C. Aubrey Smith
|Full name||Charles Aubrey Smith|
21 July 1863|
London, England, United Kingdom
|Died||20 December 1948
Beverly Hills, California, U.S.
|Bowling style||Right arm fast|
|Only Test (cap 66)||12 March 1889 v South Africa|
|Domestic team information|
|1882 – 1896||Sussex|
|1889 – 1890||Transvaal|
|1882 – 1885||Cambridge University|
|Source: CricketArchive, 23 September 2008|
Sir Charles Aubrey Smith CBE (21 July 1863 – 20 December 1948), known to film-goers as C. Aubrey Smith, was an England Test cricketer who became a stage and film actor, acquiring a niche as the officer-and-gentleman type, as in the first sound version of The Prisoner of Zenda (1937). In Hollywood, he organised English actors into a cricket team, playing formal matches that much intrigued local spectators.
Smith was educated at Charterhouse School and St John's College, Cambridge. He settled in South Africa to prospect for gold in 1888-89. While there he developed pneumonia and was wrongly pronounced dead by doctors. He married Isabella Wood in 1896.
As a cricketer, Smith was primarily a right arm fast bowler, though he was also a useful right-hand lower-order batsman and a good slip fielder. He was regarded by his contemporaries as one of the best bowlers to play the game. His oddly curved bowling run-up, which started from deep mid-off, earned him the nickname "Round the Corner Smith". When he bowled round the wicket his approach was concealed from the batsman by the umpire until he emerged, leading W.G. Grace to comment "it is rather startling when he suddenly appears at the bowling crease."  He played for Cambridge University (1882–85) and for Sussex at various times from 1882 to 1892. While in South Africa he captained the Johannesburg English XI. He captained England to victory in his only Test match, against South Africa at Port Elizabeth in 1888-89, taking five wickets for nineteen runs in the first innings. The English team who played were by no means representative of the best players of the time and nobody at the time realised that the match would enter the cricket records as an official Test match. In 1932, he founded the Hollywood Cricket Club and created a pitch with imported English grass. He attracted fellow expatriates such as David Niven, Laurence Olivier, Nigel Bruce (who served as captain), Leslie Howard and Boris Karloff to the club as well as local American players.
Smith's stereotypical Englishness spawned several amusing anecdotes: while fielding at slip for the Hollywood Club, he dropped a difficult catch and ordered his English butler to fetch his spectacles; they were brought on to the field on a silver platter. The next ball looped gently to slip, to present the kind of catch that "a child would take at midnight with no moon." Smith dropped it and, snatching off his lenses, commented, "Damned fool brought my reading glasses." Decades after his cricket career had ended, when he had long been a famous face in films, Smith was spotted in the pavilion on a visit to Lord's. "That man over there seems familiar", remarked one member to another. "Yes", said the second, seemingly oblivious to his Hollywood fame, "Chap called Smith. Used to play for Sussex."
Smith began acting on the London stage in 1895. His first major role was in The Prisoner of Zenda the following year, playing the dual lead roles of king and look-alike. Forty-one years later, he appeared in the most acclaimed film version of the novel, this time as the wise old advisor. When Raymond Massey asked him to help him understand the role of Black Michael, he answered "My dear Ray, in my time I have played every part in The Prisoner of Zenda except Princess Flavia. And I always had trouble with Black Michael!" He made his Broadway debut as early as 1895 in The Notorious Mrs. Ebbsmith. In 1907 he appeared with Marie Doro in The Morals of Marcus, a play Doro later made into a silent film. Smith later appeared in a revival of George Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion in the starring role of Henry Higgins.
Smith appeared in early films for the nascent British film industry, starring in The Bump in 1920 (written by A.A. Milne for the company Minerva Films, which was founded in 1920 by the actor Leslie Howard and his friend and story editor Adrian Brunel). Smith later went to Hollywood where he had a successful career as a character actor playing either officer or gentleman roles. He was also regarded as being the unofficial leader of the British film industry colony in Hollywood, which Sheridan Morley characterised as the Hollywood Raj, a select group of British actors who were seen to be colonising the capital of the film business in the 1930s. Other film stars considered to be "members" of this select group were David Niven (whom Smith treated like a son), Ronald Colman, Rex Harrison, Robert Coote, Basil Rathbone, Nigel Bruce (whose daughter's wedding he had attended as best man), Leslie Howard (whom Smith had known since working with him on early films in London) and Patric Knowles.
Smith became infamous for expecting his fellow countrymen to report for regular duty at his Hollywood Cricket Club. Anyone who refused was known to "incur his displeasure". Fiercely patriotic, Smith became openly critical of the British actors of enlistment age who did not return to fight after the outbreak of World War II in 1939. Smith loved playing on his status as Hollywood's "Englishman in Residence". His bushy eyebrows, beady eyes, handlebar moustache and height of 6'4" made him one of the most recognisable faces in Hollywood. He starred alongside such screen legends as leading ladies Greta Garbo, Elizabeth Taylor and Vivien Leigh and the actors Clark Gable, Laurence Olivier, Ronald Colman, Maurice Chevalier and Gary Cooper. His films include such classics as The Prisoner of Zenda (1937), The Four Feathers (1939), Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1941), And Then There Were None (1945) in which he played General Mandrake, and the 1949 remake of Little Women starring Elizabeth Taylor and Janet Leigh, in which he portrayed the aged grandfather of Laurie Lawrence, (played by a young Peter Lawford), who generously gives a piano to the frail Beth March, (played by Margaret O'Brien).
He appears in Dennis Wheatley's 1934 thriller about an attempt to take over Hollywood "Such Power is Dangerous", under the fictitious name of 'Warren Hastings Rook' (rather than Charles Aubrey Smith). Commander McBragg in the TV cartoon Tennessee Tuxedo and His Tales is a parody of him. The cartoon character also appears in The Simpsons episode "The Seemingly Never-Ending Story".
Smith died from pneumonia in Beverly Hills in 1948, aged 85. His body was cremated and nine months later, in accordance with his wishes, his ashes were returned to England and interred in his mother's grave at St Leonard's churchyard in Hove, Sussex.
Honours and awards
Smith was an officer in the Legion of Frontiersmen.
In 1933, he was on the first board of the Screen Actors Guild.
- Red Pottage (1918)
- Castles in Spain (1920)
- The Face at the Window (1920)
- The Shuttle of Life (1920)
- The Bohemian Girl (1922)
- Flames of Passion (1922) ... Richard Hawke, K.C.
- The Temptation of Carlton Earle (1923)
- The Rejected Woman (1924) ... Peter Leslie
- The Unwanted (1924) ... Col. Carrington (rediscovered and restored 2011)
- Such Is the Law (1930)
- Birds of Prey (1930)
- The Bachelor Father (1931)
- Never the Twain Shall Meet (1931)
- Just a Gigolo (1931)
- The Man in Possession (1931)...Mr. Dabney
- Son of India (1931)...Dr. Wallace
- Guilty Hands (1931)...Reverend Hastings
- Surrender (1931) ... Count Reichendorf
- Polly of the Circus (1932)...Reverend James Northcott
- Tarzan the Ape Man (1932) ... James Parker (Jane's father)
- No More Orchids (1932)...Cedric
- Love Me Tonight (1932)...the Duc d'Artelines
- The Barbarian (1933)... Cecil Harwood
- Adorable (1933) ... Prime Minister Von Heynitz
- Morning Glory (1933)... Robert Harley "Bob" Hedges
- Bombshell (1933)...Mr. Wendell Middleton
- Luxury Liner (1933)...Edward Thorndyke
- Queen Christina (1933) ... Aage
- The House of Rothschild (1934)...Duke of Wellington
- Gambling Lady (1934)...Peter Madison
- The Firebird (1934)
- Bulldog Drummond Strikes Back (1934)...Captain Reginald Neilsen aka Colonel
- The Scarlet Empress (1934)...Christian August, Prince of Anhalt-Zerbst (father of Catherine)
- Caravan (1934)... Baron von Tokay
- Cleopatra (1934)...Enobarbus
- Clive of India (1935)...British Prime Minister
- The Florentine Dagger (1935)... Dr. Lytton
- The Lives of a Bengal Lancer (1935) ... Major Hamilton
- The Gilded Lily (1935) ... Lloyd Granton, Duke of Loamshire
- Jalna (1935)...Uncle Nicholas Whiteoak
- China Seas (1935) ...Sir Guy Wilmerding
- The Crusades (1935)...The Hermit
- The Tunnel (1935)...Lloyd
- Little Lord Fauntleroy (1936) ... The Earl of Dorincourt
- Romeo and Juliet (1936) ... Lord Capulet (his only Shakespearean role on screen)
- The Garden of Allah (1936)... Father J. Roubier
- Lloyd's of London (1936)...Old 'Q'
- Wee Willie Winkie (1937) ... Colonel Williams
- The Prisoner of Zenda (1937) ... Colonel Zapt
- The Hurricane (1937) ... Father Paul
- Thoroughbreds Don't Cry (1937)...Sir Peter Calverton
- Four Men and a Prayer (1938)...Col. Loring Leigh
- Kidnapped (1938)
- Five Came Back (1939) ... Professor Henry Spengler
- Eternally Yours (1939)...Gramps, aka Bishop Peabody
- Another Thin Man (1939) ... Colonel Burr MacFay
- The Four Feathers (1939) ... General Burroughs
- Rebecca (1940) ... Colonel Julyan
- Beyond Tomorrow (1940)... Allan Chadwick
- Waterloo Bridge (1940)...Sr. Military officer/ The Duke
- Maisie Was a Lady (1941)...Al Walpole
- Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1941) ... Bishop Manners
- Forever and a Day (1943)...Admiral Eustace Trimble
- Two Tickets to London (1943)...Admiralty Detective Fairchild
- Madame Curie (1943) ... Lord Kelvin
- The White Cliffs of Dover (1944) ... Colonel Walter Forsythe
- The Adventures of Mark Twain (1944)...Oxford Chancellor
- Secrets of Scotland Yard (1944)...Sir Christopher Pelt
- Scotland Yard Investigator (1945)...Sir James Collison
- Sensations of 1945 (1945) ... Dan Lindsey
- And Then There Were None (1945) ... General Sir John Mandrake
- Cluny Brown (1946)... Colonel Charles Duff Graham
- Unconquered (1947)... Lord Chief Justice
- An Ideal Husband (1947)... Earl of Caversham, Goring's Father
- Little Women (1949) ... Mr James Laurence
- History of Test cricket (1884 to 1889)
- List of England Test cricketers who have taken five wickets on debut
- Obituary Variety, 22 December 1948, page 55.
- Who Was Who in the Theatre: 1912-1976 vol. 4 Q-Z p.2208; compiled from editions originally published annually by John Parker, this 1976 version by Gale Research
- Anglo-African Who's Who
- "Smith, Charles Aubrey (SMT881CA)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- Frindall, Bill (2009). Ask Bearders. BBC Books. p. 46. ISBN 978-1-84607-880-4.
- Cricinfo Profile: Sir Aubrey Smith
- Anglo-African Who's Who, p. 337
- South Africa v England at Port Elizabeth, 1889
- Eforgan, E. (2010) Leslie Howard: The Lost Actor. London: Vallentine Mitchell; p.94 ISBN 978-0-85303-971-6
- Jones, Grahame L (7 October 1989). "Howzat? It's Cricket : Popular From Karachi to Kingston, the Sport Is Also Alive and Well in the Southland". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 15 August 2012.
- Lynch, Steven (28 February 2005). "The cricketer who died on the Titanic". Cricinfo Magazine. ESPN. Retrieved 15 August 2012.
- Fairbanks, Douglas (1988). Salad Days (First ed.). New York: Doubleday. p. 275. ISBN 0-385-17404-7.
- Eforgan, E. (2010) Leslie Howard: The Lost Actor. London: Vallentine Mitchell; chapter 3. ISBN 978-0-85303-971-6
- Sheridan Morley: The Brits in Hollywood: Tales from the Hollywood Raj (UK: Weidenfeld & Nicolson, 1983) ISBN 0-297-78289-4, also published as Tales From The Hollywood Raj: The British, the Movies, and Tinseltown (New York: Viking, 1983), ISBN 0-670-69162-3
- Eforgan, E. (2010) Leslie Howard: The Lost Actor London: Vallentine Mitchell; chapter 5. ISBN 978-0-85303-971-6
- C. Aubrey Smith - Awards
- Commanders of the Order of the British Empire - Supplement to The London Gazette, 9 June 1938, page 3701
- Recipients of the Honour of Knighthood - Supplement to The London Gazette, 2 June 1944, page 2566.
- C. Aubrey Smith - Biography
- The Home of CricketArchive
- "Silent Preservation Premieres: The Unwanted (1924) & A Hundred Years Ago – French shorts"
- Wills, Walter H., 1907. The Anglo-African Who's Who, Jeppestown Press, United Kingdom. ISBN 0-9553936-3-9
- David Rayvern Allen, Sir Aubrey: Biography of C. Aubrey Smith, England Cricketer, West End Actor, Hollywood Film Star, Elm Tree Books, 1982, ISBN 978-0-241-10590-0
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to C. Aubrey Smith.|
- C. Aubrey Smith at the Internet Movie Database
- C. Aubrey Smith at the Internet Broadway Database
- Stage performances in Theatre Archive University of Bristol
- CricketArchive page on Smith
- C. Aubrey Smith at Find a Grave
- "C. Aubrey Smith – Hollywood's Resident Englishman" by Ken Robichaux
W. G. Grace
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W. G. Grace
|Sussex county cricket captain
|Sussex county cricket captain