C. P. Krishnan Nair
|C. P. Krishnan Nair|
9 February 1922|
Kannur district, Madras Presidency, Kerala State, British India
17 May 2014 (aged 92)|
Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
|Occupation||Founder The Leela Group|
British India (1942-47) |
|Years of service||1942-1951|
|Unit||Maratha Light Infantry|
Captain Chittarath Poovakkatt Krishnan Nair (9 February 1922 – 17 May 2014), C.P. Krishnan Nair by Malayali naming conventions, was an Indian businessman who founded The Leela Group. He was a 2010 recipient of the Padma Bhushan, given by Government of India. He was sometimes popularly known as Captain Nair due to his service in the Indian Army.
Early life and military career
Nair was born in a village in Kannur district in northern Kerala on 9 February 1922. At the time the village was located in the Malabar District of the Madras Presidency of the British Raj. Nair was one of eight children. His father worked as a government bill collector earning a monthly income of ₹9. His mother was a paddy farmer. During a visit by the Maharaja of Chirakkal to his school, Nair wrote and recited a poem in the Maharaja's honour. The poem impressed the Maharaja and he awarded Nair a lifetime scholarship. During his teenage years Nair met Communist leaders such as P. Krishna Pillai and A.K. Gopalan.
Nair joined the Indian independence movement at the age of 13. He traveled to Bangalore in 1942 to join the Indian Army. His confidence impressed the recruiting officer and he was recruited as wireless officer, and posted in Abbottabad (in present-day Pakistan). He would later rise to rank of Captain in the Maratha Light Infantry. In 1950, he married Leela, the daughter of industrialist A.K Nair, after whom he would name his future hotel chain. Nair resigned from the Indian Army in 1951.
After resigning from the Army in 1951, Nair helped establish the All India Handloom Board. At the Board he played a major role in marketing hand-spun Indian yarn in the United States. Through frequent business trips to Europe and the United States, Nair gained exposure to international hotels such as Adlon Kempinski, Dorchester Savoy, George Shanvk and Waldorf Astoria, which would inspire his own eventual entry into the hospitality industry.
In 1957, Nair was part of a delegation of the All India Handloom Board to West Germany, which involved visits to Frankfurt, Cologne, Munich and Hamburg. Following his stay at the Kempinsky Hotel in Budapest, he realized the need for a luxury hotel chain in India that could measure up to international standards. With the Sahar International Airport opening in 1981, Nair realized that there were no good hotels in Andheri, the Mumbai suburb where the airport is located. Nair established Hotel Leelaventure Ltd. in 1983, and began construction of a hotel in Sahar on 4 acre plot of land that he owned, and an additional 6.5 acres that he leased.
The American Academy of Hospitality Sciences (AAHS) conferred him a Lifetime Achievement Award and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) awarded him the Global 500 Roll of Honour award in 1999. Eventually he was awarded the Padma Bhushan, by Government of India in 2010. He was also awarded the "Hotelier of The Century" Award by International Hotels and Restaurant Association, based in Geneva, Switzerland, in 2009. He stepped down as the chairman of Hotel Leela on 7 February 2013 and was succeeded by his eldest son, Vivek Nair.
Nair married Leela (after whom he named his hotel group), the daughter of industrialist A.K. Nair, in 1950. They had two sons, Vivek Nair and Dinesh Nair. Vivek is the current chairman and managing director of the Leela Group, while Dinesh is the co-chairman of Leela group. Nair is a relative of V.P. Menon, an Indian civil servant who was the Constitutional Adviser and Political Reforms Commissioner to the last three Viceroys during British rule in India.
- "C.P. Krishnan Nair Horoscope".
- "Chairman's message" Archived 23 September 2010 at the Wayback Machine. Leela Group of Hotels website
- "History". The Leela website.
- "Executive Profile: C. P. Krishnan Nair". Business Week.
- "This Year’s Padma Awards Announced" Ministry of Home Affairs, January 25, 2010.
- Sanjai, P.R. (17 May 2014). "C.P. Krishnan Nair, founder chairman of Hotel Leelaventure, dies at 92". Mint. Retrieved 2 September 2016.
- "Tête-à-tête with Captain C P Krishnan Nair". Economic Times. 24 Nov 2008.
- "Mr. Versatile: Actor Nasser continues to make a mark in diverse roles, says malathi rangarajan". Business Line. Mar 13, 2009.
- "Lounge:The Communist who turned luxe". Mint. Apr 16, 2010.
- "Adult Award Winner in 1999: Capt. C. P. Krishnan Nair". Global 500 Roll of Honour website. Archived from the original on 28 June 2011.
- "Hotelier of The Century". International Hotel & Restaurant Association. Archived from the original on 22 January 2011.
- "Leela Group founder Capt. C P Krishnan Nair dies at 92". IANS. news.biharprabha.com. Retrieved 17 May 2014.
- Sanghvi, Vir. "Captain Nair always thought big". Vir Sanghvi. Retrieved 19 August 2015.