C. H. Mohammed Koya

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C. H. Mohammad Koya
C. H. Mohammed Koya.jpg
8th Chief Minister of Kerala
In office
12 October 1979 - 1 December 1979
Preceded byP. K. Vasudevan Nair
Succeeded byPresident's rule
Speaker of Kerala Legislative Assembly
In office
9 June 1961 – 12 December 1961
Preceded byK. M. Seethi Sahib
Succeeded byAlexander Parambithara
2nd Deputy Chief Minister of Kerala
In office
28 December 1981 – 17 March 1982
Preceded byR. Sankar
Succeeded byHimself
In office
24 May 1982 – 28 September 1983
Preceded bySelf
Succeeded byK. Avukader Kutty Naha
Member of Parliament Lok Sabha
In office
25 February 1962 – 21 February 1967
Preceded byK. P. Kutti Krishnan Nair
Succeeded byEbrahim Sulaiman Sait
ConstituencyKozhikode
In office
5 February 1973 – 20 March 1977
Preceded byMuhammad Ismail
Succeeded byEbrahim Sulaiman Sait
ConstituencyManjeri
MLA
In office
5 April 1957 – 6 March 1962
In office
6 March 1967 – 5 February 1973
In office
25 March 1977 – 28 September 1983
Personal details
Born(1927-07-15)15 July 1927
Atholi, Madras Presidency, British India
Died28 September 1983(1983-09-28) (aged 56)
Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India
Political partyIndian Union Muslim League
Spouse(s)K. K. Amina (married on June 1, 1950)[1]
Children2 daughters and a son (M. K. Muneer)
As of 2 November, 2007
Source: Govt. of Kerala

C. H. Mohammad Koya (15 July 1927 – 28 September 1983), known as C. H.[2], full name Cheriyan Kandi Muhammad Koya, was an Indian politician and journalist[3] who served as the eighth Chief Minister of Kerala from October 12 to December 1, 1979. A long time Secretary of the Indian Union Muslim League, he is the only Muslim to be chosen as the Chief Minister of Kerala.[2] As the Minister of Education (Kerala), from 1967 to 1977, C. H. championed the progress of the education of Muslim community in Kerala.[2]

C. H. was first elected to Kerala Legislative Assembly in the famous 1957 elections. He went on to hold several key Kerala Cabinet Posts (Deputy Chief Minister, Minister for Education, Home Affairs Minister, and Minister for Finance) under a number of Chief Ministers (E. M. S. Namboodiripad, C. Achutha Menon, K. Karunakaran, A. K. Antony, and P. K. Vasudevan Nair) in the following decades.[2][3] In 1962 (1962 - 67) and in 1973 (1973-77), he was elected to the Parliament of India.[2] He was a Member in Kerala University Senate and served as Chairman, Governing Body, REC, Calicut.[4]

C. H. was born in 1927 at Atholi, in northern Kerala, to Payampunathil Ali Musliyar and Mariyumma.[3][5] He co-founded the Muslim Students Federation, or the M. S. F., while a school student in Calicut Zamorin's College. He helped to receive Liaquat Ali Khan in 1945. C. H. joined the Chandrika newspaper, the official organ the Muslim League,[6] in 1946. Though only having Intermediate education, C. H. worked his way from Sub-Editor to the Editor of Chandrika by 1949.[2][3][7]

C. H. died on in September, 1983 while serving as Deputy Chief Minister of Kerala .[4]

"Young men like C. H. Muhammad Koya realized that violent revolt promised nothing for them [the Kerala Muslims]. Electoral politics, on the other hand, might offer a great deal."

Robin Jeffrey (historian)[8]

Career[edit]

  • Member of Kerala Legislative Assembly[4]
    • 1st Assembly (1957–59) - Tanur
    • 2nd Assembly (1960–64) - Tanur (resigned on 06 March 1962)[4]
    • 3rd Assembly (1967–70) - Mankada
    • 4th Assembly (1970–77) - Kondotti (resigned on 05 February 1973)[4]
    • 5th Assembly (1977–79) - Malappuram
    • 6th Assembly (1980–82) - Manjeri
    • 7th Assembly (1982–87) - Manjeri

Legacy[edit]

C. H. was known as a "fiery and eloquent orator" and was described by scholar R. E. Miller as "grassroots star of the Mappila community" and the "ranking hero of Muslim youth" in Kerala.[2]

  • As the Minister of Education (Kerala), C. H. championed the progress of the Mappila community in secular education, but also advocated higher standards in the "Arabic Colleges".[2]
  • During C. H.'s tenure, the University of Calicut was established (in northern Kerala).[9]
  • C. H. acted a "bridge-builder" among various social and religious groups of Kerala.[2]
  • C. H. is remembered for his "spirited" reply to Jawaharlal Nehru, the Prime Minister of India (when the latter publicly criticized Indian Union Muslim League in 1955).[2]


Kerala Council of Ministers, 1979, with C. H. Mohammad Koya

Works[4][edit]

  • My Haj pilgrimage
  • Caux-London-Cairo
  • The Malaysia I Saw
  • How Legislative Assembly Works
  • Soviet Union
  • Muslim Rule in India Through Stories
  • Five Days in Sri Lanka
  • Camel to Cadillac
  • Travel Around the world

References[edit]

  1. ^ Loksabha Profile (1962)
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Miller, E. Roland. "Mappila Muslim Culture" State University of New York Press, Albany (2015); p. 204, 235-36, 329, 333, and 345.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Chief Minister of Kerala (Official Website)
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Kerala Legislative Assembly
  5. ^ Miller, Roland. E., "Mappila" in "The Encyclopedia of Islam". Volume VI. E. J. Brill, Leiden. 1987. pp. 458-56.
  6. ^ Jeffrey, Robin. "Politics, Women and Well-Being: How Kerala became a Model" Palgrave McMillan (1992); 112 and 114.
  7. ^ Speakers & Deputy Speakers Book – Kerala Legislative Assembly
  8. ^ Jeffrey, Robin. "Politics, Women and Well-Being: How Kerala became a Model" Palgrave McMillan (1992); 112 and 114.
  9. ^ Miller, Roland E. (27 April 2015). Mappila Muslim Culture: How a Historic Muslim Community in India Has Blended Tradition and Modernity. SUNY Press. p. 236. ISBN 9781438456010.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
P.K. Vasudevan Nair
Chief Minister of Kerala
1979– 1979
Succeeded by
E.K. Nayanar
Preceded by
Seethi Sahib
Speaker of Kerala Legislative Assembly
1961– 1961
Succeeded by
Alexander Parambithara