C.S. Marítimo

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This article is about the football section of C.S. Marítimo. For other uses, see C.S. Marítimo (disambiguation).
For Cape Verdean football club, see CS Marítimo do Porto Novo.
Marítimo
Club Sport Marítimo.png
Full name Club Sport Marítimo
Nickname(s) Os Verde-Rubros
(The Green-and-Reds)
Os Leões do Almirante Reis
(The Lions of Almirante Reis)
O Maior das Ilhas
(The Greatest of the Islands)
Founded 20 September 1910; 105 years ago (1910-09-20)
Ground Estádio dos Barreiros, Funchal
Ground Capacity 7,400
Chairman Carlos Pereira
Manager Paulo César Gusmão
League Primeira Liga
2015–16 13th
Website Club home page

Club Sport Marítimo, MH M, commonly known as Marítimo (Portuguese pronunciation: [mɐˈɾitimu] locally [mɐˈɾitmu]), is a Portuguese sports club, founded in Funchal, Madeira, in 1910. Marítimo is best known for its football team that currently plays in the top-flight competition, the Primeira Liga. The club's reserve team, Marítimo B, compete in the third division. Aside from football, Marítimo also have teams in other sports competing in the national leagues, such as volleyball, handball, roller hockey and athletics. Marítimo supporters are nicknamed Maritimistas.

The club hold one national title, the Campeonato de Portugal,[1] won in 1926.[2] After a long period without being able to participate in national championships, they finally made their appearance in 1973.[3] Since then Marítimo was present for thirty-four times in Primeira Liga, was two times runners-up of the Taça de Portugal, was two time runners-up of the Taça da Liga, and participated eight times in the UEFA Cup/Europa League. The club also won the II Divisão twice.

Marítimo's most recent foray into European competition came in 2012, when they achieve the group stage of the Europa League. The International Federation of Football History and Statistics (IFFHS) ranking lists Marítimo as the fifth best Portuguese club of this century, the highest ranking of any club from Madeira.[4]

History[edit]

The team that won the first Championship of Madeira (1916–17)

Marítimo was founded on 20 September 1910 as Club Português de Sport Marítimo, by Cândido Fernandes de Gouveia. The club adopted the red and green colours of the new Republican flag of Portugal to distinguish themselves from rivals Club Sports da Madeira, who used the blue and white colours of the old monarchy flag which had been replaced 15 days earlier. The name Marítimo, meaning Maritime in English, was used to reflect the fact that many of the team's players were workers of the nearby Funchal docks, a prominent employer at the time. The first ever match for Marítimo was a 2–1 win against Santa Clara, a select team composed of workers of Western Telegraph Company, and soon after began playing teams of sailors from visiting British ships. José Rodrigues Barrinhas, an old-fashioned attacking centre-half, made a name for himself in these games and in matches against rivals CS Madeira.

The team that won the Championship of Portugal (1925–26)

In 1921–22, the Portuguese clubs started playing a new national competition.[5] The Campeonato de Portugal, played on a knock-out-basis (similar to the current Taça de Portugal), was the first national competition. After competing in the regional championships, the regional winners compete together to pick the Champion of Portugal. Fruit of the internal domain, Marítimo make 13 appearances in the 17 editions of the competition.[6] After several attempts, the club finally won the Campeonato de Portugal in 1925–26. [7] In the semi-final against Porto, Marítimo won by 7–1. In the final against Belenenses Marítimo won by 2–0. It was after this great achievement that Marítimo was called "The Greatest of the Islands".

In the early 1930s, the club faces a serious financial crisis, without putting in cause its supremacy in the regional competitions. However, in 1934, they create a new national competition called Primeira Liga, in which the teams outside the continental territory were excluded. Nevertheless, in 1938–39 the teams from the islands start to participate in Taça de Portugal, after the champions of Madeira and Azores play a qualification round between them. Being exclude from compete in the Primeira Liga, the club continues playing in regional competitions. It was in this period that the club won many of the Regional Championships. In 1950, the team made an amazing tour in Africa in which they made great achievements, raising high the name of the region.[8]

Since 1934 the clubs of the Portuguese islands were excluded from participating in the national championships. However, after arduous negotiations with the Portuguese Football Federation, it was established that the winner in the regional championship of 1972–73, will play a qualifying round between the last of the II Divisão and the first of the III Divisão. Marítimo wins that regional championship and start to participate in the national championships. It was the first team from a Portuguese island to participate in the national championships. For the history stays the 35 Madeira Championships[9] and that Marítimo won between 1916–73.

Marítimo was the first club outside continental territory to gain access to the First League in Portugal. Since then the club amassed 31 appearances in the higher tier of Portuguese football – being the 10th club with more appearances in the first league in its 77 editions.[10] The consequences of long years without being able to compete regularly in national competitions were visible in the beginning. The fact that the island was not able to put teams in national competitions show the discrepancies in terms of infrastructures and organization between the regional and national reality. Yet the club in 1976–77 wins the II Divisão and rises to the Portuguese First Division, remaining there for over three seasons, thanks to the selflessness and race of its players. Due to the existing semi-professionalism and some logistical difficulties, the club is relegated to Second Division in 1980–81, rising immediately next season, winning for the second time the II Divisão. However this rises and falls, after two seasons the club return to Primeira Liga in the 1982–83. Since then the club remains in the Primeira Liga consolidating is status of a team that compete to achieve a European competition.

Until the early 1990s, the club's best result was 9th in season 1987–88.[11] The entry of a young coach of 35 years, the ambitious Brazilian Paulo Autuori, allied to greater internal organization, make that in 1991–92 the club reached the 7th place, staying just outside a possible European qualification. In the 1992–93 season lived up to the times called wonder-trio (Ademir, Edmilson and Jorge Andrade), betting on Autuori attractive football and with the third best attack of the League (56 goals). The qualification comes in the final round after a game against Boavista, with victory of Marítimo 3–2. In that same season is also important the home wins against Sporting CP (4–2) and against Gil Vicente (7–0). Again the club was a pioneer, being the first island team to achieve a qualification for a European event, under the 5th place achieved. Since then the club has been a constant presence in prominent places in the Portuguese championship, having consolidated its position of prominence.

In 1994–95, another great achievement was made when the club qualify to the final of the Taça de Portugal, after defeating Porto in the semi-finals by 1–0. Marítimo disputes the final against Sporting CP, losing by 2–0. Six years later, in 2000–01 season, Marítimo achieved the final again, after defeating Boavista in the semi-final by 1–0. This time Marítimo play the final against Porto, losing again by 2–0. However, Marítimo still remain the only club in Madeira that reached the final of Taça de Portugal.

Marítimo achieved a status of a club that struggles every season to reach a European competition. As of the 2011–12 season, the club has played 32 campaigns at the top level of Portuguese football, where they have competed continuously since 1985–86. The best ever league finish was 5th place obtain in 1992–93, and since then they had finish another five times in that position. Also Marítimo in the recent years is often seen in the European competitions, where recently got his eighth appearance in the UEFA Cup/Europa League. In the 2012–13 season, Marítimo qualified for the first time for the group stage of the Europa League.

Colours and crest[edit]

The First Crest

Since the beginning the red and green is the official colours of the club. The club adopted the red and green colours of the new Republican flag of Portugal to distinguish themselves from rivals Club Sports da Madeira, who used the blue and white colours of the old monarchy flag which had been replaced 15 days earlier.

Although there is no date or author, the first crest clearly refers to the maritime origins of the club, which is stated in the paddle, in the float, in the harpoon, and in the anchor. The ball of football in the badge represents the sport played in the club.[12]

In 1921–22, a new crest was created by José Inês Ramos, a designer of an Embroidery House in Funchal.[13] The new crest maintains the maritime roots of the club, expressed in a rudder. However a Lion was included in the new crest, which was seeing as a way of symbolizing the strength of the new Champion of Madeira. Since then the crest maintains the same, with only some small graphical chances.

Fans[edit]

Marítimo are known throughout the Portuguese speaking world and have significant fan bases in the former Portuguese colonies of Brazil, Angola, and Cape Verde, as well as areas of the Northeastern United States, Canada, the United Kingdom (specifically Jersey and London) and South Africa.[14]

The club also has a big fans base in Venezuela, where sister club Marítimo de Venezuela of Caracas have won several national Championships. The club was founded in 1959 by Portuguese immigrants living in Caracas, who based their new club on their favourite team from back home in Madeira. Even today, strong ties are kept between both clubs and supporters from either side of the Atlantic ocean. A similar situation is present in Cape Verde, where Marítimo do Porto Novo play in the same green and red stripes when competing in the Santo Antão Island League (South).

Closer to home, the club has a proud reputation of being one of the most supported clubs in Portugal after the "big three", and the most popular club on their home island of Madeira, outranking local rivals Nacional and União. The club has over 10,000 registered members (sócios) and three predominant groups of Ultras, the Esquadrão Maritimista, Ultras Templários and Fanatics 1910 the bigger and more infamous of the three.

There are several famous fans of Marítimo who have publicly declared their support for the team on various occasions, such as the multimillionaire businessman Joe Berardo and Madeira's Regional Governor, the controversial politician Alberto João Jardim.

The club was used a political vehicle in the 1970s during Madeira's fight for freedom and autonomy from mainland Portugal. Governor Jardim proclaimed his support of the club in order to gain votes and the backing from the people of Madeira, while the people in turn supported Marítimo as a symbol of their pride and allegiance to Madeira.

Rivalries[edit]

Marítimo's main local rivals are Nacional, although there is also plenty of ill-feeling towards minnows União, who became in the last years the "third club of Madeira" after the aforementioned. The Madeira derby between Marítimo and Nacional is often associated with the clubs followers' differing culture and way of life. The fans of Nacional, being of a higher socio-economic status than those of Marítimo, are mainly lobbyists for the commercial expansion of Madeira, while the followers of Maritimo are usually of the working class. This only exacerbates the ill-feeling between the clubs, which is made even more tense by the fact that controversial regional governor Alberto João Jardim has used Marítimo as a political vehicle and to gain public popularity.

The rivalry heightened in the mid-1990s when Jardim proposed a plan to unite Madeira's three main clubs, who at the time were all competing in the top division. Nacional and União both pledged their support for the scheme, in a bid for Madeira to realistically contend with the "big three" for the league title; however, Marítimo's fans rejected the idea in mass numbers, stamping their superiority on Madeira's footballing scene.

See also: Madeira derby

Stadium[edit]

Jogo CS Marítimo vs SCB
Marítimo Stadium

Previously playing at the Campo do Almirante Reis until they moved out in 1927, Marítimo currently play their home games at the Estádio dos Barreiros, the municipality stadium of Funchal. The stadium was originally built by rival club Nacional but came into the hands of the local Government after the club fell into a financial crisis. Although uniquely picturesque the stadium is rapidly aging, despite numerous face lifts over the years, and for the best part of a decade the club has sought after an alternative site for a new stadium.

The club also own the Campo da Imaculada Conceição, a small stadium in the north of Funchal. The land it stands on was purchased by supporters and donated to the club who thus constructed the stadium, which was officially inaugurated on 3 October 1965. Situated adjacent to the club's Complexo Desportivo, the ground is used for B team-matches and for training sessions.

In October 2006, it was announced that the club would construct a new state-of-the-art stadium in the Praia Formosa area of West Funchal. However, after several delays and a political war over funding and planning, the stadium plans were put on hold indefinitely, adding to a list of set-backs that stretch well over a decade. The fact that archrivals Nacional were allowed to construct a new stand and training facility at their Estádio da Madeira (with government backing) angered Marítimo's fans even more.

A year later, on 14 September 2007, an agreement between the club's directors and the Madeiran government (of whom own a 40% share of the club) was reached to use the site of the current Estádio dos Barreiros as the location of a brand new, reconstructed commercial stadium. Work began on the new stadium on 20 July 2009, with the realigning of the pitch and demolition of the Bancada Nascente, reducing the capacity to 5,000 seats in the Bancada Central stand. Initial plans indicated that the stadium would be completed by 2011 but following the 2010 flooding disaster, the local government withdrew its funding and construction was halted. The club continued to use the stadium with only the Bancada Central (main stand) usable as the other three sides of the pitch were incomplete. On 25 March 2013, the club opened a new museum and club shop adjacent to the stadium.

After a four-year hiatus, the local government pledged €12 million towards the project and construction of the stadium resumed in May 2014. The initial work focused on finishing the three stands that had been left incomplete from the previous work and so a further reduction in capacity was made, bringing the number of usable seats to just 4,500. The new stands were finished and open to the public in January 2015, with the first game being played in front of 7,000 spectators on 18 January against Braga. The following week, demolition started on the maind stand to make way for the completion of the stadium project. The current capacity of the stadium is 7,400, which will be boosted to 11,000 once the construction is complete (august 2016).

Attendances[edit]

The attendances of Marítimo's home games have been on a steady decline since the late 1990s, with the average attendance filling just half of the stadium's capacity in recent seasons.[15][16] Nevertheless, the recent beginning of the work on the new stadium, on 20 July 2009, has reducing the current capacity to 5,000 seats. This also contributed to a decline on the attendances.

 
Season Attendances
1999–00 7,412
2000–01 5,353
2001–02 4,559
2002–03 5,147
2003–04 4,735
2004–05 3,882
 
Season Attendances
2005–06 4,324
2006–07 4,167
2007–08 5,825
2008–09 4,941
2009–10 3,490
2010–11 3,440
 
Season Attendances
2011–12 3,827
2012–13 3,706
2013–14 3,550
2014–15 4,511
2015–16 6,146

Honours[edit]

National[edit]

Winners (1): 1925–26
Runners-up (2): 1994–95, 2000–01
Runners-up (2): 2014–15, 2015–16
Winners (2): 1976–77, 1981–82

Regional[edit]

Winners (35) – Record:: 1916–17, 1917–18, 1921–22, 1922–23, 1923–24, 1924–25, 1925–26, 1926–27, 1928–29, 1929–30, 1930–31, 1932–33, 1935–36, 1939–40, 1940–41, 1944–45, 1945–46, 1946–47, 1947–48, 1948–49, 1949–50, 1950–51, 1951–52, 1952–53, 1953–54, 1954–55, 1955–56, 1957–58, 1965–66, 1966–67, 1967–68, 1969–70, 1970–71, 1971–72, 1972–73
Winners (25) – Record:: 1946–47, 1947–48, 1949–50, 1950–51, 1951–52, 1952–53, 1953–54, 1954–55, 1955–56, 1958–59, 1959–60, 1965–66, 1966–67, 1967–68, 1968–69, 1969–70, 1970–71, 1971–72, 1978–79, 1980–81, 1981–82, 1984–85, 1997–98, 2006–07, 2008–09

Players[edit]

Current squad[edit]

As of 5 July 2016.

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Iran GK Alireza Haghighi
2 Portugal DF Pedro Coronas
3 Brazil DF Maurício Antônio
4 Brazil DF Deyvison
5 Brazil DF Dirceu
6 Brazil DF Christianno
7 Portugal MF Alex Soares
8 Brazil MF Filipe Manoel
9 Brazil FW Dyego Sousa
10 Armenia MF Gevorg Ghazaryan
11 Brazil MF Éber Bessa
12 Portugal FW Edgar Costa
14 Saudi Arabia MF Shaher Mansour
15 Brazil MF Jean Cléber
No. Position Player
16 Portugal MF André Teles
17 Curaçao FW Gevaro
20 Cameroon FW Djoussé
26 Brazil FW Bruno Nunes
27 Brazil MF Régis Silva
34 Brazil DF Raul Silva
35 Brazil MF Fransérgio
45 Portugal DF Fábio China
50 Portugal FW António Xavier
77 Cape Verde FW Brito
90 Senegal FW Baba Diawara
91 Brazil DF Patrick
94 Brazil GK Charles
France MF Damien Plessis

Out on loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
Cape Verde MF Kukula (at Feirense until 30 June 2016)

B team squad[edit]

For B-team players, see C.S. Marítimo B.

Notable former players[edit]

Managers and head coaches[edit]

Current management team[edit]

Nationality Name Position
Brazil Paulo César Gusmão Head Coach
Portugal Nélson Gouveia Assistant Coach
Brazil Jorge Sotter Fitness coach
Brazil Matheus Fontes Physiologist
Portugal José Manuel Goalkeeping Coach

Former managers[edit]

 
Name Nationality Years
János Hrotkó Hungary 1966–67
Pedro Gomes Portugal 1974–75
Hilário da Conceição Portugal 1975–76
Pedro Gomes Portugal 1976–77
Luís Agrela Portugal 1977
Fernando Vaz Portugal 1977–79
Manuel Oliveira Portugal 1979
António Medeiros Portugal 1979–81
Ângelo Gomes Portugal 1981
Fernando Mendes Portugal July 1, 1981 – June 30, 1982
Pedro Gomes Portugal 1982
Mário Lino Portugal 1982-84
Mário Nunes Portugal 1985
António Oliveira Portugal 1985–86
Stefan Lundin Sweden July 1, 1986 – June 30, 1987
Manuel Oliveira Portugal 1987–88
Ferreira da Costa Portugal 1988–89
Quinito Portugal 1989–90
Ferreira da Costa Portugal 1990
Paulo Autuori Brazil July 1, 1991–93
Edinho Brazil 1993–94
Paulo Autuori Brazil 1994–June 30, 1995
 
Name Nationality Years
Raul Águas Portugal 1995–96
Marinho Peres Brazil 1996
Manuel José Portugal 1996
Augusto Inácio Portugal 1996–99
Nelo Vingada Portugal 1999–03
Anatoliy Byshovets Russia 2003
Manuel Cajuda Portugal July 1, 2003 – Aug 31, 2004
Mariano Barreto Portugal Sept 6, 2004 – March 19, 2005
Juca Portugal March 21, 2005 – Sept 19, 2005
João Abel (interim) Portugal Sept 20, 2005 – Sept 25, 2005
Paulo Bonamigo Brazil Sept 24, 2005 – May 13, 2006
Ulisses Morais Portugal March 16, 2006 – March 31, 2007
Alberto Pazos Spain April 7, 2007 – June 4, 2007
Sebastião Lazaroni Brazil May 20, 2007 – May 17, 2008
Lori Sandri Brazil June 2, 2008 – Feb 23, 2009
Carlos Carvalhal Portugal Feb 24, 2009 – Sept 28, 2009
Mitchell van der Gaag Netherlands Sept 29, 2009 – Sept 14, 2010
Pedro Martins Portugal Sept 15, 2010 – May 31, 2014
Leonel Pontes Portugal July 1, 2014 – March 3, 2015
Ivo Vieira Portugal March 3, 2015 – Jan 18, 2016
Nelo Vingada Portugal Jan 19, 2016 – May 23, 2016
Paulo César Gusmão Brazil June 1, 2016–

Statistics and records[edit]

For more details on this topic, see C.S. Marítimo statistics and records.

Recent seasons[edit]

Season Div Pos Pld W D L GF GA Pts Top league scorer Goals TP TL UEL
2006–07 1D 11 30 8 8 14 30 44 32 Mbesuma 7 R4
2007–08 1D 5 30 14 4 12 38 26 46 Makukula 7 R6 R1
2008–09 1D 9 30 9 10 11 35 36 37 Baba 10 R3 R3 R1
2009–10 1D 5 30 11 8 11 42 43 41 Kléber 8 R3 R2
2010–11 1D 9 30 9 8 13 33 32 35 Baba 11 R4 R3 PO
2011–12 1D 5 30 14 8 8 41 38 50 Baba 10 QF R3
2012–13 1D 10 30 9 11 10 34 45 38 Sami 6 R5 R3 GS
2013–14 1D 6 30 11 8 11 40 44 41 Derley 16 R5 R3
2014–15 1D 9 34 12 8 14 46 45 44 Maâzou 9 QF RU
2015–16 1D 13 34 10 5 19 45 63 35 Dyego Sousa 12 R4 RU
  • Last updated: 15 July 2016
  • Div = Division; Pos = Position in Primeira Liga; Pld = Played; W = Won; D = Drawn; L = Lost; GF = Goals for; GA = Goals against; Pts = Points
  • TP = Taça de Portugal (Portuguese Cup); TL = Taça da Liga (Portuguese League Cup); UEL = UEFA Europa League
  • R5 = Fifth round R4 = Fourth round; R3 = Third round; R2 = Second round; R1 = First round; PO = Play-off; GS = Group stage; R64 = Round of 64; R32 = Round of 32; R16 = Round of 16; QF = Quarter-finals; SF = Semi-finals; RU = Runners-up; W = Winners

European competition[edit]

Season Competition Round Country Club Home Away Aggregate PUC
1993–94 UEFA Cup 1 Belgium Royal Antwerp 2–2 0–2 2–4 1.0
1994–95 UEFA Cup 1 Switzerland Aarau 1–0 0–0 1–0 3.0
2 Italy Juventus 0–1 1–2 1–3
1998–99 UEFA Cup 1 England Leeds United 1–0 0–1 1–1 (1–4 p) 2.0
2001–02 UEFA Cup Q Bosnia and Herzegovina FK Sarajevo 1–0 1–0 2–0 4.0
1 England Leeds United 1–0 0–3 1–3
2004–05 UEFA Cup 1 Scotland Rangers 1–0 0–1 1–1 (2–4 p) 2.0
2008–09 UEFA Cup 1 Spain Valencia 0–1 1–2 1–3 0.0
2010–11 Europa League 2 Q Republic of Ireland Sporting Fingal 3–2 3–2 6–4 4.0
3 Q Wales Bangor City 8–2 2–1 10–3
Play-off Belarus BATE Borisov 1–2 0–3 1–5
2012–13 Europa League 3 Q Greece Asteras Tripolis 0–0 1–1 1–1 (a) 8.0
Play-off Georgia (country) Dila Gori 1–0 2–0 3–0
Group stage France Bordeaux 1–1 0–1 3rd
England Newcastle United 0–0 1–1
Belgium Club Brugge 2–1 0–2
  • Q = Qualification Round
  • PUC = Points UEFA Coefficient

Marítimo Chairmen[edit]

Other sports[edit]

Like many other Portuguese clubs, Marítimo operates several sports teams outside of the football team. Although they are most recognisably successful in professional volleyball (See Marítimo volleyball), the club also field a prominent handball team (See Marítimo handball), a National Championship-winning women's basketball team and a popular futsal team (See Marítimo futsal). Other sports groups within the organisation include athletics, figure skating, fishing, futsal, karate, kart racing, rallying, rhythmic gymnastics, roller hockey, rugby union and swimming.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ From 1922 to 1938, the Portuguese champion was determined in a knock-out competition called Campeonato de Portugal (Championship of Portugal). With the formation of the league, this competition later became the national cup (Portuguese Cup)
  2. ^ "Campeonato de Portugal 1925/1926" (in Portuguese). zerozero.pt. Retrieved 2014-02-05. 
  3. ^ Between 1934 and 1972, due to logistic problems and the difficulties traveling to the mainland, the clubs from the portuguese islands did not participate in the national championships
  4. ^ Club Sport Marítimo arises in the European rankings in position 144, and in the world ranking in position 246.http://www.iffhs.de/?82c48d3171fd33400f06
  5. ^ "Campeonato de Portugal" (in Portuguese). zerozero.pt. Retrieved 2014-02-05. 
  6. ^ Lisboa, Agosto 2007 "Guia de Futebol 2007/2008", editado pelo Jornal Record, pág.112
  7. ^ Rodrigues 2000, pp. 51-62.
  8. ^ Calisto 2001, pp. 418-495.
  9. ^ http://www.afmadeira.com/Portals/15/Documentos/Hist%C3%B3rico/Seniores1Divisao.pdf?ver=2016-01-08-115057-537
  10. ^ Liga Portuguesa :: Campeonato dos Campeonatos :: zerozero.pt
  11. ^ Lisboa, Agosto 2007 "Guia de Futebol 2007/2008", editado pelo Jornal Record, pág.266
  12. ^ Rodrigues 2000, p. 387.
  13. ^ Rodrigues 2000, p. 388.
  14. ^ Rodrigues 2000, p. 318.
  15. ^ http://www.european-football-statistics.co.uk/attn/2000/avepor.htm Average attendances from European-Football-Statistics.co.uk
  16. ^ http://www.lpfp.pt/futebol/pages/espectadores.aspx Average attendances in the Portuguese League

Bibliography[edit]

  • Calisto, Luís (2001). Bola e Mergulhança (in Portuguese). Funchal: Tribuna da Madeira. 
  • Rodrigues, Deodato (2000). História do Club Sport Marítimo 1910-2000 (in Portuguese). Funchal: Diário de Notícias da Madeira. 

External links[edit]