From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

  • LTS Rail Limited (1996–2000)
  • c2c Rail Limited (2000–2014)
  • NXET Trains Limited (2014–2017)
  • Trenitalia c2c Limited (2017–present)
C2c logo.svg
C2c route map 2010.svg
c2c route in London and Essex
357317 at Southend East.jpg
Class 357 Electrostar used for all services
  • London, Tilbury & Southend: 26 May 1996 – 8 November 2014
  • Essex Thameside: 9 November 2014 – 18 July 2021
Contract(s)Essex Thameside: 19 July 2021 – 23 July 2023
Main route(s)Fenchurch Street to Shoeburyness
Other route(s)
Fleet size
Stations called at28
Stations operated25
Parent company
HeadquartersCutlers Court, 115 Houndsditch, London
Reporting markCC
Dates of operation26 May 1996 (1996-05-26)
PredecessorNetwork SouthEast
Length125.5 kilometres (78.0 mi)
Websitewww.c2c-online.co.uk Edit this at Wikidata
Route map

Limited services

Fenchurch Street
Liverpool Street
London Underground London Overground Elizabeth line
Docklands Light Railway Limehouse
Stratford London Underground Docklands Light Railway North London line Elizabeth line
London Underground Docklands Light Railway West Ham
Barking London Underground Gospel Oak to Barking line
Dagenham Dock
Upminster London Underground London Overground
Chafford Hundred
West Horndon
Tilbury Town
East Tilbury
Southend Central
Southend East
Thorpe Bay

c2c (legal name Trenitalia c2c Limited) is a British train operating company owned by Trenitalia that operates the Essex Thameside railway contract. It manages 25 stations and its trains call at 28. c2c provides commuter services from its London Fenchurch Street terminus to parts of East London and south Essex along the London, Tilbury and Southend line. At weekends it also operates from London Liverpool Street.

The company began operating as LTS Rail in May 1996 under the ownership of Prism Rail, which had been awarded the London, Tilbury & Southend railway franchise as part of the privatisation of British Rail. LTS Rail rebranded as c2c in 2000 and Prism Rail was bought by National Express later that year. National Express was awarded a second franchise in 2014. It sold c2c to the Italian operator Trenitalia in February 2017. The service has been run as a rail contract since 19 July 2021.


First franchise (1996–2014)[edit]

LTS Rail[edit]

The London, Tilbury and Southend franchise was created as part of the privatisation of British Rail. In December 1995 the franchise was awarded to a management buyout and handover was due to happen on 4 February 1996. However, on 1 February 1996 ticketing and settlement irregularities were discovered and the other shortlisted bidders were invited to tender again.[1][2][3] In May 1996, the franchise was awarded to Prism Rail by the Director of Passenger Rail Franchising for 15 years. It began operating as LTS Rail on 26 May 1996.[4] The franchise period could be reduced to seven years if the operator did not fulfil bid commitments to replace rolling stock with new trains.[1]

Passenger numbers increased above forecasts which caused overcrowding as trains reached capacity at peak times.[5] In 1998 the franchise was renegotiated to provide for the elimination of slam-door rolling stock and increased fleet by March 2002, increased staffing of stations, real-time passenger information system, improved security measures, improved station facilities for disabled people, increased cycle storage and pedestrian access from Chafford Hundred railway station to Lakeside Shopping Centre.[6]

LTS Rail started serving West Ham station from 14 May 1999 to coincide with the opening of the Jubilee line extension. Peak services were restricted at West Ham, because of limitations of the signalling system. These were eliminated in time for the December 2011 timetable change ahead of the 2012 Summer Olympics.[7]

The business was rebranded as c2c on 2 July 2000.[8] To coincide with the rebranding, the company website was launched on 16 June 2000.[9] The company name was changed from LTS Rail Limited to c2c Rail Limited.

National Express[edit]

In July 2000, c2c was included in the sale of Prism Rail to National Express.[10][11] The merger of the companies was completed on 19 September 2000.[12] National Express combined the management and support functions of c2c, Silverlink, WAGN and Stansted Express in a single organisation called London Lines in March 2001.[13]

Fenchurch Street station management transferred from c2c to Network Rail in March 2002.[14]

In January 2005, it was announced that an on-train television service would be tried out, and one unit had television installed. In June 2006, the 360 On-Board Television service ran into financial difficulties when c2c's partner in the project, TNCI (UK), ceased trading, and the service was withdrawn. c2c indicated it would restart the roll-out should a suitable partner be found.[15]

In June 2006, it was announced that portable X-ray machines and metal detectors would be randomly placed at stations and carried by officers on trains during summer 2006 to catch people carrying weapons, in a joint operation with Essex Police and British Transport Police, following trials at London Underground stations.[16]

A peak timetable introduced on 11 December 2006, with the aim of improving services for the Thurrock and London Riverside sections of the Thames Gateway, was withdrawn on 8 January 2007 after a campaign by passengers as a result of delays and cancellations that affected other lines on the network.[17][18] c2c agreed in 2006 to work with Passenger Focus to establish a passenger panel.[19]

In October 2007, c2c announced that the first coach of each unit would be made a Quiet Zone, where passengers are asked not to use their mobile phones or play music out loud.[20] The Quiet Zone was introduced in early 2008 and is indicated by magenta vinyl stickers on the doors of the coach.[21]

In October 2007, c2c announced that it had switched to renewably-generated electricity in all its stations, maintenance facilities and offices in a contract with E.ON UK, said to be the largest of its kind in the transport sector.[22]

The franchise was originally due to conclude on 26 May 2011. In December 2010, the Department for Transport (DfT) granted National Express an extension until 26 May 2013 to allow DfT time to conduct a review of the franchising process.[23] In March 2013, the Secretary of State for Transport announced the franchise would again be extended until 13 September 2014.[24] A further delay saw this extended until 8 November 2014.

Second franchise (2014–2021)[edit]

On 9 November 2014, National Express was awarded the new 15-year Essex Thameside franchise, having successfully tendered against Abellio, FirstGroup and MTR Corporation.[25][26] The c2c brand was retained for the new operator, NXET Trains Limited, which replaced c2c Rail Limited.[27][28] Management of Fenchurch Street station transferred from Network Rail to c2c.[14]

In December 2015, c2c introduced a new timetable to reflect long-term changes in passenger numbers at stations on the line.[29] Consultation responses to the draft timetable published in October 2014 indicated dissatisfaction with many of the proposed changes.[30] c2c was criticised for putting the interests of "one-stop hoppers" (passengers travelling between Barking and West Ham) above those who travel further on the line.[31]


In February 2017 National Express sold c2c to Trenitalia.[32][33][34] c2c was the only remaining National Express operated UK rail franchise, down from a peak of nine in 2003.[35] The company name was changed to Trenitalia c2c Limited.

On 1 April 2017, c2c introduced a new on-board WiFi service free to all customers. Also, it has an on-board entertainment service called Vista. c2c has partnered with Now TV to provide free television shows available to stream for c2c passengers.[36]

During the summer of 2019 c2c ran an hourly weekend limited stop service between Fenchurch Street and Shoeburyess.[37] The new service coincided with the weekend extension of Fenchurch Street to Southend Central via Ockendon trains to Shoeburyness, providing a seven trains per hour service between Shoeburyness and Benfleet on Saturdays and a five trains per hour service on Sundays.[38]

In September 2019 it was announced that c2c had invested more than £10 million into a new self service ticketing system with a user-friendly self-service interface developed with Voodoo Park. The interface is completely web-based and can be remotely repaired.[39] The ticket machines installed in 2019 are from the Italian company Sigma Spa.[40]

On 23 September 2019, c2c announced that it would be removing the first-to-last staffing at some stations and reducing ticket-office opening hours.[39]

On 31 March 2020 Trenitalia and the Department for Transport entered into an emergency measures agreement to vary the terms of the franchise agreement during the COVID-19 pandemic.[41] This took effect on 1 April 2020 and lasted until 20 September 2020. On 19 September 2020 Trenitalia and the Department for Transport entered into an emergency recovery measures agreement.[42] This was a precursor to the replacement of the franchise agreement with a rail contract.[43]

Rail contract (2021–present)[edit]

On 19 July 2021 the franchise agreement was replaced with a rail contract, which expires on 23 July 2023.[44][45]

The timetable was amended in May 2022 to accommodate the London Overground extension to Barking Riverside, [46] the extension having started running in July 2022 as a spur from the Tilbury loop line east of Barking, sharing infrastructure with c2c services.

c2c is one of several train operators impacted by the 2022–2023 United Kingdom railway strikes, which was the first national rail strike in the UK for three decades.[47] Its workers are amongst those who are participating in industrial action owing to a dispute over pay and working conditions.[48]

Branding and marketing[edit]

LTS Rail logo used prior to the rebrand

The c2c name could be conceived to represent "city to coast" or "capital to coast", reflecting the nature of the route, or "commitment to customers".[49]

The c2c website stated:

The name c2c doesn't mean anything specific. In a sense it can mean anything you want it to. Its uniqueness reflects the young, vibrant character of the people we serve. c2c could stand for coast to capital, or capital to coast. From our point of view, one of the most important things it stands for is commitment to customers.

National Express also referred to the c2c route as City to Coast.[50] c2c used the slogan "way2go", but later used the "Making travel simpler" slogan also used by other National Express companies.


Class 357 Electrostar at Limehouse station in August 2007 in the original livery


c2c operates passenger services on the London, Tilbury and Southend line from Fenchurch Street in the City of London to Shoeburyness in Essex, a distance of 39 miles 40 chains (63.57 km).[51] The main line operates via Basildon with a loop line via Tilbury and a branch line via Ockendon. c2c trains connect Central London with East London and the northern Thames Gateway area of southern Essex. As of the December 2022 timetable, the main route from Fenchurch Street to Shoeburyness has a fastest timetabled journey of 58 minutes, although this is achieved by only a few trains in the peak.[52] The line has a speed limit of 75 mph (121 km/h), although the Class 357 Electrostar trains are capable of 100 mph (160 km/h).[53] To meet a 2014 franchise commitment, since the December 2015 timetable change most services between Fenchurch Street and Barking at peak times call at all stations, including Limehouse and West Ham.[29]

London terminus[edit]

Most c2c services operate from Fenchurch Street railway station

As of December 2022, c2c runs two London–Shoeburyness services an hour at weekends that instead of calling at West Ham, Limehouse and Fenchurch Street are diverted from Barking to Stratford and Liverpool Street.[52] This enables c2c passengers to access Westfield Stratford City and the London Stadium directly. The alternative route is also used when engineering work or disruption blocks access to Fenchurch Street. This route runs over part of the London Overground Gospel Oak to Barking line and the Elizabeth line. c2c trains pass through Maryland, Forest Gate and Woodgrange Park stations without stopping.


c2c serves a total of 28 stations. 25 of the stations are managed by c2c. West Ham and Stratford stations are managed by the London Underground and Liverpool Street station is managed by Network Rail. There are interchanges with the London Underground District line at Fenchurch Street (via out of station transfer with Tower Hill), West Ham, Barking and Upminster. The Circle line has interchanges at Liverpool Street and Fenchurch Street (via Tower Hill). The Hammersmith and City line has interchanges at Liverpool Street, West Ham and Barking. The Jubilee line has interchanges at West Ham and Stratford. The Central line has interchanges at Liverpool Street and Stratford. The Docklands Light Railway has interchanges at Fenchurch Street (via Tower Gateway), Limehouse, Stratford and West Ham. The Elizabeth line has interchanges at Liverpool Street and Stratford. The London Overground has interchanges at Liverpool Street, Stratford, Barking and Upminster.[54]


As of December 2022 the off-peak service Monday–Friday is as follows:[52]

London, Tilbury and Southend line
Route tph Calling at
Fenchurch Street to Shoeburyness via Basildon 2
Fenchurch Street to Southend Central via Ockendon 2
Fenchurch Street to Grays via Rainham 2

Future services[edit]

Beam Park Station, a new station, will eventually become part of the c2c Network, between Dagenham Dock and Rainham.


c2c has issued tickets for travel to National Rail ITSO smartcards branded 'c2c Smart' since 3 November 2014.[55]

Through historic agreement there is interavailable ticketing with the London Underground between Fenchurch Street/Tower Hill and Upminster, with the fares set by Transport for London.[56] Since January 2004 the pay-as-you-go product on Oyster card has been available at stations between Fenchurch Street/Liverpool Street and Upminster.[57] It was extended to Dagenham Dock and Rainham in 2008.[58] In January 2010 it was extended to Chafford Hundred, Grays, Ockendon and Purfleet.[59] Pay-as-you-go payment by contactless bank card or smartphone is available at all stations between Fenchurch Street/Liverpool Street and Grays.[54]

Rolling stock[edit]

Slam-door replacement[edit]

LTS Rail inherited a fleet of slam-door electric multiple unit Class 302, Class 310 and Class 312 trainsets from Network SouthEast. The original franchise agreement was for 25 sliding door trainsets (consisting of 100 carriages) to be transferred from West Anglia Great Northern (WAGN) and for 44 new trains (consisting of 176 carriages) to be ordered by the company.[60] LTS Rail ordered 44 Class 357 Electrostar units in 1997, to be leased from Porterbrook.[61] The most elderly Class 302 units were removed from regular service on 4 July 1998, with some sets retained as spares in case of stock shortages.[62] By November 1998, WAGN had released 17 Class 317 units. However, both companies were experiencing an unexpected increase in passenger numbers and WAGN was unable to release more vehicles.[63]

The franchise agreement was renegotiated in November 1998 to replace the entire LTS Rail fleet with new vehicles, allowing for the return of the Class 317s to WAGN and the planned elimination of slam-door stock by March 2002.[6] The first Class 357 train was delivered in 1999.[64] A second batch of 28 Class 357 units was ordered in December 1999, to be leased from Angel Trains.[65] This satisfied a franchise commitment to increase the fleet by 3 units. Reliability problems with the new trains led to their withdrawal from service at peak times in October 2000.[66] By way of compensation, two additional units were added to the first order for free by the supplier Adtranz.[67] In 2003, c2c became the first train operating company to have replaced its entire fleet with new accessible trains. The last slam-door Class 312 service ran on 29 March 2003.[68]

In March 2007, after extensive trials, c2c began fitting regenerative braking to its fleet, becoming the first UK train operator to do so.[69] On 3 June 2007, the eve of World Environment Day, one train was given an all-over green vinyl sticker livery with the slogan "All c2c trains are greener now – find out more at – www.c2c-online.co.uk – c2c – the greener way to go" to highlight the completion of the scheme, which the company says has enabled energy savings of up to 20%.[70]

With a few Class 357s being out of service at the same time, from late 2006 two Class 321s were hired from Silverlink for three months for weekday peak-hour use between Fenchurch Street and Laindon, and Pitsea via Rainham, to cover for the unavailable units.

In June 2009, Bombardier began repainting the Class 357 units.[71] The vinyl wraps carrying the original purplish blue and magenta c2c livery were removed and the units reliveried in white with dark blue doors.[71] The last blue liveried train ran on 5 March 2011.[72]

Overcrowding relief[edit]

c2c passenger numbers 2011 – 2019 Q2 (rolling 12 month figure)[73][74]

As part of the new 2014 franchise, c2c committed to leasing new trains to cope with rising passenger numbers, which were boosted especially by the opening of the Docklands Light Railway station at West Ham in 2011 and the rise of Canary Wharf as a financial centre.[75]

The Class 357 trains had been introduced with high density 3+2 seating, consisting of 282 seats and space for 124 standing, giving a total capacity of 406 passengers per four carriage unit. In late 2015 c2c adapted 20% of its carriages into a "Metro" configuration with seats removed around doorways and in the aisle to provide a 2+2 layout. The Metro configuration consists of 222 seats, space for 334 standing, and a total passenger capacity of 556 per four carriage unit.[76] This addressed the issue of the high volumes of passengers using c2c to travel to/from West Ham and Barking, which, with Upminster, are served by the parallel London Underground service. In the evening peak, these passengers can displace those eastbound passengers who use more easterly and less well-served stations.[77]

In early 2016, c2c announced that it would lease additional trains to relieve overcrowding.[78] This led to its leasing six Class 387s for three years from Porterbrook to increase capacity on the busiest services.[79][80] The first entered service in November 2016.[81]

Current fleet[edit]

The c2c fleet is maintained at East Ham Depot and Shoeburyness Depot.

Family Class Image Type Top speed Number Cars Routes operated Built
mph km/h
Bombardier Electrostar 357 357317 at Southend East.jpg EMU 100 161 74 4 C2c Class 357 White.png
Fenchurch Street/Liverpool Street ↔ Grays/Southend Central/Shoeburyness 1999–2002

Future fleet[edit]

In December 2017, c2c announced an order with Porterbrook for six ten-car Class 720/6 Aventra electric multiple units. The new units are scheduled for delivery between mid and late 2021, meaning they will all be in service three years earlier than the initial planned phased introduction period.[82] The first 720/6 was delivered to c2c on 19 April 2022, and the fleet was due to enter service in 2022.[83]

The order was later changed to 12 5-car units. These new units were planned to replace the allocation of six four-car Class 387 units, which c2c was operating on a short-term lease.

On 6 October 2022, the Southend Echo newspaper quoted a c2c spokesman as saying that "Our 720 class trains are currently undergoing rigorous testing. We will update our customers as soon as we have more information as to when they will be entering passenger service on the c2c route.”[84]

Family Class Image Type Top speed Number Cars Routes operated Built In service
mph km/h
Bombardier Aventra 720/6[85] 720606 5Q93.jpg EMU 100 161 12 5 Fenchurch Street/Liverpool Street ↔ Grays/Southend Central/Shoeburyness 2022[86] 2022 (planned)[83]

Former fleet[edit]

Below is a table of former units operated by c2c.

Family Class Image Type Top speed Number Cars Routes operated Built Left fleet
mph km/h
Bombardier Electrostar 387/3 Thatcham - c2c 387306 approaching from Newbury.JPG EMU 110 177 6 4 C2c Class 387-3.png
Fenchurch Street/Liverpool Street ↔ Grays/Southend Central/Shoeburyness 2016 2022[87]


As of 31 March 2022, the statistical performance of c2c is as follows. Between April 2021 and March 2022, there were 28.1 million passenger journeys (up from 15 million in 2020/2021 and down from 47.3 million in 2019/2020). Passengers travelled 622 million kilometres in 2021/22 (up from 329 million kilometres in 2020/2021 and down from 1,201 million kilometres in 2019/2020). In 2021/2022 trains travelled in service for 6 million kilometres (unchanged from 2020/2021 and down from 7.2 million kilometres in 2019/2020). There were 104,283 trains planned to run in service in 2021/2022 (up from 101,145 in 2020/2021 and down from 123,355 in 2019/2020). The percentage of trains on time in 2021/2022 was 83.4% (down from 84.9% in 2020/2021 and up from 82.5% in 2019/2020). 1.3% of planned services were cancelled in 2021/2022 (up from 1.0% in 2020/2021 and down from 1.6% in 2019/2020). c2c has 633.4 full-time equivalent employees (lowest level over the last five years). c2c operates on 125.5 kilometres of route (unchanged). c2c manages 25 stations (unchanged).[88]


  1. ^ a b "Office of Passenger Rail Franchising:The award of the first three passenger rail franchises". National Audit Office. 16 October 1996. Retrieved 5 February 2023.
  2. ^ Routledge, Paul (4 February 1996). "Inquiry into ticket fraud stalls rail sell-off". The Independent. London.
  3. ^ Wolmar, Christian (5 February 1996). "Government orders rail fraud inquiry". The Independent. London.
  4. ^ Grimond, Magnus (30 May 1996). "Soaring Prism renews rail sale attack". The Independent. London.
  5. ^ "Action to improve passenger rail services" (PDF). National Audit Office. 3 August 2000. Retrieved 5 February 2023.
  6. ^ a b "Improvement for Passengers on LTS Rail". Office of Passenger Rail Franchising. 11 November 1998. Archived from the original on 13 November 1998. Retrieved 30 January 2023.
  7. ^ "Essex Thameside Franchise Consultation" (PDF). Department for Transport. February 2012. Retrieved 29 January 2023.
  8. ^ "LTS Rail relaunches as c2c" Rail issue 386 28 June 2000 page 4
  9. ^ "New website for new rail company c2c". c2c-online.co.uk. 19 June 2000. Archived from the original on 2 December 2000. Retrieved 3 February 2023.
  10. ^ Osborne, Alistair (19 July 2000). "National Express buys Prism for £166m". The Daily Telegraph. London.
  11. ^ Harper, Keith (19 July 2000). "National Express buys Prism for £166m". The Guardian. London.
  12. ^ "Base Prospectus: National Express" (PDF). Merrill Corporation. 21 December 2009. Retrieved 3 February 2023.
  13. ^ "Annual Report 2001" (PDF). National Express. 2002. Retrieved 8 February 2023.
  14. ^ a b "Station Licence granted to Network Rail Infrastructure Limited" (PDF). Office of Rail and Road. 2019. Retrieved 1 February 2023.
  15. ^ "TV on Trains – Trials Stopped" (Press release). c2c. 20 June 2006. Archived from the original on 15 May 2008. Retrieved 19 July 2008.
  16. ^ "Railway passengers to be scanned". BBC News. 6 June 2006. Retrieved 19 July 2008.
  17. ^ "Morning and evening weekday peak schedules to return to previous patterns as c2c restores old timetable". c2c. 3 January 2007. Archived from the original on 11 February 2009. Retrieved 19 July 2008.
  18. ^ Pritchard, Rob (3 January 2007). "Old c2c timetable back on Monday". Southend Echo. Retrieved 19 July 2008.
  19. ^ "c2c's timetable consultation – Passenger Focus report". Passenger Focus. 24 August 2006. Retrieved 6 February 2023.
  20. ^ Consumer Deals (29 October 2007). "The Unofficial c2c Rail Info Site". Archived from the original on 8 October 2011. Retrieved 19 July 2008.
  21. ^ "Quiet Zone". c2c. 2008. Archived from the original on 9 May 2008. Retrieved 19 July 2008.
  22. ^ "c2c switches to renewable energy sources" (Press release). c2c. 2 October 2007. Archived from the original on 5 July 2008. Retrieved 19 July 2008.
  23. ^ "c2c extension awarded to National Express". Railnews. Stevenage. 23 December 2010.
  24. ^ "Railway plan puts new focus on passengers" Secretary of State for Transport statement 26 March 2013
  25. ^ "Bidders to oversee improvements on rail franchises announced" (Press release). Department for Transport. 29 March 2012.
  26. ^ "C2c awarded 15-year Essex Thameside rail franchise". BBC News. 27 June 2014. Retrieved 27 June 2014.
  27. ^ Companies House extract company no 7897267 Trenitalia c2c Limited formerly NXET Trains Limited
  28. ^ Companies House extract company no 2938993 c2c Rail Limited
  29. ^ a b "Your Questions on the New Timetable Answered". c2c. Archived from the original on 28 November 2018. Retrieved 27 November 2018.
  30. ^ "Proposed c2c Timetable for December 2015: Consultation Report" (PDF). c2c-online.co.uk. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 March 2015. Retrieved 7 February 2023.
  31. ^ Jones, Philip (17 December 2015). "Commuter outrage shocks c2c boss". Echo. Basildon. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  32. ^ "National Express to sell c2c to Italian railways". Railnews. 11 January 2017. Retrieved 11 January 2017.
  33. ^ "Acquisition of c2c franchise by Trenitalia" (Press release). National Express. 11 January 2017. Archived from the original on 26 January 2018. Retrieved 18 January 2017.
  34. ^ Trenitalia completes c2c acquisition Railway Gazette International 13 February 2017
  35. ^ "Annual Report 2002" (PDF). National Express. 13 March 2003.
  36. ^ "Free onboard WiFi and entertainment - Trains to/from London, Southend & Essex with c2c Rail". www.c2c-online.co.uk. Archived from the original on 14 April 2017. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  37. ^ Holden, Michael (1 March 2019). "London to Southend in less than 45 minutes… at weekends?". RailAdvent. Retrieved 2 February 2023.
  38. ^ Longhorn, Danny (27 February 2019). "London-Southend in under 45 minutes on new fast c2c weekend trains". RailBusinessDaily. Retrieved 2 February 2023.
  39. ^ a b "c2c consultation on ticket office opening hours | Trains to/from London, Southend & Essex with c2c Rail" (Press release). c2c. 22 September 2019. Retrieved 24 September 2019.
  40. ^ "London – Sigma Spa and Trenitalia C2C Ltd have successfully signed an MSA". Sigma Spa. 3 September 2018. Retrieved 22 March 2022.
  41. ^ "Emergency Measures Agreement in respect of the Franchise Agreement dated 15 July 2014" (PDF). Department for Transport. 31 March 2020. Retrieved 2 February 2023.
  42. ^ "Emergency Recovery Measures Agreement" (PDF). Department for Transport. 19 September 2020. Retrieved 2 February 2023.
  43. ^ Ilaria Grasso Macola. "Explained: the end of the rail franchising system in the UK". Railway-technology.com. Retrieved 2 February 2023.
  44. ^ "Trenitalia c2c Limited 2021: rail contract" (PDF). Department for Transport. 19 July 2021. Retrieved 5 March 2023.
  45. ^ "Trenitalia c2c Limited 2021: business plan commitments" (PDF). Department for Transport. Retrieved 29 January 2023.
  46. ^ "Timetable change 15 May". April 2022. Retrieved 2 February 2023.
  47. ^ "Rail strike: RMT union votes for national action". BBC News. 24 May 2022. Retrieved 24 May 2022.
  48. ^ "The dates of the train, Tube and bus strikes this week, and how services will be affected". inews.co.uk. 20 June 2022. Retrieved 24 June 2022.
  49. ^ Track Off. "Railways Today". Archived from the original on 19 June 2008. Retrieved 19 July 2008.
  50. ^ "Unternehmen". National Express Rail GmbH. Retrieved 26 January 2016.
  51. ^ Padgett, David (October 2016) [1988]. Brailsford, Martyn (ed.). Railway Track Diagrams 2: Eastern (4th ed.). Frome: Trackmaps. map 3C. ISBN 978-0-9549866-8-1.
  52. ^ a b c "c2c Train Times Valid from 11 December 2022 until further notice" (PDF). c2c. 11 December 2022. Retrieved 29 January 2023.
  53. ^ Marius, Callum (21 July 2022). "London trains: c2c unveils rebound plans after weeks of strike action and violent attack on staff". MyLondon. Retrieved 1 February 2023.
  54. ^ a b "c2c route map" (PDF). c2c. September 2022. Retrieved 1 February 2023.
  55. ^ Clinnick, Richard (4 November 2014). "c2c launches new smart card". RAIL Magazine. Bauer Consumer Media Ltd. Retrieved 30 January 2023.
  56. ^ "TfL fare scale on National Rail". WhatDoTheyKnow. 21 February 2019. Retrieved 30 January 2023.
  57. ^ Your Guide to Oyster. Transport for London. 2004.
  58. ^ "Using Oyster PAYG on c2c". c2c. 2 January 2008. Archived from the original on 17 July 2009. Retrieved 30 July 2009.
  59. ^ "January 2010 Fare Changes" (PDF). Greater London Authority. 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 March 2013. Retrieved 27 November 2015.
  60. ^ "Class 317s for LTS" Rail issue 296 15 January 1997 page 9
  61. ^ "Adtranz wins £200 million order for new trains on 'Misery Line'" Rail issue 307 18 June 1997 page 6
  62. ^ "Volume 44". Class 302 Gone?. Electric Railway Society Journal. 1999. p. 18.
  63. ^ "No more sliding-door trains for LTS as WAGN keeps last Class 317s" Rail issue 345 2 December 1998 page 13
  64. ^ "First LTS Electrostar Class 357 delivered: Rail issue 358 2 June 1999 page 45
  65. ^ "£80m Train Order for LTS Rail". Prism Rail PLC. 21 December 1999. Retrieved 4 February 2023.
  66. ^ "Progress on c2c's new train fleet". c2c-online.co.uk. 12 March 2001. Archived from the original on 18 November 2001. Retrieved 3 February 2023.
  67. ^ "Volume 148". The Railway Magazine. 2002. p. 31.
  68. ^ "Farewell 312's". c2c-online.co.uk. 25 March 2003. Archived from the original on 6 October 2003. Retrieved 3 February 2023.
  69. ^ "c2c takes the lead in energy saving train travel" (Press release). c2c. 3 June 2007. Archived from the original on 11 May 2008. Retrieved 19 July 2008.
  70. ^ "Green Credentials". c2c. 4 June 2007. Archived from the original on 9 May 2008. Retrieved 19 July 2008.
  71. ^ a b "c2c Commuter News – June 2009" (PDF). c2c. June 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 December 2010. Retrieved 14 August 2009.
  72. ^ "'Last Blue Train' takes to the c2c rails". Rail UK. 2011. Retrieved 3 February 2023.
  73. ^ "ORR passenger numbers by train operating company". ORR.
  74. ^ "Display Report | Office of Rail Regulation - National Rail Trends Portal". Archived from the original on 15 November 2017. Retrieved 26 June 2017.
  75. ^ "c2c: The Timetables, They Are A Changin'". London Reconnections. 3 February 2016.
  76. ^ "Essex Thameside Study" (PDF). Network Rail. July 2020. Retrieved 15 February 2023.
  77. ^ "c2c New trains". Archived from the original on 15 March 2016. Retrieved 11 March 2016.
  78. ^ "Package of changes to improve peak services - Trains to/from London, Southend & Essex with c2c Rail". www.c2c-online.co.uk. Archived from the original on 21 October 2018. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  79. ^ "Brand-new carriages in production in Derby - Trains to/from London, Southend & Essex with c2c Rail". www.c2c-online.co.uk. Archived from the original on 21 October 2018. Retrieved 21 October 2018.
  80. ^ c2c Electrostar EMUs under construction Railway Gazette International 5 July 2016
  81. ^ Essex Thameside EMU tender launched as Class 387s enter service International Railway Journal 16 November 2016
  82. ^ Briginshaw, David (14 December 2017). "Britain's c2c franchise orders Aventra EMUs". International Rail Journal. Retrieved 29 December 2017.
  83. ^ a b "🎉 Here's a sneaky peak at one of our brand new trains. One has arrived at our depot from the factory today, this 720 will be used for training and will be coming into passenger service later in the year. Keep your eyes peeled, you may just see it out and about!". Twitter. @c2c_Rail. Retrieved 27 April 2022.
  84. ^ England, Sophie (6 October 2022). "No date in sight for new speedy c2c trains to replace 'outdated' carriages". Southend Echo. Retrieved 30 January 2023.
  85. ^ 720s for c2c Modern Railways issue 857 February 2020 page 84
  86. ^ "60 Class 720s now accepted". Today's Railways UK. No. 243. May 2022. p. 67.
  87. ^ "More '387s' for GTR". Modern Railways. No. August 2022. p. 101.
  88. ^ "TOC Key Statistics (April 2021 to March 2022): c2c" (PDF). Office of Rail and Road. 28 July 2022. Retrieved 15 February 2023.

External links[edit]

New creation Operator of London, Tilbury & Southend franchise
New creation Operator of Essex Thameside franchise
2014 – 2021
New creation Operator of Essex Thameside rail contract
2021 – 2023