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Available structures
PDB Ortholog search: PDBe RCSB
Aliases CDC16, ANAPC6, APC6, CUT9, CDC16Hs, cell division cycle 16
External IDs MGI: 1917207 HomoloGene: 2899 GeneCards: CDC16
Gene location (Human)
Chromosome 13 (human)
Chr. Chromosome 13 (human)[1]
Chromosome 13 (human)
Genomic location for CDC16
Genomic location for CDC16
Band 13q34 Start 114,234,887 bp[1]
End 114,272,723 bp[1]
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE CDC16 202717 s at fs.png

PBB GE CDC16 209658 at fs.png

PBB GE CDC16 209659 s at fs.png
More reference expression data
Species Human Mouse
RefSeq (mRNA)


RefSeq (protein)


Location (UCSC) Chr 13: 114.23 – 114.27 Mb Chr 8: 13.76 – 13.78 Mb
PubMed search [3] [4]
View/Edit Human View/Edit Mouse

Cell division cycle protein 16 homolog is a protein that in humans is encoded by the CDC16 gene.[5][6]


This gene encodes a component protein of the APC complex, which is composed of eight proteins and functions as a protein ubiquitin ligase. The APC complex is a cyclin degradation system that governs exit from mitosis. Each component protein of the APC complex is highly conserved among eukaryotic organisms. This protein and two other APC complex proteins, CDC23 and CDC27, contain a tetratricopeptide repeat (TPR), a protein domain that may be involved in protein-protein interaction. Multiple alternatively spliced variants, encoding the same protein, have been identified.[6]


CDC16 has been shown to interact with CDC27[7][8][9][10] and CDC20.[7][9][11][12]


  1. ^ a b c GRCh38: Ensembl release 89: ENSG00000130177 - Ensembl, May 2017
  2. ^ a b c GRCm38: Ensembl release 89: ENSMUSG00000038416 - Ensembl, May 2017
  3. ^ "Human PubMed Reference:". 
  4. ^ "Mouse PubMed Reference:". 
  5. ^ Tugendreich S, Tomkiel J, Earnshaw W, Hieter P (Apr 1995). "CDC27Hs colocalizes with CDC16Hs to the centrosome and mitotic spindle and is essential for the metaphase to anaphase transition". Cell. 81 (2): 261–8. doi:10.1016/0092-8674(95)90336-4. PMID 7736578. 
  6. ^ a b "Entrez Gene: CDC16 cell division cycle 16 homolog (S. cerevisiae)". 
  7. ^ a b Vodermaier HC, Gieffers C, Maurer-Stroh S, Eisenhaber F, Peters JM (Sep 2003). "TPR subunits of the anaphase-promoting complex mediate binding to the activator protein CDH1". Current Biology. 13 (17): 1459–68. doi:10.1016/S0960-9822(03)00581-5. PMID 12956947. 
  8. ^ Ollendorff V, Donoghue DJ (Dec 1997). "The serine/threonine phosphatase PP5 interacts with CDC16 and CDC27, two tetratricopeptide repeat-containing subunits of the anaphase-promoting complex". The Journal of Biological Chemistry. 272 (51): 32011–8. doi:10.1074/jbc.272.51.32011. PMID 9405394. 
  9. ^ a b Kallio M, Weinstein J, Daum JR, Burke DJ, Gorbsky GJ (Jun 1998). "Mammalian p55CDC mediates association of the spindle checkpoint protein Mad2 with the cyclosome/anaphase-promoting complex, and is involved in regulating anaphase onset and late mitotic events". The Journal of Cell Biology. 141 (6): 1393–406. doi:10.1083/jcb.141.6.1393. PMC 2132789Freely accessible. PMID 9628895. 
  10. ^ Gmachl M, Gieffers C, Podtelejnikov AV, Mann M, Peters JM (Aug 2000). "The RING-H2 finger protein APC11 and the E2 enzyme UBC4 are sufficient to ubiquitinate substrates of the anaphase-promoting complex". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 97 (16): 8973–8. doi:10.1073/pnas.97.16.8973. PMC 16806Freely accessible. PMID 10922056. 
  11. ^ Kallio MJ, Beardmore VA, Weinstein J, Gorbsky GJ (Sep 2002). "Rapid microtubule-independent dynamics of Cdc20 at kinetochores and centrosomes in mammalian cells". The Journal of Cell Biology. 158 (5): 841–7. doi:10.1083/jcb.200201135. PMC 2173153Freely accessible. PMID 12196507. 
  12. ^ Nilsson J, Yekezare M, Minshull J, Pines J (Dec 2008). "The APC/C maintains the spindle assembly checkpoint by targeting Cdc20 for destruction". Nature Cell Biology. 10 (12): 1411–20. doi:10.1038/ncb1799. PMC 2635557Freely accessible. PMID 18997788. 

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