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Protein CALM3 PDB 1a29.png
Available structures
PDB Human UniProt search: PDBe RCSB
Aliases CALM3, HEL-S-72, PHKD, PHKD3, calmodulin 3 (phosphorylase kinase, delta)
External IDs HomoloGene: 134804 GeneCards: CALM3
Species Human Mouse
RefSeq (mRNA)



RefSeq (protein)


Location (UCSC) Chr 19: 46.6 – 46.61 Mb n/a
PubMed search [1] n/a
View/Edit Human

Calmodulin 3 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CALM3 gene.

External links[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Reed GJ, Boczek NJ, Etheridge SP, Ackerman MJ (2015). "CALM3 mutation associated with long QT syndrome". Heart Rhythm. 12 (2): 419–22. doi:10.1016/j.hrthm.2014.10.035. PMID 25460178. 
  • Zhang M, Yuan T (1999). "Molecular mechanisms of calmodulin's functional versatility". Biochem. Cell Biol. 76 (2–3): 313–23. doi:10.1139/bcb-76-2-3-313. PMID 9923700. 
  • Gusev NB (2002). "Some properties of caldesmon and calponin and the participation of these proteins in regulation of smooth muscle contraction and cytoskeleton formation". Biochemistry Mosc. 66 (10): 1112–21. doi:10.1023/A:1012480829618. PMID 11736632. 
  • Benaim G, Villalobo A (2002). "Phosphorylation of calmodulin. Functional implications". Eur. J. Biochem. 269 (15): 3619–31. doi:10.1046/j.1432-1033.2002.03038.x. PMID 12153558. 
  • Chattopadhyaya R, Meador WE, Means AR, Quiocho FA (1993). "Calmodulin structure refined at 1.7 A resolution". J. Mol. Biol. 228 (4): 1177–92. doi:10.1016/0022-2836(92)90324-D. PMID 1474585. 
  • Koller M, Schnyder B, Strehler EE (1990). "Structural organization of the human CaMIII calmodulin gene". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 1087 (2): 180–9. doi:10.1016/0167-4781(90)90203-e. PMID 2223880. 
  • Pegues JC, Friedberg F (1990). "Multiple mRNAs encoding human calmodulin". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 172 (3): 1145–9. doi:10.1016/0006-291X(90)91567-C. PMID 2244899. 
  • SenGupta B, Friedberg F, Detera-Wadleigh SD (1988). "Molecular analysis of human and rat calmodulin complementary DNA clones. Evidence for additional active genes in these species". J. Biol. Chem. 262 (34): 16663–70. PMID 2445749. 
  • Baudier J, Mochly-Rosen D, Newton A, et al. (1987). "Comparison of S100b protein with calmodulin: interactions with melittin and microtubule-associated tau proteins and inhibition of phosphorylation of tau proteins by protein kinase C". Biochemistry. 26 (10): 2886–93. doi:10.1021/bi00384a033. PMID 3111527. 
  • Fischer R, Koller M, Flura M, et al. (1988). "Multiple divergent mRNAs code for a single human calmodulin". J. Biol. Chem. 263 (32): 17055–62. PMID 3182832. 
  • Wawrzynczak EJ, Perham RN (1984). "Isolation and nucleotide sequence of a cDNA encoding human calmodulin". Biochem. Int. 9 (2): 177–85. PMID 6385987. 
  • Sasagawa T, Ericsson LH, Walsh KA, et al. (1982). "Complete amino acid sequence of human brain calmodulin". Biochemistry. 21 (10): 2565–9. doi:10.1021/bi00539a041. PMID 7093203. 
  • Cook WJ, Walter LJ, Walter MR (1995). "Drug binding by calmodulin: crystal structure of a calmodulin-trifluoperazine complex". Biochemistry. 33 (51): 15259–65. doi:10.1021/bi00255a006. PMID 7803388. 
  • Rhyner JA, Ottiger M, Wicki R, et al. (1994). "Structure of the human CALM1 calmodulin gene and identification of two CALM1-related pseudogenes CALM1P1 and CALM1P2". Eur. J. Biochem. 225 (1): 71–82. doi:10.1111/j.1432-1033.1994.00071.x. PMID 7925473. 
  • Srinivas SK, Srinivas RV, Anantharamaiah GM, et al. (1993). "Cytosolic domain of the human immunodeficiency virus envelope glycoproteins binds to calmodulin and inhibits calmodulin-regulated proteins". J. Biol. Chem. 268 (30): 22895–9. PMID 8226798. 
  • Miller MA, Mietzner TA, Cloyd MW, et al. (1994). "Identification of a calmodulin-binding and inhibitory peptide domain in the HIV-1 transmembrane glycoprotein". AIDS Res. Hum. Retroviruses. 9 (11): 1057–66. doi:10.1089/aid.1993.9.1057. PMID 8312049. 
  • Berchtold MW, Egli R, Rhyner JA, et al. (1993). "Localization of the human bona fide calmodulin genes CALM1, CALM2, and CALM3 to chromosomes 14q24-q31, 2p21.1-p21.3, and 19q13.2-q13.3". Genomics. 16 (2): 461–5. doi:10.1006/geno.1993.1211. PMID 8314583. 
  • Koller M, Strehler EE (1993). "Functional analysis of the promoters of the human CaMIII calmodulin gene and of the intronless gene coding for a calmodulin-like protein". Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 1163 (1): 1–9. doi:10.1016/0167-4838(93)90271-R. PMID 8476923. 
  • Radding W, Pan ZQ, Hunter E, et al. (1996). "Expression of HIV-1 envelope glycoprotein alters cellular calmodulin". Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 218 (1): 192–7. doi:10.1006/bbrc.1996.0034. PMID 8573130. 
  • Pan Z, Radding W, Zhou T, et al. (1996). "Role of calmodulin in HIV-potentiated Fas-mediated apoptosis". Am. J. Pathol. 149 (3): 903–10. PMC 1865159Freely accessible. PMID 8780394. 
  • Sasaki M, Uchiyama J, Ishikawa H, et al. (1996). "Induction of apoptosis by calmodulin-dependent intracellular Ca2+ elevation in CD4+ cells expressing gp 160 of HIV". Virology. 224 (1): 18–24. doi:10.1006/viro.1996.0502. PMID 8862395. 

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