M-phase inducer phosphatase 3 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the CDC25Cgene.
This gene is highly conserved during evolution and it plays a key role in the regulation of cell division. The encoded protein is a tyrosine phosphatase and belongs to the Cdc25 phosphatase family. It directs dephosphorylation of cyclin B-bound CDC2 (CDK1) and triggers entry into mitosis. It is also thought to suppress p53-induced growth arrest. Multiple alternatively spliced transcript variants of this gene have been described, however, the full-length nature of many of them is not known.
^Gould KL, Moreno S, Tonks NK, Nurse P (Feb 1991). "Complementation of the mitotic activator, p80cdc25, by a human protein-tyrosine phosphatase". Science. 250 (4987): 1573–6. PMID1703321. doi:10.1126/science.1703321.
Kino T, Chrousos GP (2004). "Human immunodeficiency virus type-1 accessory protein Vpr: a causative agent of the AIDS-related insulin resistance/lipodystrophy syndrome?". Ann. N. Y. Acad. Sci. 1024: 153–67. PMID15265780. doi:10.1196/annals.1321.013.
Sartor H, Ehlert F, Grzeschik KH, et al. (1992). "Assignment of two human cell cycle genes, CDC25C and CCNB1, to 5q31 and 5q12, respectively". Genomics. 13 (3): 911–2. PMID1386342. doi:10.1016/0888-7543(92)90190-4.
Strausfeld U, Labbé JC, Fesquet D, et al. (1991). "Dephosphorylation and activation of a p34cdc2/cyclin B complex in vitro by human CDC25 protein". Nature. 351 (6323): 242–5. PMID1828290. doi:10.1038/351242a0.
Galaktionov K, Beach D (1992). "Specific activation of cdc25 tyrosine phosphatases by B-type cyclins: evidence for multiple roles of mitotic cyclins". Cell. 67 (6): 1181–94. PMID1836978. doi:10.1016/0092-8674(91)90294-9.
Strausfeld U, Fernandez A, Capony JP, et al. (1994). "Activation of p34cdc2 protein kinase by microinjection of human cdc25C into mammalian cells. Requirement for prior phosphorylation of cdc25C by p34cdc2 on sites phosphorylated at mitosis". J. Biol. Chem. 269 (8): 5989–6000. PMID8119945.
Taviaux SA, Demaille JG (1993). "Localization of human cell cycle regulatory genes CDC25C to 5q31 and WEE1 to 11p15.3-11p15.1 by fluorescence in situ hybridization". Genomics. 15 (1): 194–6. PMID8432534. doi:10.1006/geno.1993.1032.
Honda R, Ohba Y, Nagata A, et al. (1993). "Dephosphorylation of human p34cdc2 kinase on both Thr-14 and Tyr-15 by human cdc25B phosphatase". FEBS Lett. 318 (3): 331–4. PMID8440392. doi:10.1016/0014-5793(93)80540-B.
Booher RN, Holman PS, Fattaey A (1997). "Human Myt1 is a cell cycle-regulated kinase that inhibits Cdc2 but not Cdk2 activity". J. Biol. Chem. 272 (35): 22300–6. PMID9268380. doi:10.1074/jbc.272.35.22300.
Sanchez Y, Wong C, Thoma RS, et al. (1997). "Conservation of the Chk1 checkpoint pathway in mammals: linkage of DNA damage to Cdk regulation through Cdc25". Science. 277 (5331): 1497–501. PMID9278511. doi:10.1126/science.277.5331.1497.