C3 (railcar)

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LIRR bi-level coaches.jpg
C3 Bi-level coaches at grade crossing in Bethpage.
LIRR C3 5019 on Train 6506.jpg
C3 cab car 5019
Manufacturer Kawasaki Rail Car, Inc.[1]
Replaced all C1 bi-levels
Constructed 1997-1999
Entered service Fall 1998
Number built 134 cars
C car with toilet, 23
T cars (no toilets), 67
TT car with toilet, 44
Fleet numbers C car, 5001-5023
T car, 4002-4134
(even numbers))
TT car, 4001-4087
(odd numbers)
Capacity Seated passengers[1][2]
C car, 137
T car, 143
TT car 137
Operator(s) Long Island Rail Road
Car length 85 ft 0 in (25,910 mm)
Width 9 ft 10.5 in (3,010 mm)
Height 14 ft 5.59 in (4,409 mm)
Maximum speed 100 mph (161 km/h)
Weight C Car,
148,771 lb (67,481 kg)
T Car,
141,375 lb (64,127 kg)
TT Car,
144,338 lb (65,471 kg)
Power supply 480 V AC 60 Hz
Electric system(s) HEP (From locomotive)
Current collection method Jumper cables
Coupling system Type H tightlock knuckle coupler

The C3 is a bi-level coach railroad car built by Kawasaki. These cars began delivery in 1997, ordered by the Metropolitan Transportation Authority for the Long Island Rail Road. The rail cars are pulled by EMD DE30AC and EMD DM30AC over both electrified and non-electrified territory.[3]

The C3 cars are powered by 480 V AC Head End Power (HEP) supplied from the locomotive through four train lines. The 480 VAC HEP is supplied to the HVAC system, low voltage power supply, and 240 V AC single-phase transformer, and the 120 V AC three-phase transformer. The low voltage power supply provides 74 V DC power for the doors, communications, toilet, and control circuits.[2][3]

There are three types of C3 cars: cab car with toilet (C Car), trailer car (T Car), and trailer car with toilet (TT car). The C car is normally at the opposite end of a consist from the locomotive. The T and TT cars are always between two locomotives or between a locomotive and a C car. The C3 cars can be operated at speeds of up to 100 mph in push and/or pull operation. All cars within a consist must be facing the same direction.[1][2][3]

The cars are connected to one another by a mechanical type H tightlock knuckle coupler. All trainlined electrical connections between the cars are made through six trainline jumper cables. Air connections between the cars are made through two air hoses, brake pipe and main reservoir.[2][3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Kawasaki LIRR BI-Level from Kawasaki Rail Car Inc. Website
  2. ^ a b c d BI-LEVEL C-3 CARS Operator's Manual, Transit Documentation Consultants, Jan 2000
  3. ^ a b c d <--Kawasaki Rail Car Inc.,-->

External links[edit]