C. L. Gloger

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Constantin Wilhelm Lambert Gloger
Constantin Wilhelm Lambert Gloger.jpg
Born17 September 1803
Died30 December 1863 (aged 60)
CitizenshipKingdom of Prussia
Known forGloger's rule
Scientific career
FieldsZoology, ornithology

Constantin Wilhelm Lambert Gloger (17 September 1803 near Grottkau, Silesia, Kingdom of Prussia – 30 December 1863 in Berlin) was a German zoologist and ornithologist.

Gloger was the first person to recognise the structural differences between swallows and swifts, and also the first to put up artificial bat boxes.

He was the originator of what is now known as Gloger's rule, which states that dark pigments increase in races of animals (birds were the examples in which he originally noticed the pattern) living in warm and humid habitats. He put forward this theory in his Das Abändern der Vögel durch Einfluss des Klimas (1833). The exact way reasons for why this pattern is actually caused is still unclear but in birds, it has been suggested that darker pigmented plumage provides protection against feather-degrading bacteria whose activity is greater in warm and humid regions.[1] His other works include Gemeinnütziges Hand-und Hilfsbuch der Naturgeschichte (1841).


  1. ^ Burtt Jr, E. H.; Ichida, J. M. (2004). "Gloger's rule, feather-degrading bacteria, and color variation among song sparrows" (PDF). The Condor. 106 (3): 681–686. doi:10.1650/7383. S2CID 5857742. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-11-20. Retrieved 2013-04-01.

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