PBS defined this classification as "Riders with upper or lower limb impairments and moderate to severe neurological disfunction." The Telegraph defined this classification in 2011 as "C 1–5: Athletes with cerebral palsy, limb impairments and amputitions."
In September 2006, governance for para-cycling passed from the International Paralympic Committee's International Cycling Committee to UCI at a meeting in Switzerland. When this happened, the responsibility of classifying the sport also changed.
At the Paralympic Games
For the 2016 Summer Paralympics in Rio, the International Paralympic Committee had a zero classification at the Games policy. This policy was put into place in 2014, with the goal of avoiding last minute changes in classes that would negatively impact athlete training preparations. All competitors needed to be internationally classified with their classification status confirmed prior to the Games, with exceptions to this policy being dealt with on a case by case basis.
Classification is handled by Union Cycliste Internationale. Classification for the UCI Para-Cycling World Championships is completed by at least two classification panels. Members of the classification panel must not have a relationship with the cyclist and must not be involved in the World Championships in any other role than as classifier. In national competitions, the classification is handled by the national cycling federation. Classification often has three components: physical, technical and observation assessment.
This classification has UCI rankings for elite competitors.
- "UCI Para-cycling Classification Guide". UCI. 17 April 2012. p. 4.
- "Competition at the Highest Levels, Cycling". Cycling. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
- "London 2012 Paralympics: Road cycling guide". London: The Telegraph. 2011. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
- "Cycling". Australian Paralympic Committee. 2012. Archived from the original on 14 August 2016.
- "Para-cycling High Performance". Australia: Cycling Australia. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
- "Rio 2016 Classification Guide" (PDF). International Paralympic Committee. International Paralympic Committee. March 2016. Retrieved July 22, 2016.
- "Guide to the Paralympic Games – Appendix 1" (PDF). London Organising Committee of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. 2011. p. 42. Retrieved 9 April 2012.
- "UCI Para-cycling Classification Guide". UCI. 17 April 2012. p. 5.
- "Ranking – PARA – Cycling 2012". Union Cycliste Internationale. June 2012. Archived from the original on 13 June 2012. Retrieved 14 June 2012.