The C9 League is an alliance of nine elite universities in mainland China, analogous to the Ivy League Universities in the United States, the U15 in Canada, the Russell Group in the UK, and the Go8 in Australia. The members of the C9 League are Fudan University, Harbin Institute of Technology, Nanjing University, Peking University, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Tsinghua University, University of Science and Technology of China, Xi'an Jiaotong University, and Zhejiang University. Together they account for 3% of the country's researchers but receive 10% of national research expenditures. They produce 20% of the academic publications and 30% of total citations.
|Fudan University||1905||Ministry of Education (MOE)||Shanghai|
|Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT)||1920||Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT)||Harbin, Heilongjiang; Weihai, Shandong; Shenzhen, Guangdong|
|Nanjing University||1902||Ministry of Education (MOE)||Nanjing, Jiangsu|
|Peking University||1898||Ministry of Education (MOE)||Beijing|
|Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU)||1896||Ministry of Education (MOE)||Shanghai|
|Tsinghua University||1911||Ministry of Education (MOE)||Beijing|
|University of Science and Technology of China (USTC)||1958||Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)||Hefei, Anhui|
|Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU)||1896||Ministry of Education (MOE)||Xi'an, Shaanxi|
|Zhejiang University||1897||Ministry of Education (MOE)||Hangzhou, Zhejiang|
- Peking University and Tsinghua University are in Beijing, the capital and a municipality of China.
- Fudan University and Shanghai Jiao Tong University are in Shanghai, an economic center and a municipality of China.
- Nanjing University is in Nanjing of Jiangsu province. University of Science and Technology of China is in Hefei of Anhui province. Zhejiang University is in Hangzhou of Zhejiang province. These five universities (including Fudan and SJTU) are in the greater Yangtze River Delta region.
- Xi'an Jiaotong University is in Xi'an of Shaanxi province, a key city in West China.
- Harbin Institute of Technology consists of three campuses: Harbin campus in Heilongjiang province in Northeast China, Weihai campus in Shandong province in eastern coastal region of East China, and Shenzhen campus in Guangdong province in South Central China.
|University||ARWU World (2015)||QS World (2015/16)||THE World (2015/16)||CWTS Leiden (2015)|
|Harbin Institute of Technology (HIT)||201-300||291||501-600||447|
|Shanghai Jiao Tong University (SJTU)||101-150||70||301-350||514|
|University of Science and Technology of China (USTC)||151-200||113||201-250||569|
|Xi'an Jiaotong University (XJTU)||201-300||328||501-600||602|
The C9 League was established by the Chinese central government on May 4, 1998 with the goal of advancing the Chinese higher education system. The establishment of the C9 League was a part of the Chinese central government's Project 985. In the first phase, the nine universities were selected and allocated funding for an initial period of three years. On October 10, 2009, these nine universities made up the C9 League.
The aim of the C9 is to serve as a network of elite universities to improve education and research in China. More importantly, they have committed themselves to world-class excellence. However, the central government also directs special resources to a number of other universities outside the C9 League to ensure that they reach the goal to become world class universities, such as Renmin University of China, Wuhan University and Sun Yat-sen University.
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