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Polish Air Force CASA C-295M Lofting.jpg
A Polish Air Force C-295M
Role Transport aircraft
Manufacturer Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA
Airbus Defence and Space
First flight November 28, 1997
Introduction 2001
Status In service
Primary users Spanish Air Force
Mexican Air Force
Polish Air Force
Egyptian Air Force
Produced 1997–present
Number built 163[1]
Unit cost
$28 million[2]
Developed from CASA CN-235

The EADS CASA C-295 is a twin-turboprop tactical military transport aircraft, and is currently manufactured by Airbus Defence and Space in Spain.

Design and development[edit]

The C-295 is manufactured and assembled in the Airbus Military facilities in the San Pablo Airport, in Seville, Spain. It is a development of the SpanishIndonesian transport aircraft CASA/IPTN CN-235, but with a stretched fuselage, 50% more payload capability and new Pratt & Whitney Canada PW127G turboprop engines. The C-295 made its maiden flight in 1998. The first order came from the Spanish Air Force.

In 2012, EADS announced several enhancements to the base C-295 design, changes included the adoption of winglets and an ability to carry the Marte anti-ship missile; a dedicated airborne early warning and control variant was also planned.[3] In November 2015, a C-295 successfully demonstrated a new self-protection suite, which incorporated elements such as directional infrared countermeasures from Elbit Systems and infrared passive airborne warning system.[4] In January 2016, Airbus was in the process of developing a new hose-and-drogue in-flight refuelling rig to be optionally installed in the centerline of the C295, this capability is being promoted for the aerial refuelling of combat helicopters, initial 'dry' flight tests are scheduled later in the year; Airbus is also performing flap optimisations and other modifications upon the type for extreme takeoff and vertical landing capabilities.[5]

Operational history[edit]

The C-295 is in service with the armed forces of 15 countries. As of 31 August 2015, 136 C295s have been contracted: 134 are in service and two were lost in accidents.[6][7]

The C-295 was a major bidder for the US ArmyUS Air Force Joint Cargo Aircraft (JCA) which was awarded to the L-3 Communications/Alenia team on June 13, 2007.[8] The C-295 was considered a higher risk by the Army due to its use of a new operational mode to meet altitude and range requirements.[9]

The C-295 was selected in 2016 as the replacement for the Royal Canadian Air Force's DHC-5 Buffalo in the Search & Rescue role.[10][11]

The aircraft, along with the C-27J Spartan, is a candidate to replace the Indonesian Air Force's Fokker F27s and the Peruvian Air Force's Antonov An-32s.[12][13][14]

In November 2011, the Australian Department of Defence issued a request for information on the C-295 and C-27J as a replacement for Australia's retired de Havilland Canada DHC-4 Caribou.[15]

In July 2012 Poland ordered an additional five C-295s, this order made the Polish Air Force the second largest single operator of the C295, flying 16 aircraft.[16] In January 2013, Airbus reported that a total of 28 C-295s had been sold during 2012 in what was described as a "bumper year".[17]

In response to a request for information from the Indian Air Force for 56 transport planes at $2.4 billion to replace an ageing fleet of 55 Hawker Siddeley HS 748, Airbus announced on 28 October 2014 that it would bid for the contract with the C-295.[18][19] On 13 May 2015, the Defence Acquisition Council (DAC) approved purchase of C-295. The first 16 planes under the deal will be directly procured from the vendor and the remaining 40 planes will be produced locally in India by Tata Advanced Systems.[20][21]


C-295 AEW prototype at the Royal International Air Tattoo in 2011
C-295W prototype at the Farnborough Airshow in 2014
C-295 Armed ISR variant at Dubai Air Show 2017
Military transport version. Capacity for 71 troops, 48 paratroops, 27 stretchers, five 2.24 × 2.74 m (88 × 108 inches) pallets or three light vehicles.[22]
Indonesian Aerospace-made C-295. Indonesian Aerospace have a licence to build the C-295 in Indonesia.[citation needed] Since 2011 PTDI has an Industrial Collaboration with Airbus Defence & Space for CN-295 program.
C-295 MPA/Persuader
Maritime patrol/anti-submarine warfare version. Provision for six hardpoints.[22]
C-295 AEW&C
Prototype airborne early warning and control version with EL/W-2090 360 degree radar dome. The AESA radar was developed by Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) and has an integrated IFF (Identification friend or foe) system.[23]
C-295 Firefighter
Dedicated aerial firefighting aircraft.[24]
C-295 SAR
Dedicated search and rescue aircraft for the Canadian Armed Forces.[25]
Dedicated signals intelligence version.
Enhanced performance version with winglets and uprated engines announced in 2013. Certification is expected in 2014.[26]
AC-295 Gunship
Gunship version developed by Airbus Defence and Space, Orbital ATK, and the King Abdullah II Design and Development Bureau, based on the AC-235 Light Gunship configuration.[27][28]
Dedicated tanker aircraft.[29]


CASA C-295 operators:
  C-295M users.
  C-295 Persuader users
  Both versions users.
CASA C-295 of the Polish Air Force, at the Radom Air Show in 2005
EADS CASA C-295 of the Brazilian Air Force in special markings for RIAT 2009
EADS CASA C-295 of the Kazakh Air Force delivered in 2013
A Royal Air Force of Oman C-295MPA being tested at Seville Airport in 2015
Portuguese Air Force EADS CASA C-295 (code 16708) arrives at RAF Fairford, Gloucestershire, England, on 10th July 2014, for the Royal International Air Tattoo
  • The Brazilian Air Force received 11 C-295, designated C-105A Amazonas, to replace the ageing DHC-5/C-115 Buffalo transports. Additional orders are to bring the total number up to 15 by 2020.[30][36][37]
  • The Colombian Air Force operates six C-295, the last of original four was delivered in April 2009. The fifth aircraft was ordered in September 2012 and delivered 14 March 2013.[7] The sixth aircraft was ordered in January 2013, entering service before 31 August 2015.[7]
 Czech Republic
  • The Egyptian Air Force operates 24 C-295 as of August 2018.[42] Three aircraft were initially ordered for tactical and logistical transport.[43] The first delivery was on 24 September 2011.[44] In January 2013 a follow-on order was signed for six more aircraft[6] and ordered a further eight on 16 July 2014.[45]
 Equatorial Guinea
  • The Indian Air Force will be operating 56 C-295W. The order was finalised on 13 May 2015 by the Indian Ministry of Defense. The first 16 C-295s will be brought in fly away condition; the remaining 40 will be manufactured in India in partnership with Tata Advanced Systems.[49]
  • The Indonesian Air Force operates eight C-295 for tacical and logistical transport. One C-295 is on order as of August 2015.[7] Three planes will be assembled in Indonesia by PT Dirgantara Indonesia, the same company which built the CN-235, the C-295's predecessor.[50] The first two aircraft were delivered in September 2012[51][52]
  • The Kazakh Air Force operates four C-295.[7] A memorandum of understanding has been signed for four more for a total of eight.[53] Kazakhstan is to acquire two more Airbus C295 transport aircraft following the signature of a new contract with Airbus Defence and Space on April 20, 2017.[54] Kazakhstan took delivery of the first two aircraft on January 16, 2013.[55]
  • The Mexican Air Force operates eight C-295Ms. They operate in the 301st Squadron, based in Santa Lucia AFB.
  • The Mexican Navy operates four C-295Ms & two C-295Ws. They are based at the Tapachula Air Naval Base.
  • The Philippine Air Force ordered three units of C-295M as of April 2014 and the first unit arrived on March 22, 2015.[7][58] All 3 are in service as of 22 January 2016.[59]
  • The Polish Air Force has received 17 C-295 that replaced their Antonov An-26s. One aircraft crashed on 23 January 2008, the other 16 are in service at Kraków-Balice Air Base. Poland was the first foreign customer, ordering eight planes in 2001, two optional in 2006 and two more in 2007, with delivery from 2003 to 2008.[60] In June 2012, another five aircraft were ordered,[61] two delivered in October 2012, third in December 2012 and final two units were delivered on 2 November 2013.[62]
 Saudi Arabia


  • Mirosławiec air accident: on January 23, 2008 a Polish Air Force CASA C-295 flying from Warsaw via Powidz and Krzesiny to Mirosławiec crashed during its approach to the 12th Air Base near Mirosławiec.[67] All 20 people on board were killed in the accident.[68] All Polish C-295s were grounded after the incident.[69] Polish defence minister Bogdan Klich dismissed five air force personnel after the accident investigation, which concluded that multiple failings contributed to the 23 January crash.[70]
  • The Czech Army grounded its fleet of four CASA C-295Ms on October 31, 2011 due to equipment failure. A navigation display and other equipment "stopped working during landing" in a plane flying in from Seville, Spain, on October 30. Czech Army spokesperson Mira Třebická said in a statement: "One of the two engines then stopped working." The two pilots landed with one engine. Army General Vlastimil Picek ordered the grounding of all aircraft, until the inquiry has ended. The aircraft were already grounded in February, following a severe drop in altitude in mid-flight and again in May, after problems with an avionics system.[71]
  • On November 9, 2012 an Algerian Air Force EADS CASA C-295 aircraft crashed near the city of Avignon, France while flying from Paris to Algeria. Four of the six passengers were killed, and the other two are missing.[31]

Specifications (C-295M)[edit]

Cargo cabin transporting a Polish military Honker light vehicle

Data from Airbus Military,[72] c295.ca[73]

General characteristics


  • Maximum speed: 576 km/h (311 knots, 358 mph)
  • Cruise speed: 480 km/h (260 knots, 300 mph)
  • Range: with 3,000 kg (6,600 lb) payload, 4,600 km (2,500 nmi / 2,875 mi); (with 6,000 kg (13,200 lb) payload, 3,700 km (2,000 nmi / 2,300 mi))
  • Range with max 9,250 kg (20,400 lb) payload: 1,300 km (700 nmi / 805 mi)
  • Ferry range: 5,400 km (2,900 nmi / 3,335 mi)
  • Service ceiling: 9,100 m (30,000 ft)
  • Takeoff run: 670 m (2,200 ft)
  • Landing run: 320 m (1,050 ft)

See also[edit]

Related development

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era


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External links[edit]