CCID (chip card interface device) protocol is a USB protocol that allows a smartcard to be connected to a computer via a card reader using a standard USB interface, without the need for each manufacturer of smartcards to provide its own reader or protocol. This allows the smartcard to be used as a security token for authentication and data encryption, such as that used in BitLocker. Chip card interface devices come in a variety of forms. The smallest CCID form is a standard USB dongle and may contain a SIM card or Secure Digital card inside the USB dongle. Another popular interface is a USB smart card reader keyboard, which in addition to being a standard USB keyboard, has an built-in slot for accepting a smartcard. However, not all CCID compliant devices accept removable smartcards, for example, select Yubikey hardware authentication devices support CCID, where they play the role of both the card reader and the smartcard itself.
According to the CCID specification by the USB standards work group, a CCID exchanges information through a host computer over USB by using a CCID message that consists of a 10-byte header followed by message-specific data. The standard defines fourteen commands that the host computer can use to send data and status and control information in messages. Every command requires at least one response message from the CCID.
CCID driver support has been natively supported by Microsoft beginning with Windows 2000. Apple has included some form of native CCID support since Mac OS X, with support evolving alongside Common Access Card and Personal Identity Verification specifications set by the US Federal Government. On Linux and other Unixes, CCID and CT-API devices are usually accessed with user-space drivers, for which no special kernel adaptation is required.
List of CCID providers
- Advanced Card Systems
- Blutronics srl
- Giesecke & Devrient
- HID Global
- rf IDEAS
- SecuTech Solutions
- Reiner Kartenlesegeräte
- US patent 7748636, Finn, David, "Portable identity card reader system for physical and logical access", published 2010-07-06, assigned to Dpd Patent Trust Ltd.
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- "Microsoft Class Drivers for USB CCID Smart Cards". Microsoft Developer Network. Microsoft. Retrieved January 26, 2015.
- "Jamf Pro Overview—macOS Smart card Functionality" (PDF). Jamf. 2018. p. 7. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2020-11-26. Retrieved 2020-11-26.
- "Intro to smart card integration". Apple Support. Apple. Archived from the original on 2020-11-26. Retrieved 2020-11-26.
- "CCID free software driver". Retrieved June 22, 2018.