C9 League

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C9 League
Simplified Chinese 九校联盟
Traditional Chinese 九校聯盟
C9 Members' logo

The C9 League is an alliance of nine top universities in mainland China, analogous to the Ivy League Universities in the United States, the Russell Group in the UK, and the Go8 in Australia. The members of the C9 League are Fudan University, Harbin Institute of Technology, Nanjing University, Peking University, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Tsinghua University, University of Science and Technology of China, Xi'an Jiaotong University, and Zhejiang University.[1] Together they account for 3% of the country's researchers but receive 10% of national research expenditures. They produce 20% of the academic publications and 30% of total citations.[2]



University Year Founded Authorities Location
Fudan University 1905 Ministry of Education (MOE) Shanghai
Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT) 1920 Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) Harbin, Heilongjiang; Weihai, Shandong; Shenzhen, Guangdong
Nanjing University 1902 Ministry of Education (MOE) Nanjing,Jiangsu
Peking University 1898 Ministry of Education (MOE) Beijing
Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU) 1896 Ministry of Education (MOE) Shanghai
Tsinghua University 1911 Ministry of Education (MOE) Beijing
University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) 1958 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) Hefei, Anhui
Xi'an Jiao Tong University (XJTU) 1896 Ministry of Education (MOE) Xi'an, Shaanxi
Zhejiang University 1897 Ministry of Education (MOE) Hangzhou, Zhejiang



University ARWU World (2015)[3] QS World (2015/16)[4] THE World (2015/16)[5] CWTS Leiden (2015)[6]
Fudan University 151-200 51 201-250 389
Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT) 201-300 291 501-600 447
Nanjing University 201-300 130 251-300 438
Peking University 101-150 41 42 379
Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU) 101-150 70 301-350 514
Tsinghua University 101-150 25 47 250
University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) 151-200 113 201-250 569
Xi'an Jiao Tong University (XJTU) 201-300 328 501-600 602
Zhejiang University 101-150 110 251-300 456


The C9 League was established by the Chinese central government on May 4, 1998 with the goal of advancing the Chinese higher education system. The establishment of the C9 League was a part of the Chinese central government's Project 985. In the first phase, the nine universities were selected and allocated funding for an initial period of three years. On October 10, 2009, these nine universities made up the C9 League.[7][8]


The aim of the C9 is to serve as a network of elite universities to improve education and research in China.[9][10] More importantly, they have committed themselves to world-class excellence.[10] However, the central government also directs special resources to a number of other universities outside the C9 League to ensure that they reach the goal to become world class universities,[1] such as Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Lanzhou University, East China Normal University, Nankai University, Renmin University of China, Sichuan University, Wuhan University, Xiamen University and Sun Yat-sen University.[11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Education Ministry supports formation of China's"Ivy League"". Ministry of Education of People's Republic of China. Retrieved 11 December 2013. 
  2. ^ "Eastern stars: Universities of China's C9 League excel in select fields". 
  3. ^ "Academic Ranking of World Universities - 2014". Shanghai Ranking Consultancy. Retrieved 21 October 2014. 
  4. ^ "QS World University Rankings 2015/16". Quacquarelli Symonds. Retrieved 14 September 2015. 
  5. ^ "World University Rankings 2015-16". Times Higher Education. Retrieved 30 September 2015. 
  6. ^ "CWTS Leiden Ranking 2015". Centre for Science and Technology Studies, Leiden University. Retrieved 21 October 2015. 
  7. ^ "九校高校签订《一流大学人才培养合作与交流协议书》". 
  8. ^ Sainsbury, Michael (4 November 2009). "China establishes group of Ivy League universities". The Australian. 
  9. ^ "China's 'Ivy League'". 
  10. ^ a b http://brand.hjenglish.com/b1094/p15877/
  11. ^ "华中科技大学争创世界一流大学". Retrieved Sep 18, 2011. 
  12. ^ "兰大列入985工程 力争创建世界一流大学". Retrieved Jan 8, 2004. 
  13. ^ "南工 开启了探索"世界一流大学、世界一流学科"建设的炫酷梦想". Retrieved May 29, 2015. 
  14. ^ "南开大学建校90年 新目标:向世界一流大学迈进". Retrieved Otc. 17, 2009.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  15. ^ "国防科大:打造我军特色的世界一流大学". Retrieved March 2, 2014. 
  16. ^ "纪宝成:为建设"人民满意、世界一流"大学而奋斗". Retrieved March 2, 2014. 
  17. ^ "四川大学校长谢和平:川大2050年跻身世界一流". Retrieved April 22, 2011. 
  18. ^ "武汉大学迎来120岁生日 剑指世界一流大学". Retrieved March 2, 2014. 
  19. ^ "本世纪中叶建成世界一流大学". Retrieved June 18, 2013. 

External links[edit]