Personalist Labor Revolutionary Party

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Cần Lao)
Jump to: navigation, search
Personalist Labor Revolutionary Party
Cần lao Nhân vị Cách Mạng Ðảng
Official Leader Ngo Dinh Diem
General Secretary Ngo Dinh Nhu
Chairman Ngo Dinh Can
Slogan Labor – Revolution – Personalism
(Cần lao - Cách mạng - Nhân vị)
Founded August 8, 1954 (1954-08-08)
Dissolved November 1, 1963 (1963-11-01)
Headquarters Saigon
Newspaper "Socially" (Xã hội)
Youth wing "Youth Revolution"
Women's wing "Women Solidarity Movement"
Membership  (1962) 1,368,757[1]
Ideology Person Dignity Theory
Religion Spiritualism
International affiliation None
Colours          Green, red
Politics of Vietnam
Political parties
Elections

The Personalist Labor Revolutionary Party (Vietnamese: Cần lao Nhân vị Cách Mạng Ðảng), called simply Can Lao Party, was a Vietnamese political party, formed to support the Ngô Đình Diệm regime in South Vietnam, and largely operated by his brother, Ngô Đình Nhu. It was ostensibly based on the Person Dignity Theory, coined by Ngo Dinh Nhu and based on Emmanuel Mounier's personalism. The Can Lao was also a protective of the Catholics of Vietnam.[2]

History[edit]

The Can Lao was informally founded in 1950 as Spirit Group, by Ngo Dinh Nhu. The Group aerved mainly as roundtable for political debates. The Group also published the weekly "The Society", and organized several meetings in the cities of Saigon, Da Lat, Huế, Hanoi and Haiphong.

In 1953, the Group entered officially in politics with the name of Public Agrarian Party, led also by Ngô Đình Cẩn, Nhu's brother. The new party claimed also to the national unity with other organizations.[3]

On August 8, 1954, the Can Lao Party was officially founded, with the slogan "Person + Community = Convenient Coin". In 1955, Nhu bacame the General Secretary of the party. In the same year, the Can Lao took over the government of South Vietnam, with Ngo Dinh Can like President and Prime Minister, and started a policy of sectarianism and nepotism. In less than year, the Can Lao had all the key positions in the government, like national security and Ministry of Defence's offices. With the military's support, the Can Lao started a dominant-party rule.

The party run for the parliamentary and presidential elections under the name of National Revolutionary Movement, and founded himself with several organizations against the Communist Party. During this time, Ngô Đình Cẩn became the party chairman, while his brother Nhu maintained the General Secretary's office. In 1958, the Can Lao established the its youth wing, the "Rivolutionary Youth", that obtained a strong influences in the rural areas. Also the membership was increased: from 10,000 members in 1955 to 1,500,000. In 1962 the are 1,386,757 members active in the party.[4] As some experts, the Can Lao had a membership that was second only to the Communist Party and its Viet Minh coalition.

In 1961, the Can Lao formed also a women's wing, the "Women Solidarity Movement", led by the First Lady Madame Nhu. The organization formed also a military training for women,[5] and organized charity initiatives, like blood donation, distribution of medicines to the village and visits to soldiers in frontline.[6]

After the 1963 South Vietnamese coup, organized by military forces, Ngo Dinh Nhu and Ngo Dinh Diem were killed, and the after year also Ngô Đình Cẩn was executed. On November 1963, the party was banned and dissolved.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Demery. Tr 129
  2. ^ Foreign Relations of the United States, 1958-1960 Volume I: Vietnam, (Washington: United States Government Printing Office, 1986): 455-6.
  3. ^ Huỳnh Văn Lang (2011). Ký ức Huỳnh Văn Lang (in Vietnamese). Hoa Kỳ. 
  4. ^ Demery. Tr 129
  5. ^ Duncanson, Dennis J. (1968). Government and Revolution in Vietnam. New York: Oxford University Press. 
  6. ^ Demery. Tr 129