CBU-97 Sensor Fuzed Weapon
The CBU-97 Sensor Fuzed Weapon is a United States Air Force 1,000-pound (450 kg)-class non-guided (freefall) Cluster Bomb Unit (CBU). It was developed and produced by Textron Defense Systems. The CBU-97 in conjunction with the Wind Corrected Munitions Dispenser guidance tail kit, which converts it to a precision-guided weapon, is designated CBU-105.
The CBU-97 consists of an SUU-66/B tactical munition dispenser that contains 10 BLU-108 submunitions. Each submunition contains four hockey-puck-shaped sensor-fused projectiles called Skeets. These detect target vehicles, such as tanks, armored personnel carriers, trucks and other support vehicles, and fire a kinetic energy penetrator downwards at them.
The 40 Skeets scan an area of 1,500 by 500 feet (460 m × 150 m) using infrared and laser sensors, seeking targets by pattern-matching. When a Skeet finds a target it fires an explosively-formed penetrator to destroy it. If a Skeet fails to find a target, it self-destructs 50 feet (15 m) above the ground; if this fails, a back-up timer disables the Skeet. These features are intended to avoid later civilian casualties from unexploded munitions, and result in an unexploded-ordnance rate of less than 1%.
As the CBU-97 approaches its designated aim-point, the dispenser skin is severed into three panels by an explosive cutting charge. The slipstream peels away these panels, exposing the 10 BLU-108 submunitions. An airbag ejects the forward five submunitions, then five in the aft bay. Following a preset timeline, the submunitions deploy parachutes so that they are spaced about 100 feet (30 m) apart. Then each submunition releases its chute, fires a rocket motor that stops its descent and spins it on its longitudinal axis, and releases Skeets 90 degrees apart, in pairs. Each spinning Skeet makes a coning motion that allows it to scan a circular area on the ground.
The laser sensor detects changes in apparent terrain height such as the contour of a vehicle. At the same time, infrared sensors detect heat signatures, such as those emitted by the engine of a vehicle. When the combination of height contours and heat signatures indicative of a target are detected, the Skeet detonates, firing an explosively-formed penetrator (EFP), a kinetic energy penetrator, down into the target at high speed, sufficient to penetrate armor plating and destroy what is protected by it. Even well-armored vehicles such as main battle tanks, while having massive armor protection on the front and sides, are only lightly armored above, and relatively easily penetrated. Each bomb can spread penetrators over an area of 15 acres (61,000 square metres) or more. According to an ABC News consultant, an attack by this bomb would basically stop an armored convoy moving down a road. While the bomb was designed during the Cold War for fighter-bombers flying at low altitude below radar cover to attack Soviet tanks, a single B-52 high altitude heavy bomber can destroy an entire armored division with these bombs, where in the past dozens of aircraft would have had to drop hundreds of bombs for the same effect.
In addition to the United States, the CBU-105 has been ordered by India, Oman, Serbia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Philippines, Turkey, and the United Arab Emirates.
- Type: Freefall bomb
- Weight: 927 pounds (420 kg)
- Name: CBU-97 Sensor Fused Weapon (SFW)
- Length: 92 inches (234 cm)
- Diameter: 15.6 inches (40 cm)
- Dispenser: SW-65 tactical dispenser
- Bomblets: 10 × BLU-108/B
- Warhead: Armour Piercing
- Unit Cost: $360,000 - baseline [$ FY90]
- CBU-107 Passive Attack Weapon, WCMD guided bomb which drops non-explosive metal rods
- "Lockheed Martin WCMD". www.designation-systems.net.
- ABC: United States announced the sale to India-based 521 CBU-105 cluster bombs, 2011-08-30 Archived 2012-07-24 at the Wayback Machine.
- News, A. B. C. (7 January 2006). "Targeting Tanks with Smart Cluster Bombs". ABC News.
- Pike, John. "CBU-97 Sensor Fuzed Weapon - Dumb Bombs". www.globalsecurity.org.
- Hoyle, Craig. "AERO INDIA: Textron launches production of CBU-105 sensor fuzed weapon for India." Flight Magazine. February 10, 2011.
- Hoyle, Craig. "" Flight Magazine. June 15, 2011.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-03-03. Retrieved 2017-08-25.
- Report: Saudi Arabia used U.S.-supplied cluster bombs in Yemen - CNN.com, 4 May 2015
- Hockey Pucks From Hell - Strategypage.com, 13 September 2013
- Sensor Fuzed Weapon (SFW) - Textron Defense Systems
- Federation of American Scientists article about SFW's
- GlobalSecurity.org: CBU-97 Sensor Fuzed Weapon
- GlobalSecurity.org: CBU-105 Wind Corrected Munition Dispenser (WCMD)
- GlobalSecurity.org: BLU-108/B Submunition
- Animated Video of SFW Deployment
- Live exercise / Field test of CBU-97