Carolyn D. Wright
|C. D. Wright|
January 6, 1949 |
Mountain Home, Arkansas
|Alma mater||University of Memphis, University of Arkansas|
|Known for||MacArthur Fellowship|
C. D. Wright was born in Mountain Home, Arkansas to a chancery judge and a court reporter. She earned a BA in French from Memphis State College (now the University of Memphis) in 1971 and briefly attended law school before leaving to pursue an MFA from the University of Arkansas, which she received in 1976. Her poetry thesis was titled Alla Breve Loving. In 1977 the publishing company founded by Frank Stanford, Lost Roads, published Wright's first collection, Room Rented by A Single Woman. After Stanford died in 1978, Wright took over Lost Roads, continuing the mission of publishing new poets and starting the practice of publishing translations. In 1979, she moved to San Francisco, where she met poet Forrest Gander. Wright and Gander married in 1983 and have a son, Brecht, and co-edited Lost Roads until 2005. In 1981, Wright lived in Dolores Hidalgo, Mexico and completed her third book of poems, Translation of the Gospel Back into Tongues. In 1983 she moved to Providence, Rhode Island to teach writing at Brown University where she is now Israel J. Kapstein Professor of English. In 2013, Wright was elected a chancellor of the Academy of American Poets. Stephen Burt has described her as an Elliptical Poet, while Joel Brouwer has said she "…belongs to a school of exactly one."
Wright's poetry is rooted in a sense of place and time and often employs distinct voices in dialogue, particularly those of the American South. Her work is formally inventive and often documentary in spirit, in the sense that it honors those whose stories or voices might be lost were it not for her writing. Her diction mixes high and low to surprising effect, and her range of reference is both broad and deep, including phrases from other languages, allusions to other poems, and pieces of conversation. Her books include precisely distilled lyrics such as those collected in Tremble as well as book-length poems beginning with Just Whistle, her first collaboration with photographer Deborah Luster.
In a 2001 interview with Kent Johnson, Wright said, "As to my own aesthetic associations / affiliations / sympathies: I have never belonged to a notable element of writers who identified with one another partly because I come from Arkansas, specifically that part of Arkansas known for its resistance-to-joining, a non-urban environment where readily identifiable groups and sub-groups are less likely to form." In the same interview, she states, "… The theoretically-driven San Francisco poets who were in cahoots with poets in New York and conversant with European vanguard movements — they provided me with a need to become critically aware of my back-home ways; sharpened me to a degree. I’m grateful for the exposure, the education. I am indebted to particular poets’ work from that point in time, but I am not an intellectual in the sense that qualifies or requires me to belong to a manifestoed-group. And of course one comes to take some pride in one's own outsider status." 
Wright has published literary maps of both Rhode Island and Arkansas. Wright's later work includes String Light; Deepstep Come Shining, a book-length poem; and One Big Self: Prisoners of Louisiana, another collaboration with photographer Deborah Luster. One Big Self: An Investigation (Copper Canyon Press, 2007) contains just the poems. Her poems are featured in American Alphabets: 25 Contemporary Poets (2006) and many other anthologies. Her most recent book, One With Others (Copper Canyon Press, 2010) mixes investigative journalism, history and poetry to explore homegrown civil rights incidents and the critical role her mentor, a brilliant and difficult woman, played in a little-known 1969 March Against Fear in her native Arkansas.
- 1987 Guggenheim Fellowship
- 1994 Poet Laureate of the state of Rhode Island
- 1999 Foundation for Contemporary Arts, grant
- 2004 MacArthur Fellowship
- 2009 Rising, Falling, Hovering winner Griffin Poetry Prize
- 2010 One With Others, nominee National Book Award (Poetry)
- 2010 One With Others, winner National Book Critics Circle Award (Poetry)
Each year links to its corresponding "[year] in poetry" article:
- 1977: Room Rented By A Single Woman
- 1979: Terrorism
- 1981: Translation of the Gospel Back into Tongues (SUNY Press)
- 1986: Further Adventures with You (Carnegie Mellon)
- 1991: String Light (University of Georgia Press)
- 1993: Just Whistle (Kelsey Street Press)
- 1996: Tremble (Ecco)
- 1998: Deepstep Come Shining (Copper Canyon Press)
- 2002: Steal Away: New and Selected Poems (Copper Canyon Press) (shortlisted for the 2003 International Griffin Poetry Prize)
- 2003: One Big Self: Prisoners of Louisiana (Twin Palms) with photographs by Deborah Luster
- 2005: Cooling Time: An American Poetry Vigil (Copper Canyon Press)
- 2007: One Big Self: An Investigation (Copper Canyon Press, 2007) poems only
- 2008: Rising, Falling, Hovering (Copper Canyon Press) (winner of the 2009 International Griffin Poetry Prize)
- 2009: 40 Watts (Octopus Books)
- 2010: One With Others (Copper Canyon Press)
- "C.D. Wright Interview with Kent Johnson for Jacket". English.uiuc.edu. Retrieved September 18, 2011.
- "C.D. Wright Interview with Kent Johnson for Jacket". English.illinois.edu. Retrieved September 18, 2011.
- Johnson, Kent. “Looking for ‘one untranslatable song’: C.D. Wright on poetics, collaboration, American prisoners, and Frank Stanford.” Jacket 15 (December 2001). http://jacketmagazine.com/15/cdwright-iv.html
- "C.D. Wright wins high honor: Canada’s Griffin Poetry Prize | Today at Brown". Today.brown.edu. June 4, 2009. Retrieved September 18, 2011.
- "C. D. Wright - John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation". Gf.org. Retrieved September 18, 2011.
- Bryan Rourke (June 2, 2009). "Brown prof’s book of poetry a finalist in an international run-off". The Providence Journal.
- "Awards and Poets | Shortlists | 2009 Shortlist". Griffin Poetry Prize. Retrieved September 18, 2011.
- "C.D. Wright, One with Others - 2010 National Book Award Poetry Finalist, The National Book Foundation". Nationalbook.org. Retrieved September 18, 2011.
- Web page titled "C. D. Wright" at the Academy of American Poets "poets.org" website, retrieved September 18, 2011
- Griffin Poetry Prize biography
- Griffin Poetry Prize readings, including video clips
- .mp3 recording of Wright reading from "One Big Self" during the Key West Literary Seminar, 2003
- C. D. Wright--The Academy of American Poets
- "Interview", Kent Johnson, Jacket Magazine
- "Only the crossing counts," Slate magazine
- Bent Tones by C. D. Wright[dead link]
- Overview Wright's work at Open Letters
- Interview with CD Wright on Words on a Wire