CBK (AM)

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CBK
Cbc radio one watrous.svg
CityWatrous, Saskatchewan
Broadcast areaSouthern and Central Saskatchewan
BrandingCBC Radio One
Frequency540 kHz
First air dateJuly 29, 1939
FormatNews/Talk
Power50,000 watts
ClassA (clear-channel)
Transmitter coordinates51°40′48″N 105°26′48″W / 51.68000°N 105.44667°W / 51.68000; -105.44667
Callsign meaningCanadian Broadcasting Corporation Henry Kelsey
OwnerCanadian Broadcasting Corporation
Sister stationsCBK-FM, CBKT-DT, CBKFT-DT, CBKST (defunct)
WebsiteCBC Saskatchewan

CBK (540 kHz) is a Canadian public radio station, licensed to Watrous, Saskatchewan. It broadcasts the CBC Radio One network to most of southern Saskatchewan. Its studios are located at the CBC's broadcast centre at 2440 Broad Street in Regina, with an additional bureau in Saskatoon. The Regina facility also houses CBK-FM and CBKT-DT.

Transmitter and Signal[edit]

When the CBC established CBK, it located the transmitter in Watrous, about 150 kilometres (90 miles) northwest of Regina and about 100 kilometres (60 miles) southeast of Saskatoon.[1] The site, off Agnes Street, was chosen to provide the best possible AM broadcast signal to the densely populated portion of Saskatchewan, including both cities. CBK operates as a non-directional 50,000 watt Class A clear-channel station.

Due to its location near the bottom of the AM dial, high transmitter power and Saskatchewan's superb soil conductivity, CBK's daytime signal reaches most of the southern two-thirds of the province, including Regina, Saskatoon, Yorkton, Swift Current, Lloydminster, Moose Jaw and Prince Albert. It also provides grade B coverage as far west as Calgary and as far east as Winnipeg, and reaches across the border into North Dakota and Montana.

At night, with a good radio, it can be heard across much of the western half of North America, but is strongest in Western Canada and the North-Central and Northwestern United States. Mexico also has a Class A station on 540 AM, XEWA in San Luis Potosí, so CBK's signal is harder to receive closer to the Mexico–United States border.

History[edit]

CBK was launched by the CBC in 1939, serving most of Saskatchewan from the single transmitter site. It was originally intended as the CBC's clear-channel station for the Prairies. (CKY in Winnipeg, now CBW, was also a clear-channel, but was a privately-owned CBC Network affiliate at the time.) At first, CBK aired no local shows. All programming was initially fed from Toronto, then after 1948 from Winnipeg. A local studio didn't open until 1954, on Broad Street in Regina.

For most of World War II, CBK aired programming in both English and French.

CBK was almost forced to move its dial location in 1947, when the International Telecommunications Conference considered designating 540 for low-powered stations. Eventually, the ITC agreed to allow CBK to stay on 540 until an alternate location could be found.

In 1975 the original tube powered transmitter built by RCA was replaced by a solid state transmitter. The following year on June 4, 1976 CBK's transmitting tower was toppled by strong winds during a thunderstorm.[citation needed] CBK's staff went back on the air in the cities of Regina and Saskatoon by temporarily taking over CBC's low powered FM transmitters normally used to air French language programming. Within a few days, the 540 kHz signal was restored using a temporary tower while a new permanent one was built.

One of the station's distinctive features was its Art Deco style transmitter building in Watrous. It featured a studio to keep the station on the air in the event of an emergency, living quarters for station staff, a map of Canada showing CBC stations and private affiliates, and an underground fallout shelter with a studio to broadcast news in the event of a nuclear attack. In 2007 the transmitting equipment was moved from the original transmitter building to a steel shed next to the tower. There was an effort by the town of Watrous to designate the transmitter a historic site. In recent years the original transmitter building has been vacant and has fallen into disrepair. Due to the cost to high cost of removing dangerous materials such as asbestos and lead paint, CBC Saskatchewan decided to demolish the transmitter building in August 2015, rather than restore it.

Local Programming[edit]

CBK and its repeater stations air several local shows, in addition to CBC network programming. Weekdays begin with "The Morning Edition." At noon, "Blue Sky" is heard and in afternoon drive time, "Afternoon Edition" is broadcast. Saturday and Sunday mornings, "Saskatchewan Weekend" airs.

In Saskatoon, CBK-1-FM 94.1 has carried its own local morning program, Saskatoon Morning, in place of the Regina-based wake up show, The Morning Edition, since 2013. It airs from the CBC's Saskatoon bureau in the Affinity Building at 100-128 4th Avenue South in downtown Saskatoon. Saskatoon Morning began streaming online on April 29, and began airing on 94.1 in September after the CBC won Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission approval to move the program over-the-air. For the rest of its broadcasting day, CBK-FM-1 carries the same programming as CBK.[2]

Rebroadcasters[edit]

In 2000, the CBC opened a local FM repeater of CBK in Regina, CBKR-FM 102.5. In 2006, a Saskatoon repeater was added, CBK-1-FM 94.1. Both cities had been plagued with reception problems of the main 540 AM signal.

CBK has the following rebroadcasters. Except for its Regina, Saskatoon and Meadow Lake transmitters, all are officially part of the licence of CBKA-FM in La Ronge (see below):

Rebroadcasters of CBK
City of license Identifier Frequency RECNet CRTC Decision
Beauval CBKB-FM 101.5 FM Query
Buffalo Narrows CBKD-FM 103.5 FM Query
Cumberland House CBKV-FM 94.9 FM Query
Denare Beach CBKO-FM 94.3 FM Query
Fond-du-Lac CBKG-FM 100.1 FM Query
Île-à-la-Crosse CBKC-FM 105.1 FM Query
Island Falls CBKN-FM 105.1 FM Query
La Loche CBKE-FM 95.5 FM Query
Meadow Lake CBKM-FM 98.5 FM Query
Montreal Lake CBKL-FM 93.3 FM Query
Patuanak CBKK-FM 105.5 FM Query
Pelican Narrows CBKW-FM 105.9 FM Query
Pinehouse Lake CBKJ-FM 94.1 FM Query
Regina CBKR-FM 102.5 FM Query 99-459
Saskatoon CBK-1-FM 94.1 FM Query 2006-84
Southend CBKP-FM 91.7 FM Query
Stanley Mission CBKI-FM 95.5 FM Query
Stony Rapids CBKH-FM 93.3 FM Query
Uranium City CBDH-FM 105.1 FM Query

Community-owned rebroadcasters[edit]

Rebroadcasters of CBK
City of license Identifier Frequency RECNet CRTC Decision
Wollaston Lake VF2040 91.9 FM Query
Athabasca Hydro Station VF2280 88.1 FM Query 94-614

Though separately licensed, CBKA-FM in La Ronge is a full-time satellite of CBK. Until 2009, that station produced its own noon-hour show and regional news updates, although it aired both The Morning Edition and The Afternoon Edition.[3]

References[edit]

External links[edit]