YJ-83

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YJ-83
Type Anti-ship cruise missile
Place of origin People's Republic of China
Service history
In service 1998
Used by People's Republic of China
Production history
Manufacturer China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation
Specifications
Warhead 190 kg. high-explosive fragmentation

Operational
range
180 km(YJ-83)
200 km (YJ-83K)
120 km (C-802)
190 km (C-802A)
Speed Mach 0.9
Guidance
system
Inertial/active terminal guidance
Launch
platform
Surface

The YJ-83 (‹The template Zh is being considered for merging.› Chinese: 鹰击-83; pinyin: yingji-83; literally: "eagle strike 83") is a Chinese subsonic anti-ship cruise missile. It is manufactured by the China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation Third Academy.[1]

Description[edit]

The YJ-83 uses microprocessors and a strapdown inertial reference unit (IRU); these are more compact than the equivalent electronics used in the YJ-8 and the export C-802, allowing the YJ-83 to have a 180 km. range at Mach 0.9. The missile is powered by the Chinese CTJ-2 turbojet, and carries 190 kg. high-explosive fragmentation warhead. Terminal guidance is by an active radar.[1] The YJ-83K, the air-launched variant, has a range of 200 km.[2] This data may be for an improved YJ-83A; the original YJ-83 may have shorter range, at 120 km and 130 km for the surface- and air-launched versions respectively.[1]

The YJ-83KH has an electro-optical seeker, and may receive course corrections by remote link.[3]

The YJ-83 entered service with the People's Liberation Army Navy in 1998-1999[1] and has equipped a large number of its surface warships.[4] The YJ-83K equips the Xian JH-7 and H-6G.[2]

C-802[edit]

A model of the C-802A on display at the Farnborough International Air Show 2010.

The C-802 is the export version of the YJ-83;[4] It is powered by the French TRI 60-2 turbojet[1] and has a range of 65 nautical miles (120 km).[4]

The C-802A and C-802AK are the export surface- and air-launched variants.[1] The C-802A has a range of 100 nautical miles (190 km).[4]

Confusion between the YJ-82, C-802, and "C-803"[edit]

The US military considers the C-802 and C-802A as parts of the YJ-83 family.[4]

The C-802 precedes the closely related YJ-83; strictly speaking, only the C-802A is the export development of the YJ-83.[5] The C-802 is sometimes and erroneously considered the export version of the YJ-82; the two are separate developments.[6]

A prospective "C-803" was erroneously promulgated as the export version of the YJ-83 by enthusiasts in the late-1990s.[5] As yet, no such missile exists.

Operators[edit]

 Algeria
 People's Republic of China
 Myanmar
 Yemen

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Gromley et al.: page 101
  2. ^ a b c United States Office of the Secretary of Defense (8 May 2015). Annual Report To Congress: Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China 2015 (PDF) (Report). p. 46. Retrieved 24 January 2015. 
  3. ^ Gromley et al.: page 102
  4. ^ a b c d e United States Office of Naval Intelligence: page 16
  5. ^ a b Carlson, Christopher P. (8 February 2013). "China's Eagle Strike-Eight Anti-Ship Cruise Missiles, Part 3". DefenseMediaNetwork. Retrieved 21 April 2016. 
  6. ^ Carlson, Christopher P. (6 February 2013). "China's Eagle Strike-Eight Anti-Ship Cruise Missiles, Part 2". DefenseMediaNetwork. Retrieved 21 April 2016. 
  7. ^ Rahmat, Ridzwan (16 March 2016). "Algeria commissions second Chinese-built C28A corvette". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 20 April 2016. 
  8. ^ United States Office of Naval Intelligence: page 17
  9. ^ Mazumdar, Mrityunjoy (29 December 2015). "Myanmar commissions second frigate with reduced RCS, hospital ship". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 20 April 2016. 
  10. ^ Binnie, Jeremy (29 October 2015). "Yemeni rebels claim third anti-ship missile attack". IHS Jane's 360. Retrieved 20 April 2016. 
Bibliography