Charles Spence Bate

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Charles Spence Bate, FRS (March 16, 1819, Truro, Cornwall – July 29, 1889, Devon) was a British zoologist and dentist.


He was born at Trenick House near Truro, the son of Charles Bate (1789–1872) and Harriet Spence (1788–1879).[1] Charles adopted "Spence Bate" as his surname, perhaps to distinguish himself from his father, and used that name consistently in his publications; it was also used consistently by his contemporaries to refer to him.[1]

He practiced dentistry first at Swansea, and then at Plymouth, taking over his father's practice.[2] He was president of the Odontology Society.[3]

He was an authority on the Crustacea, for which he was elected a fellow of the Royal Society in 1861,[3] and a frequent correspondent of Charles Darwin, mostly concerning their shared interest in barnacles. Together with John Obadiah Westwood, he wrote "A history of the British sessile-eyed Crustacea" in 1868. He wrote reports on the crustaceans collected during the HMS Challenger expedition of 1872-1876.

He died on 29 July 1889, at The Rock, South Brent, Devon and was buried in Plymouth cemetery. [3]


On 17 June 1847, at Littlehempston church, near Totnes, he married Emily Amelia, daughter of John Hele and sister of the Rev. Henry Hele, the rector; she died on 4 April 1884, leaving two sons and a daughter. Bate married for a second time in October 1887.[4]


A number of species are named in his honour:[5]


  1. ^ a b S. De Grave & C. H. J. M. Fransen (2011). "Carideorum Catalogus: the Recent species of the dendrobranchiate, stenopodidean, procarididean and caridean shrimps (Crustacea: Decapoda)". Zoologische Mededelingen. 85 (9): 195–589, figs. 1–59. ISBN 978-90-6519-200-4. Archived from the original on 2012-12-20. 
  2. ^ Anonymous (1889). "Obituary: Charles Spence Bate, L.D.S.R.C.S. Engl., F.R.S., etc.". Geological Magazine. 6 (11): 526–528. doi:10.1017/S0016756800189654. 
  3. ^ a b c "Library and Archive Catalogue". Royal Society. Retrieved 2012-03-14. [permanent dead link]
  4. ^ Courtney 1901.
  5. ^ Hans G. Hansson. "Charles Spence Bate". Biographical Etymology of Marine Organism Names. Göteborgs Universitet. Retrieved June 5, 2010. 

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainCourtney, William Prideaux (1901). "Bate, Charles Spence". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography, 1901 supplement​. London: Smith, Elder & Co.