CCTV-1

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CCTV-1 综合
CCTV-1综合.png
Launched 2 September 1958; 60 years ago (1958-09-02)
Owned by China Central Television
Picture format 16:9/4:3 (576i, SDTV)
16:9 (1080i, HDTV)
Country China
Language Chinese
Broadcast area National; also distributed in other Asia countries on cable and satellite
Headquarters China Central Television Headquarters
East 3rd Ring Road
Chaoyang Metropolitan
Beijing, People's Republic of China
Formerly called Peking Television (1958-1978)
China Central Television Program 1 (1978-1995)
China Central Television News and Comprehersion Channel (1995-2003)
Website CCTV-1
Availability
Terrestrial
Analog TV (PAL-D) Analog channel number varies by area.
Digital TV (DTMB) Digital channel number varies by area.
RTHK (Hong Kong) Channel 33 (HD)
Analogue channel number varies by area.
Satellite
Satellite Channel 1 (encrypted)
Chinasat-6B 3840 H 27500 [2](encrypted)
Cable
Cable Usually Channel 1 (SD)
Channel number varies by area (HD)
IPTV
Now TV (Hong Kong) Channel 541[1]
Streaming media
CNTV CCTV-1

CCTV-1 (China Central Television) is the primary channel in CCTV, the national flagship terrestrial television network of the People's Republic of China. It broadcasts a range of programs from China Central Television Headquarters at East 3rd Ring Road in Beijing and is available to both cable and terrestrial television viewers. The terrestrial signal of CCTV-1 is free-to-air across China. However, due to copyright restrictions, the satellite signal of CCTV-1 is encrypted, and smartcards are necessary for decryption.[3][4]

History[edit]

Peking Television (1958-1978)[edit]

Initially branded as Peking Television (not to be confused with the present-day Beijing Television), CCTV-1 was launched on an experimental basis on 2 April 1958 and officially began broadcasting for 6 hours each day starting on 2 September 1958. Peking Television was granted a free-to-air terrestrial television broadcasting license in the 1960s. It began broadcasting experimentally in colour in 1971, and later launched via satellite transmissions in 1972 for major events. The first colour programmes were PAL-D/K, and full-time colour broadcasting began in 1977.

China Central Television (1978–present)[edit]

On 1 May 1978, Peking Television was renamed China Central Television (CCTV) with the approval of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. CCTV began domestic satellite transmissions in 1984 using the Dong Fang Hong 2 satellite. In 1988, it began stereo broadcasting on all television channels. In 1994, it moved satellite broadcasting from Chinasat-3 to Chinasat-4, a quality-level broadcaster. It turned on its digital signal in 2002. CCTV-1 began broadcasting 24 hours a day on 1 October 2004 and began high-definition broadcasting on 28 September 2009. On 1 March 2011, Hong Kong's Asia Television (ATV) started relaying CCTV-1 instead of CCTV-4, a Hong Kong-based free-to-air digital terrestrial station that is usually tuned to 15 on the UHF band.

Transmission hours[edit]

All times shown below are China Standard Time.

  • 1958-1978: 7:00 pm-10:30 pm
  • 1978-1987: 9:00 am-1:00 pm, 5:00 pm-11:30 pm
  • 1987-1993: 8:25 am-11:50 pm
  • 1993-1997: 6:50 am-12:50 am tomorrow
  • 1997-2001: 5:55 am-1:10 am tomorrow
  • 2001-2004: 5:55 am-2:05 am tomorrow
  • 2004-present: 24 hours a day

Broadcasting length[edit]

Live programming is used on special occasions such as the Chinese National Day, Handover of Hong Kong, Hong Kong International Airport, Taiwanese earthquake, 11 September 2001, Sichuan earthquake, Asian Games and Summer Olympic Games.

Programmes[edit]

Normal[edit]

  • Xinwen Lianbo
  • Waiting For Me
  • Nightly News
  • Morning News (朝闻天下)
  • News 30'
  • Focus Report (焦点访谈)
  • Weather Forecast
  • Beyond the Edge
  • Great Challenge (了不起的挑战)
  • Legal Report (今日说法)
  • Population
  • Animal World
  • Human and Nature
  • Sheng Huo Quan
  • Where I'm Coming From
  • Insight
  • They Work Miracles (他们创造奇迹)
  • Fascinating Documentary

Special[edit]

High-definition[edit]

CCTV-1 HD is a simulcast network version of CCTV-1 in high-definition. All standard-definition content is upscaled to high-definition output. The rest of the programming hours consist of mainly upscaled resolution CCTV-1 simulcast. The horizontal resolution was increased to 1920 pixels. CCTV-1 HD was created specifically for the 2008 Summer Olympics and the 2008 Summer Paralympics at the Beijing National Stadium. For the duration of the 2012 Summer Olympics broadcasting was increased to 24 hours a day to provide extra coverage of the Summer Olympic Games events.

Hong Kong Version[edit]

A re-compiled edition of CCTV-1 started broadcasting in Hong Kong on March 1, 2011, and relaunched DTT platform in Hong Kong on May 29, 2017. The Hong Kong version also broadcasts in Macao.

Due to copyright and law restrictions, commercial advertisements, some TV dramas and some entertainment shows are not aired on CCTV-1 Hong Kong version.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CCTV-1 中央電視台綜合頻道 - 頻道 - now TV" (in Chinese). Now TV. Retrieved 18 December 2015. 
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ [2]
  4. ^ According to LyngSat site, the encryption for CCTV-1 is VideoGuard.

External links[edit]