Yezo sika deer

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Yezo sika deer
A young Yezo sika stag near Wakkanai, Hokkaido.
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Cervidae
Subfamily: Cervinae
Genus: Cervus
Species: C. nippon
Subspecies: C. n. yesoensis
Trinomial name
Cervus nippon yesoensis
Heude, 1884

The Yezo sika deer (Cervus nippon yesoensis) is one of the many subspecies of the sika deer. The sika that inhabit the island of Hokkaido are indigenous, although it is not known whether they originated there or migrated from the main island of Japan. Is it thought they may have traveled across the strait between the islands. The indigenous Ainu people of Hokkaido have hunted them for centuries and relied on them as a major food source.

The Hokkaido sika one is the largest of the sika species with large stags approaching and sometimes exceeding 200 kg in the fall.[1] They also sport the largest antlers with lengths often over 35 inches with the longest recorded specimen being 44 inches. By SCI measurement the Hokkaido sika produces the highest scores, although very few have been listed.


  1. ^ Sika Deer: Biology and Management of Native and Introduced Populations. Springer Science & Business Media. 2008. p. 28 – via Google Books.