CAF Civity

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CAF Civity
Built atIrun
Number under construction334 units on order
Number built20 units
Formation2 to 8 cars per unit
Train length43–140.2 m (141 ft 1 in–460 ft 0 in)
Car length21.5 m (70 ft 6 in) (M)
16.2 m (53 ft 2 in) (T)
Width2.88 m (9 ft 5 in)
Height4.3 m (14 ft 1 in)
Floor height600 mm (23.6 in)–800 mm (31.5 in)
Maximum speed75–125 mph (121–201 km/h)
Weightc. 100 t (98.4 long tons; 110.2 short tons)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge

The CAF Civity is a platform of regional passenger trains which is manufactured by Spanish rolling stock manufacturer CAF. Available as both a diesel and electric multiple unit, the Civity was first launched in 2010 and received its first order two years later.

As of 2018, twenty Civity units have been constructed, with a further 254 on order. The United Kingdom has been the largest customer of the platform, with 136 units due to enter service there by 2020.


The Civity is a modular platform available in four variants, which are diesel, diesel-electric, electric and bi/dual mode. Most variants of the Civity platform, with the exception of the Civity UK, have shared bogies and a low floor.[2]


As of 2018, the diesel variant has only been ordered by operators in the United Kingdom (Northern, West Midlands Trains and Transport for Wales), with these units being constructed in either two, three or four-car formations. These trains will be fitted with Rolls-Royce MTU powerplants which produce 523 horsepower (390 kW), which will give them a maximum speed of 100 mph (160 km/h).


The electric variant is capable of operating on 1500 V or 3500 V DC power supplies with a pick-up shoe or 15 kV or 25 kV AC power supplies with a pantograph. It has so far been ordered in either three, four or five car formations, with these being capable of speeds between 75 mph (121 km/h) and 100 mph (160 km/h).



In 2010, the Italian region of Friuli Venezia Giuila placed an order with CAF for eight ETR 563 five-car units for Trenitalia. Four more units were subsequently ordered, with these units capable of operating services into Slovenia and Austria, with these being designated as ETR 564 units. The units were delayed into service as they could not be approved.[3]


Three Class 6111 three-car EMUs were delivered to the Railways of Montenegro specifically to serve the Podgorica-Nikšić railway, cutting travel time to only 50 minutes. The first of the new trains started with service on 13 July 2013.[4][5]


In 2014, the Dutch Railways (NS) placed a €510 million order 118 Civity sets. These new trains, which will consist of three and four car formations, will replace the NS SGMm and the remaining NS Mat '64 sets. The train is known as the Sprinter New Generation (SNG) by the NS. The trains will be delivered from 2018 and can operate at 160 km/h (99 mph).[6] A mock-up of an SNG was presented in September 2015, featuring sockets, recycling bins and a toilet.[7] An additional 88 sets were ordered in December 2018, with deliveries expected to continue through 2023.[8]

United Kingdom[edit]


In January 2016, Arriva UK Trains subsidiary Northern placed an order for 98 (later increased to 101[9]) units, with the majority of these trains due to operate on the company's Northern Connect regional express services.[10] The order breakdown is for 58 Class 195 diesel multiple units (two and three-car) and 43 Class 331 electric multiple units (three and four-car). All of these trains are planned to gradually enter service throughout 2019.

In early 2018, it was revealed there is an option for an undisclosed number of additional carriages.[11] There is also a provision available extend the four car Class 331 units to five carriages in the future.[12]

A further three units were ordered in November 2018.[13]

TransPennine Express[edit]

CAF are currently building twelve Class 397 five-car electric multiple units for FirstGroup subsidiary TransPennine Express for their West Coast Main Line services, which operate from Liverpool and Manchester to Glasgow and Edinburgh. These units are due to be delivered between 2018 and 2019, replacing the four-car Class 350/4 units which are currently used on these services.[14] They will have a maximum speed of 201 km/h (125 mph).[15]

West Midlands Trains[edit]

It was announced in late 2017 that CAF will also supply 26 Class 196 diesel multiple units for West Midlands Trains, which will be in two-car and four-car formations. They are due to be delivered in 2020 and will operate services for the company's West Midlands Railway sub-brand.[16]

Transport for Wales[edit]

In June 2018 it was announced that Transport for Wales, the current operator of the Wales & Borders franchise, would take delivery of 51 two car and 26 three car diesel multiple units from CAF, which are to be based at Chester and Machynlleth depots.[17]

Cancelled orders[edit]

Pasažieru vilciens[edit]

In 2012, Latvian railway operator Pasažieru vilciens placed a €400 million order for 34 electric and seven diesel-electric multiple units. The order also included a 30-year maintenance plan for the units. The three car sets were to be built for the 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 2732 in) Russian gauge and capable of operating on lines electrified at 3000V DC with a maximum speed of 140 km/h (87 mph).[18] The order was subsequently cancelled, with no units built.

Fleet details[edit]

Class Image Operator(s) Type No. Cars Built Notes
ETR 452 Ferrotramviaria EMU 5 4 2014–15
ETR 563 ETR 563 'Città di Pordenone' at Ljubljana.jpg Ferrovie dello Stato EMU 8 5 2012–13
ETR 564 Ferrovie dello Stato EMU 4 5 2014
6111 01.10.13 Bar 6111.001 (10101137154).jpg Željeznički prevoz Crne Gore EMU 3 3 2013
SNG SGN 2710 -- Assel 20180919 (3).jpg Nederlandse Spoorwegen EMU 118 3 2018–
88 4
 United Kingdom
Class 195 Civity 195101 at Velim Test Track (1).jpg Northern DMU 25 2 2017– An option for additional units is available[12]
33 3
Class 196 Civity West Midlands Trains DMU 12 2 TBC
14 4
TBC Civity Transport for Wales[19] DMU 51 2 TBC
26 3
Class 331 Civity 331001 approaching Crewe platform 1.jpg Northern EMU 31 3 2017– An option for additional units is available
12 4
Class 397 Nova 2 Class 397 TransPennine Express Velim.jpg TransPennine Express EMU 12 5 2017– An option for additional units is available[20]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Clinnick, Richard. "Northern unveils its first new CAF-built train". Rail Magazine. Rail Magazine. Retrieved 31 January 2018.
  2. ^ "Civity, a family of trains for commuter and regional services - CAF".
  3. ^ Chiandoni, Marco. "CAF delivers regional train to Italy".
  4. ^ Vlada Crne Gore (The Government of Montenegro) - U junu 2013. godine Crna Gora dobiće tri nova elektromotorna voza (Serbian) Retrieved November 17, 2011
  5. ^ ZCG Prevoz - Novosti - U julu 2013. godine, isporuka 3 nova EMV-a Archived 2013-03-06 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved November 2011
  6. ^ Briginshaw, David. "NS names CAF preferred bidder for Sprinter fleet". Archived from the original on 2014-12-01. Retrieved 2015-03-15.
  7. ^ "Reizigersvereniging Rover".
  8. ^ "NS orders 88 Sprinter EMUs". Railway Gazette International. 27 December 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2018.
  9. ^ "UK railway news round-up". Railway Gazette. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  10. ^ "Eversholt Rail to finance new trains for Northern franchise". Retrieved 22 January 2016.
  11. ^ "UK railway news round-up". Railway Gazette. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  12. ^ a b Fender, Keith. "CAF presents first Civity EMU for Northern". International Railway Journal. International Railway Journal. Retrieved 11 February 2018.
  13. ^ "UK railway news round-up". Railway Gazette. Retrieved 15 November 2018.
  14. ^ "More new trains for the North and Scotland". First Transpennine Express. 20 May 2016.
  15. ^ "TransPennine Express orders EMUs and hauled stock". Railway Gazette International. May 23, 2016.
  16. ^ "Bombardier and CAF to supply 107 trains for West Midlands franchise". International Railway Journal. 16 October 2017.
  17. ^ "KeolisAmey reveal new-look Wales trains and services". BBC News. BBC News. Retrieved 4 June 2018.
  18. ^ "CAF wins Latvian train contract". Railway Gazette International. 10 April 2012.
  19. ^ "KeolisAmey reveal new-look Wales trains and services". BBC News. BBC News. Retrieved 4 June 2018.
  20. ^ "TPE Franchise Agreement" (PDF). GOV.UK. GOV.UK. Retrieved 21 July 2018.

External links[edit]