CAIG Wing Loong II
|Wing Loong II at Dubai Air Show 2017|
|Manufacturer||Chengdu Aircraft Industry Group|
|Designer||Chengdu Aircraft Design Institute|
|First flight||February 2017|
|Primary user||People's Liberation Army Air Force|
|Developed from||CAIG Wing Loong|
The Chengdu Wing Loong II (Chinese: 翼龙 II; pinyin: Yìlóng Èr; lit. 'Pterodactyl II'), military designation GJ-2, is an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) capable of remotely controlled or autonomous flight developed by the Chengdu Aircraft Industry Group in the People's Republic of China. Intended for use as a surveillance and aerial reconnaissance and precision strike platform, Chengdu unveiled the concept of Wing Loong II at the Aviation Expo China in Beijing in September 2015. Wing Loong II has long range strike capability with a satellite link.
The prototype of the Wing Loong II was presented for the first time to the public during the Airshow China exhibition, held in Zhuhai from 1-6 November, 2016.
Wing Loong II UAV MALE is an enlarged version of Wing Loong I with longer body and wider wing span. It has a slender fuselage, V-tail and ventral fin. The aircraft features retractable landing gear, including two main wheels under the fuselage and one single wheel under the nose. Each wing has three Hardpoints under the wings with capability of carrying bombs, rockets or air-to-surface missiles. A satellite communications antenna is situated on top front surface of the fuselage, offering long range data transmission between the UAV and the ground station.
|Variant||Armaments||Takeoff weight||Engine type||Maximum cruise speed||Operational endurance|
|CH-1||No||220 kg||Piston||140 km/h||6 hours|
|CH-2||No||220 kg||Piston||160 km/h||8 hours|
|CH-3||Yes, 80 kg||650 kg||Piston||220 km/h||12 hours|
|CH-4||Yes, 345 kg||1330 kg||Piston||180 km/h||30 hours for recon / 12 hours for strike|
|CH-5||Yes, 1000 kg||3300 kg||Turboprop||220 km/h||60 hours for recon / 30 hours with 8 AR-1 missiles|
|GJ-1 (Wing Loong I)||Yes, 200 kg||1100 kg||Piston||280 km/h||20 hours|
|GJ-2 (Wing Loong II)||Yes, 480 kg||4200 kg||Turboprop||370 km/h||32 hours / 20 hours at max speed|
|Wing Loong-10||Yes, 400 kg||3200 kg||Turbojet||370 km/h||32 hours|
- Wing Loong II
- An upgraded variant of the Wing Loong-1, with provisions for up to twelve air-to-surface missiles.
- Chinese military version of Wing Loong II. Distinguished by the lack of winglets. Officially entered service with the PLAAF in November 2018.
- Wing Loong 2H
- Civilian, communication, emergency response variant, equipped with synthetic aperture radar and optoelectronic pod which is able to relay and amplify telecommunication signals. The Wing Loong 2H debuted at July 2021 when it was deployed to assist with rescue work in Central China's Henan Province after unprecedented heavy rainfall flooding, providing a stable communication signal that can be directly used by normal phones with areas of over 50 square kilometers.
The Wing Loong II is used by UAE to perform airstrikes against the Government of National Accord in the Libyan civil war. The GNA received 12 Bayraktar TB2s in two batches between May and July. At least half of them have been destroyed during LNA airstrikes using Wing Loong IIs; the second batch delivered in July was to replace the losses of the first. As June 2020, a total of 6 Wing Loong IIs have been reported shot down or lost in Libya, all operated by the LNA. One was allegedly shot down by a laser: if this was true then it was the first time in history that a laser weapon shot down a combat vehicle.
An investigation led by BBC Africa Eye and BBC Arabic Documentaries revealed that the UAE used Wing Loong II drones to fire Chinese Blue Arrow 7 missiles at a military academy in Libya's capital, Tripoli, in January 2020, killing 26 unarmed cadets. The drone was operated from Libya's Al-Khadim air base which has been under the control of the UAE.
During the 2021 Henan floods, because of the interruption of communication in some areas due to flooding, Ministry of Emergency Management dispatched its emergency disaster-response Chengdu Wing Loong II (Wing Loong 2H) to the corresponding areas, and carried out nearly 6 hours of ground reconnaissance and communication relay services.
- China — In service with the People's Liberation Army Air Force since 2018, as GJ-2.
- Saudi Arabia — In service with the Royal Saudi Air Force. Used during the Yemeni Civil War against Houthi militias.
- Libya — In service with the Libyan Air Force that supported the Haftar's forces during Second Libyan Civil War. Supplied by UAE.
- Pakistan — In October 2018, it was announced that Pakistan Aeronautical Complex and Chengdu Aircraft Corporation would jointly produce 48 Wing Loong II UAVs for use by the Pakistan Air Force.
- United Arab Emirates — Launch customer for Wing Loong II in 2017.
- Egypt — 32 units delivered between 2017 and 2018 according to SIPRI.
- Nigeria — 2 units on order
Data from Army Recognition
- Crew: None
- Length: 11 m (36 ft 1 in)
- Wingspan: 20.5 m (67 ft 3 in)
- Height: 4.1 m (13 ft 5 in)
- Max takeoff weight: 4,200 kg (9,259 lb)
- Maximum speed: 370 km/h (230 mph, 200 kn)
- Cruise speed: 200 km/h (120 mph, 110 kn)
- Stall speed: 150 km/h (93 mph, 81 kn)
- Endurance: 32 hours
- Service ceiling: 9,900 m (32,500 ft)
- Air to ground radars
- GPS communication system
- Electro-optical pod with day light and infrared cameras and sensors
- Satellite link
- Communications range: >1,000 km (620 mi) with SatCom, ~150 km (93 mi) from Ground Control Station (GCS)
- CAIG Wing Loong
- CAIG Wing Loong II
- CAIG Wing Loong-10
- CASC Rainbow
- Harbin BZK-005
- Tengden TB-001
- CASIC WJ
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Chengdu Wing Loong.|
- "China's AVIC Achieves First Flight of Wing-Loong II UAV".
- "WING LOONG II UAV MALE". Army Recognition.
- "Is China at the Forefront of Drone Technology?". 29 May 2018.
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- 2016-10-28 13:57:20 来源：观察者网 (2016-10-28). ""翼龙2"或入列中国空军 "彩虹5"将出口中东-搜狐军事频道". Mil.sohu.com. Retrieved 2020-01-19.
- Wong, Kevin (7 November 2018). "Airshow China 2018: Wing Loong II armed reconnaissance UAV enters PLAAF service". IHS Jane's 360. Zhuhai. Archived from the original on 2018-11-07. Retrieved 7 November 2018.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-11-07. Retrieved 2020-01-09.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
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- "Chinese drones hunt Turkish drones in Libya air war". South China Morning Post. 2019-09-29. Retrieved 2019-11-18.
- "Drone war in Libya: Wing Loong II versus Bayraktar TB2". African Military. 26 September 2019.
- "CAIG Wing Loong II - All losses by type (modification)". Retrieved 9 June 2020.
- Timokhin, Alexander. "Turkey uses laser weapon technology to shoot down Chinese UAV Wing Loong II in Libya". Army Recognition. Archived from the original on 2020-04-16. Retrieved 2019-08-12.
- "UAE implicated in lethal drone strike in Libya". BBC News. 28 August 2020. Retrieved 28 August 2020.
- 观察者网 (2021-07-22). "联系上了！"翼龙无人机抵达你镇上空"" (in Chinese). 观察者网. Retrieved 2021-07-22.
- 杨晨 (2021-07-22). "驰援河南 "翼龙"化身空中移动"基站"" (in Chinese). 封面新闻. Retrieved 2021-07-22.
- Dominguez, Gabriel (9 October 2018). [Rahul "Bedi"] Check
|url=value (help). China, Pakistan to jointly produce Wing Loong II UAVs, says report. London, New Delhi. Archived from the original on 9 October 2018. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
- "Chinese Wing Loong II drones sold to Pakistan". Army Recognition. 11 October 2018. Archived from the original on 2018-10-11. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
- Nene, Vidi (11 October 2018). "China and Pakistan to Jointly Produce 48 Wing Loong II Drones". Drone Below. Archived from the original on 2018-10-11. Retrieved 13 October 2018.
- Biggers, Christopher (26 January 2018). "UAE revealed as Wing Loong II launch customer". IHS Jane's 360. Washington, DC. Archived from the original on 26 January 2018. Retrieved 26 January 2018.
- "Saudi Arabia".
- "Nigeria acquires sophisticated drones capable of fighting Boko Haram, bandits for 26 hours nonstop". Daily Nigerian. 2020-11-10. Retrieved 2020-11-10.