CBC Radio Orchestra
The CBC Radio Orchestra was a Canadian orchestra based in Vancouver, British Columbia, that was operated by the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Until the early 1980s CBC had a number of orchestras located in Winnipeg, Toronto, Montreal, and Halifax but due to federal government budget cuts they were eliminated and the CBC Vancouver Orchestra was promoted to national status. It changed names in 2000 to reflect its status as the CBC's only broadcast orchestra; the last radio orchestra in North America.
The orchestra was founded in 1938 under the name the CBC Vancouver Chamber Orchestra. A predecessor of the CBC, the Canadian National Railway Radio network also had a radio orchestra. The Canadian National Railway Radio Orchestra was conducted by Henri Miro in 1931–32.
Over the years guest conductors have included Raffi Armenian, Kees Bakels, Michel Corboz, Victor Feldbrill, Serge Garant, Monica Huggett, Milton Katims, Gary Kulesha, Sir Ernest MacMillan, Ettore Mazzoleni, Geoffrey Moull, Harry Newstone, Yannick Nézet-Séguin, Jaap Schroeder, Georg Tintner, Owen Underhill, Heinz Unger, and Jon Washburn. Most of Canada's leading concert artists have appeared as soloists.
The orchestra had 45 members at the time its dissolution was announced. It has had only four conductors in its existence. The first was John Avison who led the orchestra until 1980. For 2 years the baton was held by John Eliot Gardiner. Between 1984 and 2006 the lead conductor was Mario Bernardi. On April 30, 2006, Canadian trombonist Alain Trudel was named musical director of the orchestra, replacing Mario Bernardi as of fall 2006.
The orchestra generally performed two (fall and winter/spring) or three concert series each season. It has performed in Festival Vancouver for a number of years. Past tours have included an Arctic Tour in 1973, Coastal B.C. tour in the early 1970s, Markham and Toronto, Ontario in the late 1990s, a trip to Yellowknife in the December 2004 and to Iqaluit, Baffin Island in September 2008. The orchestra performs most of its concerts at the Chan Shun Concert Hall of the University of British Columbia. Although from time to time it also performs at the Theatre in Vancouver. For 65 years the orchestra's main services were as a studio broadcast and vinyl l.p. and c.d. recording orchestra responsible for an active program of commissioning, performing and recording new Canadian compositions. In 2004 an album of its recordings won a Juno Award for Large Ensemble Classical Recording. This successful business plan was later altered and they were restricted to performing in public broadcast concerts only at the Chan Shun Concert Hall in Vancouver.
The demise of the CBC Radio Orchestra was met with a negative reaction in the classical music community and significant coverage in the media including a front page, large article in the Vancouver Sun, a prominent article in Vancouver's Georgia Straight and even coverage in The New York Times. There have also been protests outside CBC locations across Canada. Several Members of Parliament from different parties expressed their opposition to the orchestra's demise at a May 2, 2008 meeting of the House Standing Committee on Canadian Heritage; Bill Siksay (NDP - Burnaby—Douglas), Denis Coderre (Liberal Canadian Heritage Critic) and Ed Fast (Conservative - Abbotsford).
National Broadcast Orchestra
On November 1, 2008, CBCRO musical director Alain Trudel announced that the orchestra would attempt to continue independently of the CBC, as the National Broadcast Orchestra of Canada with plans to perform six to 10 concerts a year with a contingent of between 35 and 50 players. The NBO will have a projected budget of $1 million to be provided through fundraising though the ensemble hopes to eventually qualify for government grants. Trudel says the orchestra will continue to concentrate on North American music and new works by Canadian composers and intends to be a multimedia orchestra utilizing webcasting as well as undertaking radio and television projects. In 2010 the orchestra, based in Vancouver, prepared for its first concert; the program included The Sparrow’s Ledger, a CBC-commissioned composition by Michael Oesterle.
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- "Henri (Enrique) Miro, composer, conductor and critic (1879-1950)"[permanent dead link], Library and Archives Canada, accessed January 22, 2008
- CBC Radio Orchestra - The Canadian Encyclopedia
- "CARAS Scores A Hit With 2004 Juno Awards". Soul Shine. 2004-04-05
- CBC Symphony Orchestra, The Canadian Encyclopedia, accessed January 22, 2008
- "Cross-Canada protests decry CBC Radio changes, orchestra's end". CBC.ca. 2008-04-11. Retrieved 2008-04-13.
- The National Broadcast Orchestra: a non-CBC rebirth Archived 2016-01-07 at the Wayback Machine
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- "National Broadcast Orchestra rises again through Internet". Georgia Straight, by Alexander Varty on January 6th, 2010