2019.
  12. ^ Emmons, p. 345.
  13. ^ https://www.citypassguide.com/en/travel/can-tho/attractions/pagodas/phat-hoc-pagoda
  14. ^ http://cantho.sis.edu.vn/
  15. ^ http://www.ctec.edu.vn/ctec2013/
  16. ^ "Vietnam Building Code Natural Physical & Climatic Data for Construction" (PDF) (in Vietnamese). Vietnam Institute for Building Science and Technology. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 July 2018. Retrieved 23 July 2018.
  17. ^ "Kaposvár testvérvárosai". kaposvar.hu. Kaposvár. Retrieved 20 April 2021.
  18. ^ "RIVERSIDE: Council votes to add sister city in Vietnam". pe.com. The Press-Enterprise. Retrieved 20 April 2021.
  19. ^ "International Connections". shantou.gov.cn. Shantou. Retrieved 20 April 2021.

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Can Tho at Wikimedia Commons
  • Cần Thơ travel guide from Wikivoyage

Coordinates: 10°02′N 105°47′E / 10.033°N 105.783°E / 10.033; 105.783