C.R.A.Z.Y.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from C.R.A.Z.Y)
Jump to: navigation, search
C.R.A.Z.Y.
CrazyFilm.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Jean-Marc Vallée
Produced by
Written by
Starring
Cinematography Pierre Mignot
Edited by Paul Jutras
Distributed by TVA Films
Release date
  • May 27, 2005 (2005-05-27)
Running time
127 minutes
Country Canada
Language French

C.R.A.Z.Y. is a 2005 French-language Canadian coming-of-age drama film directed by Jean-Marc Vallée and co-written by Vallée and François Boulay. It tells the story of Zac, a young gay man dealing with homophobia while growing up with four brothers and a conservative father in Quebec during the 1960s and 1970s. The film employs an extensive soundtrack, featuring artists such as Pink Floyd, Patsy Cline and The Rolling Stones.

A popular piece in the Cinema of Quebec, C.R.A.Z.Y. was one of the highest-grossing films of the year in the province. The film won numerous honours, among them 11 Genie Awards, including Best Motion Picture. In 2015, Toronto International Film Festival critics ranked it among the Top 10 Canadian Films of All Time.

Plot[edit]

Zac was born on Christmas in 1960. He had a special relationship with his father Gervais, but things began to fall apart as Zac's non-masculine ways started to show. Their unique relationship officially came to an end when Gervais comes home to find Zac dressed in his mother's clothes. Ever since then, he "had unwittingly declared war on his father".

At the Christmas party in 1975, Zac shotguns a joint with his cousin Brigitte's boyfriend Paul, which sparks Zac's attraction. His friend Michelle tries to kiss him, but Zac stops her with the excuse of protecting their friendship. Later on, he discovers that Brigitte is no longer with Paul. In a moment of spontaneity, Zac runs a red light on his motorcycle, only to be struck by a car and hospitalized. Zac later learns that Brigitte is back with Paul.

Zac begins a relationship with Michelle, temporarily relieving Gervais — until he sees Zac stepping out of the car with a male classmate, adjusting his crotch. Angry, Gervais has Zac see a therapist to "cure" him of his homosexuality. The therapist's conclusion was that Zac made "a subconscious deliberate mistake", intentionally doing it so that Gervais would catch him and find out he was gay.

At the Christmas dinner in 1980, Zac and Michelle's relationship has become closer and more physical. His brother Christian announces his engagement. At Christian's wedding reception, Zac and Paul shotgun a joint outside, but are seen by a guest who thought they were kissing. Gervais overhears this gossip, and chaos ensues. Gervais confronts Zac in the pouring rain, and Zac admittedly comes out, yelling that while he was not kissing Paul, he wished he had been. A sobbing, eavesdropping Michelle runs out of hiding, and Gervais tells Zac to leave. Zac flies to Jerusalem. Disgusted with himself after a gay sexual escapade, he walks into the desert and collapses in exhaustion. A Bedouin, who found Zac, drips water on Zac's face and takes Zac into his care.

Zac returns home to find his second eldest brother hospitalized after a heroin overdose, who dies the next day. After the funeral, Gervais hugs Zac emotionally. Ten years after his brother's death, Zac narrates that Gervais "had become my father once more", even to the point of allowing his lover into his house.

Cast[edit]

Marc-André Grondin plays Zachary.

Production[edit]

Development[edit]

Director Jean-Marc Vallée co-wrote the screenplay and assembled the soundtrack.

Director Jean-Marc Vallée conceived of the film when he and his wife met François Boulay while staying in a cottage in the Eastern Townships, Quebec. Boulay told them about his childhood and four brothers, with memories Vallée found sometimes amusing and sometimes concerning.[1] At Vallée's urging, Boulay later mailed Vallée a screenplay draft called Random Souvenirs of my Life based on his childhood, totaling 100 pages.[2] Vallée added elements about the mother character and began shaping a song list.[1] After seeing Good Will Hunting (1997), Vallée considered setting the film in Boston, but actor Michel Côté read the screenplay and persuaded Vallée that it was a fundamentally Quebec story.[2]

Vallée and Boulay worked on the screenplay for five years, finishing by November 2000. The projected budget of $8.9 million had to be reduced to $7.3 million before some sponsorship from Telefilm Canada could be secured.[3]

Filming[edit]

Shooting began in April 2004, but when the project ran out of money, filming temporarily ceased in the summer. Michel Côté made a personal donation to restart the project.[3]

Sets were generally inexpensive, though the film did require a large portion of the budget for special effects.[4] Art director Patrice Vermette made many decorations for the sets accurate for the periods.[5] In addition to being set in Montreal, Montreal was used as a filming location.[6] The scenes set in Jerusalem were filmed in Essaouira, Morocco, with the sand located one kilometre from the city being employed for desert shots.[7]

Music[edit]

Nearly 10% of the budget was spent on acquiring song rights for the soundtrack, with the cost being $600,000.[8][9] Producers spent two and a half years obtaining the rights for all of them, and Vallée surrendered his salary to help pay for them.[10] Period music is an important element of the film, highlighting characters and recurrent themes and events in Zac's coming of age.[8][11] The soundtrack includes songs by Pink Floyd ("Shine On You Crazy Diamond," "The Great Gig in the Sky"), The Rolling Stones ("Sympathy for the Devil"), David Bowie ("Space Oddity"), Jefferson Airplane ("White Rabbit"), The Cure ("10:15 Saturday Night"), Giorgio Moroder ("From Here to Eternity"), Elvis Presley ("Santa Claus Is Back in Town"), and many others.[8][10][11] "Sympathy for the Devil" alone cost $138,000, as it is used for two minutes, 25 seconds.[9]

The Charles Aznavour song "Emmenez-moi" is repeated over and over in the film, often sung by the father. He also sings another Aznavour song — "Hier Encore", as part of Zac's 20th birthday celebrations. The title derives from the first letter in the names of the five brothers: Christian, Raymond, Antoine, Zachary and Yvan,[1] and also refers to their father's abiding love of Patsy Cline's song "Crazy", which itself is used as a recurring motif in the film.[2]

Release[edit]

C.R.A.Z.Y. was rejected for competition in the 2005 Cannes Film Festival in April.[12] It opened on 75 screens in Quebec on 27 May 2005.[4] The film screened at the Toronto International Film Festival in September 2005.[9] and the Marrakech International Film Festival in Morocco in November 2005.[7] It played in Toronto theatres in October,[4] and opened in Vancouver on 25 November.[2]

By the film's screening at the AFI Fest in November 2005, distribution was sold to 40 countries.[8] The film never had a general theatrical release in the United States, aside from film festivals. U.S. distribution rights issues were posed by the film's use of "Shine On You Crazy Diamond" by Pink Floyd.[3]

C.R.A.Z.Y. was initially released on DVD in Quebec in October 2005, followed by TVA Films' English-language Canadian DVD in April 2006. When Vallée learned the special features on the latter did not have English subtitles, he and TVA Films planned a corrected two-disc English DVD for November.[13]

Reception[edit]

Box office[edit]

In its first two weeks, C.R.A.Z.Y. grossed $2 million in Quebec alone.[1] After seven weeks, the provincial gross reached C$3.6 million.[14] By October 2005, the film made nearly $6 million in Quebec theatres, placing second in the summer season provincial box office to Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith.[15] By March 2006, the film made over $6.2 million in Canadian theatres.[16] By that time, the gross outside of Quebec was $300,000.[17]

The film finished its run grossing $6.2 million in Quebec alone. It was the third highest-grossing film in Quebec in 2005, following Revenge of the Sith and Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire.[3]

Critical reception[edit]

In Canada, Susan Walker of The Toronto Star assessed the film as "moving, funny, truthful."[18] Martin Bilodeau praised the film in Le Devoir for its ambition and magic.[19] In Exclaim!, Allan Tong praised it as "a funny, infectious ride through Quebecois pop culture of the '60s and '70s", and honest with vitality.[20]

Liz Beardsworth from Empire positively reviewed the film for its acting, citing Marc-Andre Grondin and Michael Coté, and wit.[21] Jay Weissberg from Variety declared it a "bouncy coming-of-age tale" with great music and capable performances from Cote and Grondin.[22] Entertainment Weekly gave the film a C+, with Jeff Labrecque writing it lacked character development.[23] Writing for BBC, Jamie Woolley remarked on the stylistic photography, found a few scenes overlong but concluded the film added up to more than the value of each scene combined.[24]

C.R.A.Z.Y. has a 100% rating on Rotten Tomatoes, based on 18 reviews.[25] In 2015, the Toronto International Film Festival placed C.R.A.Z.Y. eighth in the Top 10 Canadian Films of All Time.[26]

Accolades[edit]

The film was submitted for consideration for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film,[2] but was not nominated.

Award Category Recipient(s) Result Ref(s)
AFI Fest People's Choice Award Jean-Marc Vallée Won [27]
Atlantic Film Festival Best Canadian Feature Jean-Marc Vallée Won [28]
Genie Awards Best Motion Picture Pierre Even and Jean-Marc Vallée Won [29]
Best Direction Jean-Marc Vallée Won
Best Original Screenplay Jean-Marc Vallée and François Boulay Won
Best Actor Michel Côté Won
Best Actor Marc-André Grondin Nominated
Best Supporting Actress Danielle Proulx Won
Best Cinematography Pierre Mignot Nominated
Best Editing Paul Jutras Won
Best Overall Sound Yvon Benoît, Daniel Bisson, Luc Boudrias and Bernard Gariépy Strobl Won
Best Sound Editing Martin Pinsonnault, Mira Mailhot, Simon Meilleur, Mireille Morin and Jean-François Sauvé Won
Best Art Direction / Production Design Patrice Vermette Won
Best Costume Design Ginette Magny Won
Golden Reel Award Pierre Even and Jean-Marc Vallée Won
Gijón International Film Festival Best Director Jean-Marc Vallée Won [30]
Best Screenplay François Boulay and Jean-Marc Vallée Won
Art Direction Patrice Vermette Won
Young Jury Prize Jean-Marc Vallée Won
Jutra Awards Best Film Pierre Even and Jean-Marc Vallée Won [31]
Best Direction Jean-Marc Vallée Won
Best Screenplay Jean-Marc Vallée and François Boulay Won
Best Actor Marc-André Grondin Won
Best Supporting Actor Michel Côté Won
Best Supporting Actor Pierre-Luc Brillant Nominated
Best Supporting Actress Danielle Proulx Won
Best Cinematography Pierre Mignot Won
Best Editing Paul Jutras Won
Best Art Direction Patrice Vermette Won
Best Sound Yvon Benoît, Daniel Bisson, Luc Boudrias, Bernard Gariépy Strobl, Martin Pinsonnault, Mira Mailhot, Simon Meilleur, Mireille Morin and Jean-François Sauvé Won
Best Costume Design Ginette Magny Won
Best Make-Up Réjean Goderre Won
Best Hairstyling Réjean Goderre Won
Lumières Awards Best French-Language Film C.R.A.Z.Y. Nominated [32]
Maine International Film Festival Audience Favorite Award Jean-Marc Vallée Won [33]
Toronto International Film Festival Best Canadian Film Jean-Marc Vallée Won [34]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Hays, Matthew (20 June 2005). "Going C.R.A.Z.Y.: The story behind Quebec's current box-office triumph". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Archived from the original on 23 June 2005. Retrieved 14 October 2005. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Leiren-Young, Mark (24 November 2005). "Jean-Marc Vallée's keeps C.R.A.Z.Y. in Quebec". The Georgia Straight. Retrieved 12 April 2017. 
  3. ^ a b c d Knegt, Peter (4 March 2016). "Looking back at the crazy success story that was Jean-Marc Vallée's 'C.R.A.Z.Y.'". Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 12 April 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c Fox, Matthew (16 October 2005). "Quebec's own coming-of-age story". The Toronto Star. p. C03. 
  5. ^ Dumais, Manon (18 May 2005). "C.R.A.Z.Y. : DES AIRS DE FAMILLE". Voir. Retrieved 14 April 2017. 
  6. ^ Bowen, Arabella; Watson, John Shandy (1 June 2007). "Montreal on film". The Rough Guide to Montreal (3 ed.). Penguin. p. 293. ISBN 075664688X. 
  7. ^ a b Tremblay, Odile (14 November 2005). "C.R.A.Z.Y. triomphe à Marrakech". Le Devoir. Retrieved 13 April 2017. 
  8. ^ a b c d Seguin, Denis (21 November 2005). "A C.R.A.Z.Y. situation". Canadian Business. Vol. 78 no. 23. pp. 11–12. 
  9. ^ a b c Johnson, Brian D. (24 October 2005). "SHINE ON YOU C.R.A.Z.Y. DIAMOND". Maclean's. Vol. 118 no. 43. p. 87. 
  10. ^ a b Gaudet, Agnès (1 June 2005). "Dur, dur d'obtenir les droits des chansons". Canoe.ca. Retrieved 14 April 2017. 
  11. ^ a b "Featured film: C.R.A.Z.Y., by Metin Alsanjak". Vertigo. April 2006. Retrieved 2007-08-12. 
  12. ^ "Le Festival de Cannes présente la liste des films en compétition". The Canadian Press. 19 April 2005. 
  13. ^ Dinoff, Distin (15 May 2006). "Vallée to release third – yes third – DVD of C.R.A.Z.Y.". Playback. Retrieved 14 April 2017. 
  14. ^ Kelly, Brendan (18 July 2005). "QUEBEC PIX WOW LOCALS". Variety. Vol. 399 no. 8. p. 8. 
  15. ^ Yakabuski, Konrad (15 November 2005). "They're mad about C.R.A.Z.Y.". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 12 April 2017. 
  16. ^ "Genies show love for C.R.A.Z.Y.". CBC News. 13 March 2006. Retrieved 12 April 2017. 
  17. ^ N.A. (23 March 2006). "AWARDS PILING UP LIKE C.R.A.Z.Y. FOR QUEBEC FILM". Guelph Mercury. p. F10. 
  18. ^ Walker, Susan (25 November 2005). "MOVIES". The Toronto Star. p. D08. 
  19. ^ Bilodeau, Martin (21 May 2005). "C.R.A.Z.Y. ou la vérité folle d'un amour fou". Le Devoir. Retrieved 14 April 2017. 
  20. ^ Tong, Allan (1 November 2005). "C.R.A.Z.Y.". Exclaim!. Retrieved 14 April 2017. 
  21. ^ Beardsworth, Liz (31 March 2006). "C.R.A.Z.Y. Review". Empire. Retrieved 12 April 2017. 
  22. ^ Weissberg, Jay (13 September 2005). "Review: 'C.R.A.Z.Y.'". Variety. Retrieved 12 April 2017. 
  23. ^ Labrecque, Jeff (22 December 2006). "C.R.A.Z.Y.". Entertainment Weekly. Vol. 912. p. 77. 
  24. ^ Woolley, Jamie (11 April 2006). "C.R.A.Z.Y. (2006)". BBC. Retrieved 14 April 2017. 
  25. ^ "C.R.A.Z.Y. (2005)". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 12 April 2017. 
  26. ^ "Atanarjuat voted No. 1 Canadian film of all time". CBC News. 24 April 2015. Retrieved 29 August 2016. 
  27. ^ Adam, James (15 November 2005). "Quebec's C.R.A.Z.Y picks up U.S. film prize". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 12 April 2017. 
  28. ^ "C.R.A.Z.Y. scores again at Atlantic Film Festival". The Globe and Mail. 26 September 2005. Retrieved 12 April 2017. 
  29. ^ McKay, John (13 March 2006). "Jean-Marc Vallee's C.R.A.Z.Y. wins big at 2006 Genie awards". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 12 April 2017. 
  30. ^ Hopewell, John (5 December 2005). "‘Ultranova’ tops Gijon". Variety. Retrieved 12 April 2017. 
  31. ^ Hays, Matthew (3 April 2006). "C.R.A.Z.Y. sweeps Jutras, as expected". Playback. Retrieved 12 April 2017. 
  32. ^ "Prix et nominations : Lumières de la presse étrangère 2007". AlloCiné. Retrieved 14 April 2017. 
  33. ^ "Past Festivals". Maine International Film Festival. Retrieved 8 August 2016. 
  34. ^ "Past Award Winners". Toronto International Film Festival. Retrieved 12 April 2017. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Blanchard, Maxime (2009). "L’aliénation tranquille: C.R.A.Z.Y. de Jean-Marc Vallée". Contemporary French and Francophone Studies (in French). 13 (1): 71–79. doi:10.1080/17409290802606846. 

External links[edit]