CA Technologies

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CA, Inc.
Private
Traded asNASDAQ: CA
IndustryEnterprise software
Founded1976; 42 years ago (1976) (as Computer Associates International, Inc.)
FoundersCharles Wang

Russell Artzt

HeadquartersNew York, NY 10022
U.S.[1]
Key people
Arthur F. Weinbach (Chairman)

Michael P. Gregoire (CEO)

ProductsComputer software
RevenueIncrease US$ 4.235 billion (2018)[2]
Increase US$ 1.2 billion (2018)[3]
Decrease US$ 476 million (GAAP) [2] (2018)
IncreaseUS$ 1.091 billion (non-GAAP) (2018)[2]
Total assetsIncrease US$ 13.060 billion (2018)[4]
Total equityIncrease US$ 5.895 billion (2018)[4]
OwnerBroadcom Inc.
Number of employees
10 ,850 (2018)[5]
Websitewww.ca.com

CA Technologies, formerly known as Computer Associates International, Inc. and CA, Inc., is an American multinational corporation headquartered in New York City. CA was acquired by Broadcom, Inc. on November 5, 2018.[6]

CA is ranked as one of the largest independent software corporations in the world. The company creates systems software and applications software that runs in mainframe, distributed computing, virtual machine, cloud computing environments, mobile devices and the Internet of Things (IoT).

The company had been a provider of anti-virus and Internet security commercial software programs for personal computers. Today, it is primarily known for its business-to-business (B2B) software with a product portfolio focused on Agile software development, DevOps and Computer Security Software spanning across a wide range of environments such as mainframe, distributed computing, cloud computing and mobile devices. CA Technologies states that its computer software products are used by "a majority of the Fortune Global 500 companies, government organizations, educational institutions, and thousands of other companies in diverse industries worldwide."[7]

CA Technologies posted $4.2 billion in revenue for fiscal year 2018 (ending March 31, 2018) and maintains offices in more than 40 countries.[8] The company employs approximately 11,300 people (March 31, 2018). CA holds more than 1,500 patents worldwide,[8] and has more than 900 patent applications pending.[7] It was headquartered on Long Island for most of its history, at first Jericho, NY and Garden City in Nassau County, then Suffolk County for 22 years in Islandia before moving to Manhattan in June 2014. It was once the second-largest software company in the United States.

The company avoided indictment for involvement in the 35 day month accounting scandal[9] by reaching a deferred-prosecution agreement with the government in 2004 in which it agreed to pay $225 million in shareholder restitution.[10]

As of 2018 the company markets nearly 200 software products. Some of the best known are ACF2, TopSecret (security), Datacom (database), Easytrieve (report generator), IDMS (database management), InterTest (debugging), Librarian, Panvalet (library management), and TLMS (tape library management).[11]

History[edit]

The company was established by Charles Wang and Russell Artzt in 1976.[12][13]

Under regulatory pressure in 1969, IBM announced its decision to unbundle the sale of computer hardware from its software and support services;[14][15]i.e., mainframe computers from computer programs, etc. The decision opened new markets to competition in the nascent software industry. Wang and Artzt developed several products for that market. In 1976, they obtained exclusive North American distribution rights for CA-Sort,[16] a sort/merge/copy and data management utility software program. Wang and Artzt established a new venture in partnership with Sam Goodner and Max Sevcik of Swiss Company Computer Associates, which they named Computer Associates International, and went to market with CA-Sort, along with their original products.[17][18]

CA-SORT's sorting algorithms and the product's performance (mostly on the DOS/VS computing platform), combined with modest pricing, led to rapid growth in the North American market.

1980s[edit]

Throughout the decade, the company grew rapidly via several acquisitions.

In 1987, CA's stock began trading on the New York Stock Exchange using the ticker symbol "CA" following its time on the NASDAQ (1981-1987) using the stock symbol "CASI". As the decade ended, CA became the first software company after Microsoft to exceed $1 billion in sales.[19] By 1991, it had $1.4 billion in sales.[20]

1990s[edit]

Early in the decade, CA was forced to address criticism of the company as well as a sharp decline in its stock price, which fell more than 50% during 1990. The ensuing changes included a push into foreign markets (Japan, Canada, Africa, Latin America), reform in how the company charged its customers for software maintenance, and improved compatibility with products from other vendors such as Hewlett-Packard (HP), Apple Computer, and Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC). In 1994, CA acquired the ASK Group and continued to offer the Ingres database management system under a variety of brand names.[21]

CA continued its expansion through acquisitions. Legent Corporation was acquired for $1.78 billion in 1995, at that time the biggest-ever acquisition in the software industry, and Cheyenne Software for $1.2 billion in 1996. CA executed the software industry's then-largest acquisition ($3.5 billion) via Platinum Technology International in 1999.

2000s[edit]

By 2000, CA had acquired about 200 companies. At this time, the U.S. Department of Justice limited CA's acquisitions. The company refinanced large amounts of debt, and a proxy battle between the board and shareholders.[22] There were also questions regarding executive compensation, accounting methods, and insider-trading by its then CEO and chairman, Sanjay Kumar.

In 2000, Sanjay Kumar replaced Charles Wang as Chief Executive Officer. In 2002, Kumar became Chairman of Computer Associates' board of directors. In 2006, he was sentenced to 12 years in prison and fined $8 million for his role in a massive accounting fraud at Computer Associates.[23][24][25]

CA started the India Technology Centre in Hyderabad on December 10, 2003. In 2004, CA appointed ex-IBMer John Swainson as CEO, who held the position until retirement at the end of 2009.[26]

2010s[edit]

In 2010, the company acquired eight companies to support its cloud computing strategy: 3Tera,[27] Nimsoft,[28] NetQoS,[29] Oblicore,[30] Cassatt,[31] 4Base Technology,[32] Arcot Systems,[33] and Hyperformix.[34][35]

In 2011, CA acquired ITKO for $330m.[36] Two years later, it acquired app deployment and management company Nolio for approximately $40m,[37] as well as Layer7.

On January 7, 2013, CA Technologies announced that Michael P. Gregoire would be a member of the board and new chief executive officer.[38][39]

In June 2014, CA Technologies moved its headquarters, without an announcement, from Islandia in Suffolk County, to 520 Madison Avenue in New York City.[40]

In 2015, the company made four acquisitions, including Rally software for $480m,[41] Unifyalm, Gridtools,[42] Idmlogic[43] and Xceedium.[44]

In 2016, CA acquired Blazemeter[45] and Automic,[46] and Veracode[47] and Runscope[48] in 2017.

On July 11, 2018, Broadcom announced it would acquire CA Technologies for $18.9 billion in cash, pending regulatory approval.[49]

On August 8, 2018, CEO Mike Gregoire was elected as chairman of CA Technologies board of directors, replacing retiring chairman Art Weinbach.[50]

On November 5, 2018 Broadcom announced that it had completed the acquisition of CA Technologies.[6]

Controversies[edit]

In 1992, the company was sued by Electronic Data Systems (EDS), a CA customer. EDS accused CA of breach of contract, misuse of copyright and violations of anti-trust laws. CA filed a counter-claim, also alleging breach of contract, including copyright infringement and misappropriation of trade secrets.[51] The companies reached a settlement in 1996.[52][53]

In 1998, an unsuccessful and hostile takeover bid by CA for computer consulting firm Computer Sciences Corporation (CSC) prompted a bribery suit by CSC’s chairman Van Honeycutt against CA’s founder and then CEO, Charles Wang.[54]

In 1999, Wang received the largest bonus in history at that time from a public company. The receipt of a $670 million stock grant that dated to the vesting of a 1995 stock option[55] occurred while the company faced a slowdown in European markets and an economic slump in Asia, both of which had affected CA's earnings and stock price. In total, the company took a $675 million after-tax charge for $1.1 billion in payouts to Wang and other top CA executives.[53][56]

In 2000 a shareholder-based class-action lawsuit accused CA of misstating more than $500 million in revenue in its 1998 and 1999 fiscal years in order to artificially inflate its stock price.[57] An investigation by the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) followed, resulting in charges against the company and some of its former top executives.[58] The SEC alleged that from 1998 to 2000, CA routinely kept its books open to include quarterly revenue from contracts executed after the quarter ended in order to meet Wall Street analysts’ expectations.[59] The company reached a settlement with the SEC and Department of Justice in 2004, agreeing to pay $225 million in restitution to shareholders and to reform its corporate governance and financial accounting controls.[60] Eight CA executives pleaded guilty to fraud charges – most notably, former CEO and chairman Sanjay Kumar, who received a 12-year prison sentence for orchestrating the scandal.[61] The company subsequently made sweeping changes through virtually all of its senior leadership positions.[62]

Corporate responsibility and recognition[edit]

Sustainability[edit]

In 2010, CA was listed among the greenest companies by Newsweek's Green rankings.[63]

CA has been named a component of the Dow Jones Sustainability Indexes (DJSI) for seven years, from 2012-2018. In 2015 and 2016, CA was ranked as one of America's Greenest companies by Newsweek.[64][65]

In 2017, the company scored an A- from CDP, the world's most comprehensive rating of companies leading on environmental action, for environmental performance and disclosure.[66]

According to a corporate sustainability report released by the company in 2018, CA reduced its Greenhouse Gas Footprint by more than 35% since 2006.[67] It received the Climate Leadership Award in Excellence in GHG Management in 2018,[68] and was included in Barron's 100 Most Sustainable Companies in 2018 as well.[69]

In February 2018, CA was named one of the World's Most Ethical Companies by Ethisphere Institute for the third consecutive year.[70][71]

Equality and diversity[edit]

CA Technologies was named one of the best companies for multicultural women by Working Mother Magazine for four consecutive years, from 2015-2018[72][73][74] as well as one of the 100 Best Companies from 2015-2017.[75][76] The company was also awarded 4.3 of 5 stars by InHerSight as one of the Top 10 IT Companies for Women in 2017.[77] In 2015 and 2016, Fatherly.com ranked CA as one of the Best Places to Work for New Dads.[78][79]

In 2018, CA was named a NAFE top company for executive women.[80] CA was also included in the Bloomberg Gender-Equality Index (GEI) in 2018.[81]

In 2018, for the fourth consecutive year, the Human Rights Campaign Foundation ranked CA as one of the Best Places to Work for LGBT Equality.[82]

CA CEO Mike Gregoire is a signatory of the CEO Action for Diversity and Inclusion pledge.[83]

Work environments[edit]

For four consecutive years, 2015-2018, CA was named by Computerworld as one of the Best Places to Work in IT.[84][85][86][87] In 2017, it was named to the Forbes list of America's Best Employers[88] and recognized with a STAR Award for Leadership and Innovation by the Technology Services Industry Association (TSIA).[89]

In 2018, CA was named to the Thomson Reuters World's Top 100 Technology companies[90] and for six consecutive years has been the recipient of the NorthFace ScoreBoard Award from Customer Relationship Management Institute (CRMI).[91]

Acquisitions[edit]

CA has a long history of acquisitions in the software industry; some of the largest are listed below.[53]

Acquisition date Company Business Country Value (USD) Used as / Integrated with References
1981 Viking Data Systems, Inc. USA [92]
1982 Capex Corporation OS/MVS (primarily) and DOS/VSE mainframe job scheduling and programmer productivity USA $22,000,000 [93]
1983 Stewart P. Orr Associates USA $2,000,000 [94]
1983 Information Unlimited Software Word processing USA $10,000,000 [95]
1984 Johnson Systems, Inc. Job accounting USA $16,000,000 [94]
1984 Sorcim Spreadsheets USA $27,000,000 CA-SuperCalc [94]
1985 Arkay Computer DOS/VSE migration to MVS USA Undisclosed CA-CONVERTOR [94][96]
1985 Top Secret - from CGA Computer Computer Security USA $25,000,000 CA-Top Secret [94][97]
1986 Integrated Software Systems Corporation Computer graphics USA $67,000,000 [94]
1986 Software International Accounting software USA $24,000,000 [94]
1987 Uccel Tape Management System, Job scheduling, Rerun/Restart, Mainframe Security USA $870,000,000 Unicenter CA-1, CA-7, CA-11, CA-ACF2 [94][98]
1988 Applied Data Research Flowcharting software, Database management system USA $170,000,000 CA Datacom/DB [94][99]
December 25, 1989 Cullinet Database management system USA $300,000,000 CA IDMS [100]
August 1991 On-Line Software International Inc Debuggers USA $120,000,000 [101]
September 16, 1991 Pansophic Systems Change management USA $290,000,000 [102][103]
December 2, 1991 Access Technology VAX USA [104]
May 6, 1992 Nantucket Corporation Xbase USA $80,000,000 CA-Clipper [105]
October 1992 Glockenspiel C++ compiler USA Aspen [106]
May 30, 1994 ASK Corporation Unix database USA $311,000,000 Ingres [107]
May 25, 1995 Legent Corporation USA $1,780,000,000 [108]
October 7, 1996 Cheyenne Software Backup USA $1,200,000,000 CA ARCserve [109]
November 12, 1997 Avalan Technology, Inc. USA [110]
December 23, 1997 AI Ware Artificial intelligence USA Undisclosed [111]
August 5, 1998 Realogic, Inc. Consulting USA Undisclosed Global Professional Services Division [112]
1998 LDA Systems, Inc. Consulting USA Undisclosed Global Professional Services Division [113]
October 29, 1998 Viewpoint DataLabs International, Inc. USA [114]
September 2, 1998 QXCOM database management for Lotus Notes USA Unicenter TNG Lotus Notes/Domino [115]
February 8, 1999 Computer Management Sciences, Inc USA $435,000,000 [116]
March 29, 1999 Platinum Technology USA $3,500,000,000 [117]
2000 Applied Management Systems Inc. USA
October 9, 2000 Sterling Software USA $3,910,000,000 [118]
2003 SilentRunner USA [119]
2003 Netreon SAN management USA BrightStor SAN Designer [120]
March 11, 2004 Miramar PC migration USA Undisclosed Brightstor [121]
August 16, 2004 PestPatrol Anti-spyware USA Undisclosed CA Anti-Spyware [122][123]
October 6, 2004 Netegrity Network security USA $430,000,000 eTrust [124]
June 27, 2005 Tiny Software Personal firewall USA Undisclosed CA Personal Firewall [125]
June 7, 2005 Concord Communications Network Management USA $350,000,000 Spectrum Network Management [126]
October 17, 2005 iLumin e-mail archiving USA Undisclosed Brightstor [127]
June 10, 2005 Niku IT Governance USA $350,000,000 CA PPM [128]
January 5, 2006 Wily Technology Application performance management USA $375,000,000 [129]
July 12, 2006 XOSoft backup USA CA ARCserve [130]
April 13, 2006 Cybermation Mainframe management USA $75,000,000 [131]
January 11, 2006 Control-F1 USA [132]
September 27, 2006 Cendura Application management USA [133]
June 14, 2006 MDY Group Records retention management USA [134]
October 7, 2008 IDFocus Identity management USA Undisclosed [135]
November 13, 2008 Eurekify Role-based access control Israel Undisclosed [136]
January 5, 2009 Orchestria Data security USA Undisclosed [137]
November 19, 2009 NetQoS USA CA NetQoS Super Agent [138]
January 11, 2010 Oblicore Service level management USA [139]
June 2, 2009 Cassatt Data center automation USA [140]
February 24, 2010 3tera Cloud computing USA Undisclosed CA Spectrum Infrastructure Manager [141]
March 11, 2010 Nimsoft Application monitoring USA $350,000,000 [142]
August 12, 2010 4Base Technology Cloud computing consulting USA Undisclosed Global Virtualization and Cloud Consulting Team [143]
August 30, 2010 Arcot Authentication USA $200,000,000 SiteMinder [144]
September 28, 2010 Hyperformix Capacity planning USA Undisclosed [145]
August 16, 2011 Itko Service virtualization and API Testing USA $330,000,000 CA LISA, DevTest Solutions [146]
August 16, 2011 WatchMouse Website Monitoring Netherlands Undisclosed CA APM Cloudmonitor [147][148]
April 22, 2013 Layer 7 Technologies API Management Canada $155,000,000 [149][150]
April 22, 2013 Nolio Application release automation Israel +$40,000,000 CA Release Automation [151]
May 27, 2015 Rally Software Development Corp. Cloud-based Agile development management platform United States $480,000,000 CA Agile Central [152]
August 17, 2015 Xceedium Inc Privileged identity and access management United States Undisclosed [153]
June 4, 2015 Grid Tools Ltd. Provider of enterprise test data management, automated test design and optimization software solutions United Kingdom Undisclosed [154]
June 8, 2015 IdMLogic Developer of intelligent identity management applications Israel Undisclosed [155]
October 12, 2016 BlazeMeter SaaS-based Open-Source Test Execution Platform Israel Undisclosed [156]
December 1, 2016 Automic Business automation Austria $635,000,000 [157]
March 6, 2017 Veracode SaaS-based Secure DevOps Platform Provider United States $614,000,000 [158]
September 28, 2017 Runscope API Monitoring United States Undisclosed [159]
April 9, 2018 SourceClear Software security tooling and automation United States Undisclosed [160] [161]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]

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