Chicago and North Western 1385

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Chicago & North Western 1385
CNW 1385 during restoration.jpg
The boiler, frame and running gear of 1385 during restoration in February 2010
Type and origin
Power typeSteam
BuilderAmerican Locomotive Company
Serial number42187
Build dateMarch 1907
 • Whyte4-6-0
 • UIC2′C h2
Gauge4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)
Driver dia.63 in (1.600 m)
Loco weight179,500 pounds (81.4 t)
Tender weight139,500 pounds (63.3 t)
Total weight266,200 pounds (120.7 t)
Fuel typeCoal
Fuel capacity10 short tons (9.1 tonnes)
Water cap7,500 US gal (28,000 l; 6,200 imp gal)
Boiler pressure200 lbf/in2 (1.38 MPa)
CylindersTwo, outside
Cylinder size21 in × 26 in (533 mm × 660 mm)
Valve gearStephenson, inside
Valve typePiston valves
Performance figures
Maximum speed60–70 mph (97–113 km/h)
Power output1,588 hp (1,184 kW)
Tractive effort30,940 lbf (137.6 kN)
Factor of adh.4.38
OperatorsChicago and North Western Railway
Number in class325
Current ownerMid-Continent Railway Museum
DispositionUnder restoration
Steam Locomotive #1385
Chicago and North Western 1385 is located in Wisconsin
Chicago and North Western 1385
Chicago and North Western 1385 is located in the US
Chicago and North Western 1385
LocationE8948 Diamond Hill Rd., North Freedom, Wisconsin
Coordinates43°27′31″N 89°52′29″W / 43.45861°N 89.87472°W / 43.45861; -89.87472Coordinates: 43°27′31″N 89°52′29″W / 43.45861°N 89.87472°W / 43.45861; -89.87472
Arealess than one acre
NRHP reference #00000524 [1]
Added to NRHPMay 18, 2000

Chicago and North Western 1385 is a standard gauge 4-6-0, Ten Wheeler type, steam railway locomotive built by the American Locomotive Company for the Chicago & North Western Railway (C&NW) in March 1907. It was one of 325 similar locomotives purchased by the railroad from 1901 to 1908 and designated the R-1 class. C&NW owned more R-1s than any other steam locomotive class.[2]

Although principally used for fast freight, the R-1 class also was used for slower passenger service and occasional switching over the North Western's extensive system, which at its peak extended through nine states from Illinois to Wyoming. When new, it was large, modern power, and required strengthening and enlarging turntables, engine houses, and bridges wherever used.[2]

#1385 was retired in 1956 and was used to thaw out ore cars during severe winters. The locomotive was then purchased by the Historical Society of Milwaukee in 1961 for $2600. The society purchased an abandoned line in North Freedom, Wisconsin, from the C&NW in 1963, moved #1385 there and the society changed its name to Mid-Continent Railway Museum.

The locomotive was in service for most of the 1980s and 1990s, doing excursions over large parts of the C&NW system, but was shopped for major boiler work in 1998. That work is not yet complete.[2]

#1385 was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 2000 as Steam Locomotive #1385.[1]


  1. ^ a b National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
  2. ^ a b c "Chicago & North Western #1385". Mid-Continent Railway Museum. Retrieved 3 February 2010.