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CATOBAR (Catapult Assisted Take-Off But Arrested Recovery or Catapult Assisted Take-Off Barrier Arrested Recovery) is a system used for the launch and recovery of aircraft from the deck of an aircraft carrier. Under this technique, aircraft launch using a catapult-assisted take-off and land on the ship (the recovery phase) using arrestor wires.
Although this system is more costly than alternative methods, it provides greater flexibility in carrier operations, since it imposes less onerous design elements on fixed wing aircraft than alternative methods of launch and recovery such as STOVL or STOBAR.
The United States Navy is developing a system to launch carrier-based aircraft from catapults using a linear motor drive instead, called the EMALS.
The catapult system in use in modern CATOBAR carriers is the steam catapult. Its primary advantage is the amount of power and control it can provide. During World War II the US Navy used a hydraulic catapult.
INS Vishal, India's second indigenous aircraft carrier of the Vikrant-class, is planned to be of 65,000 ton displacement and to utilize the EMALS electromagnetic aircraft launch system developed by General Atomics as it supports heavier fighters, AEW aircraft and UCAVs that cannot launch using a STOBAR ski jump ramps.
Active CATOBAR Aircraft Carriers
|Class||Picture||Origin||No.of ships||Propulsion||Displacement||Operator||Aircraft Carried|
|Nimitz||United States||10||Nuclear||100,020 tonnes|
|Charles de Gaulle||France||1||Nuclear||37,085 tonnes||French Navy||* Rafale M
|São Paulo||France||1||Conventional||24,200 tonnes||Brazilian Navy||*A-4 Skyhawk|
- "Gerald R Ford Class (CVN 78/79)". naval-technology.com. Retrieved 15 January 2014.
- "Indian Navy seeks EMALS system for second Vikrant-class aircraft carrier".