Charles Stanley Reinhart
|Charles S. Reinhart|
Charles S. Reinhart
|Born||Charles Stanley Reinhart
May 16, 1844
|Died||August 30, 1896
New York, New York
|Known for||Illustration, painting|
Charles Stanley Reinhart (May 16, 1844 – August 30, 1896), usually cited as C. S. Reinhart, was an American painter and illustrator. He was a nephew of artist Benjamin Franklin Reinhart.
He was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. After having been employed in railway work and at a steel factory, he studied art at the Atelier Suisse in Paris and at the Munich Academy under Straehuber and Otto. Afterwards he settled in New York City, but spent the years 1882-1886 in Paris where he exhibited regularly in the Salon. As a young artist, he along with Edwin Austin Abbey, Robert Blum, A.B. Frost and Howard Pyle, studied under Charles Parsons, who was head of the art department at Harper Brothers in the 1870s. A collection of 247 letters, eight original drawings, and two sketchbooks can be found at Columbia University's Rare Book & Manuscript Library.
A contemporary reviewer said of Reinhart:
C. S. Reinhart has become widely known as one of the most versatile illustrators we have produced. Excelling as a draughtsman, he brings to his aid an active fancy that enables him vividly to realize the scenes he undertakes to represent; and he seems equally at home in the portrayal of quaint old-time scenes, or the brilliant costumes and characters of the present day, combined with forcible delineations of scenery.
A principal painting, Washed Ashore, depicts the varied reactions of observers to a drowned sailor on a beach. It earned him an Honorable Mention at the 1887 Paris Salon, and the 1888 Temple Gold Medal from the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts.
"In Harper’s Weekly I found an illustration by Reinhart, by far the best I’ve seen by him up to now, Washed Ashore. A body has been washed up, a man is kneeling beside it to see who it is, a few fishermen and women give information about the shipwreck victim to a gendarme. So it looks somewhat like Victim of a Shipwreck that you have, but the drawing by R. has something of [Félix] Régamey, for example. It’s a very fine print." — Vincent van Gogh.
Among his works are:
- “Caught Napping”
- “September Morning”
- “Moonshiners” (Harper's Weekly, November 2, 1878)
- “At the Ferry” (watercolor, 1878)
- “The Old Life Boat” (oil, 1880)
- "Obadiah Holmes" (1881)
- “Spanish Barber” (watercolor, 1884)
- “Mussel Fisherwoman” (oil, 1886)
- “Washed Ashore” (won a gold medal at Philadelphia in 1888; oil, 1887)
- “Rising Tide” (purchased by the government at the Paris Exposition, 1889; oil, 1888)
- “Normandy Coast”
- “Gathering Wood” (watercolor, 1887)
- “English Garden”
Black and white series
- Reichstag Sketches
- A Little Swiss Sojourn
- Americans Abroad
- Works online from Library of Congress (43)
Literary significance and criticism
It has been argued that the short story The Sculptor's Funeral by Willa Cather uses Charles Stanley Reinhart as the prototype for its protagonist. Cather wrote a feature story about the first anniversary of the death of Reinhart in 1897 when she attended the erection of his monument Allegheny Cemetery in Pittsburgh.
- Reed, Walt and Roger (1984). The Illustrator in American 1880-1980. Society of Illustrators. pp. 41 & 63.
- "Charles Stanley Reinhart papers, 1870-1956.". Columbia University Libraries. Retrieved 15 July 2014.
- S.G.W. Benjamin, Art in America: A Critical and Historical Sketch, Harpers, 1880
- Washed Ashore (print), from Wofford College.
- Vincent van Gogh to Anthon van Rappard, 25 May 1883
- Shirley Stipp ephemera collection (visited 26 August 2010) which has the entry: C. S. Reinhart, “Moonshiners,” Harper's Weekly, Vol. XXII, No. 1140 (November 2, 1878), p. 875.
- Bernice Slote, 'Willa Cather and Her First Book', Willa Cather, April Twilights, University of Nebraska Press, 1968, page xlii
- Gilman, D. C.; Thurston, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "Reinhart, Charles Stanley". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Reinhart, Charles Stanley". Encyclopædia Britannica. 23 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 56.