C9 League

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C9 League
Simplified Chinese 九校联盟
Traditional Chinese 九校聯盟
C9 Members' logo

The C9 League is an alliance of nine elite universities in mainland China, analogous to the Ivy League in the USA, the Russell Group in the UK, and the Go8 in Australia. The members of the C9 League are Fudan University, Harbin Institute of Technology, Nanjing University, Peking University, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Tsinghua University, University of Science and Technology of China, Xi'an Jiao Tong University, and Zhejiang University.[1] Together they account for 3% of the country's researchers but receive 10% of national research expenditures. They produce 20% of the academic publications and 30% of total citations.[2]



University Year Founded Authorities Location
Fudan University 1905 Ministry of Education (MOE) Shanghai
Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT) 1920 Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT) Harbin, Heilongjiang; Weihai, Shandong; Shenzhen, Guangdong
Nanjing University 1902 Ministry of Education (MOE) Nanjing
Peking University 1898 Ministry of Education (MOE) Beijing
Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU) 1896 Ministry of Education (MOE) Shanghai
Tsinghua University 1911 Ministry of Education (MOE) Beijing
University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) 1958 Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) Hefei, Anhui
Xi'an Jiao Tong University (XJTU) 1896 Ministry of Education (MOE) Xi'an, Shaanxi
Zhejiang University 1897 Ministry of Education (MOE) Hangzhou, Zhejiang



The C9 League was established by the Chinese central government on May 4, 1998 with the goal of advancing the Chinese higher education system. The establishment of the C9 League was a part of the Chinese central government's Project 985. In the first phase, the nine universities were selected and allocated funding for an initial period of three years. On October 10, 2009, these nine universities made up the C9 League.[3][4]


The aim of the C9 is to serve as a network of elite universities to improve education and research in China.[5][6] More importantly, they have committed themselves to world-class excellence.[6] The central government directs special resources to the C9 League to ensure that they maintain their status as world class universities.[1] There are a number of other universities outside the C9 League claim the goal of reaching world class such as Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Lanzhou University, Nanjing University of Technology, Nankai University, National University of Defense Technology, Renmin University of China, Sichuan University, Wuhan University, Xiamen University and Zhongshan University.[7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15] [16]

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