CFB Bagotville

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CFB Bagotville

Bagotville Airport

Aéroport Saguenay-Bagotville
CFB Bagotville (CYBG).jpg
Summary
Airport typeMilitary/Private
OwnerGovernment of Canada
OperatorDND/Aéroport Saguenay-BagotvilleA
ServesSaguenay, Quebec
LocationBagotville
Time zoneEST (UTC−05:00)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC−04:00)
Elevation AMSL522 ft / 159 m
Coordinates48°19′50″N 070°59′47″W / 48.33056°N 70.99639°W / 48.33056; -70.99639Coordinates: 48°19′50″N 070°59′47″W / 48.33056°N 70.99639°W / 48.33056; -70.99639
Websitewww.rcaf-arc.forces.gc.ca/en/3-wing/index.page
Map
CYBG is located in Quebec
CYBG
CYBG
CYBG is located in Canada
CYBG
CYBG
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
11/29 10,000 3,048 Asphalt/concrete
18/36 6,000 1,829 Asphalt

Canadian Forces Base Bagotville (IATA: YBG, ICAO: CYBG), commonly referred to as CFB Bagotville, and also known as Bagotville Airport or Saguenay-Bagotville Airport, is a Canadian Forces base located 4.5 nautical miles (8.3 km; 5.2 mi) west of Bagotville in the city of Saguenay. Located in the centre of Quebec, less than 200 km (120 mi) north of Quebec City,[4] CFB Bagotville is operated as an air force base by the Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) and is one of two bases in the country using the CF-18 Hornet fighter/interceptor, the other being CFB Cold Lake. Its primary RCAF lodger unit is 3 Wing, commonly referred to as 3 Wing Bagotville.[5]

CFB Bagotville's airfield is also used by civilian aircraft, with civilian operations at the base referring to the facility as Saguenay-Bagotville Airport (French: Aéroport Saguenay-Bagotville). The airport is classified as an airport of entry by Nav Canada and is staffed by the Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA). CBSA officers can handle civilian aircraft with no more than 30 passengers between 0800-1630 on weekdays.[6]

As of July 2019, the base commander is Colonel Normand Gagné.[7]

As of 2018, approximately 1,700 military and civilian people work at CFB Bagotville.[8]

History[edit]

World War II (1941–1945)[edit]

At the height of the Second World War, the RCAF selected a relatively level farming area at the head of navigable waters in the Saguenay Fjord to be the site of several aerodromes during 1941. This area was considered useful for RCAF purposes, given the amount of cleared land in the region, its relative geographic isolation and proximity to the deepwater port of Port-Alfred, as well as access to the adjacent railway network. Construction began that summer and continued through the winter and following spring on RCAF Station St-Honoré near Chicoutimi and RCAF Station Bagotville in La Baie.

The base at St-Honoré opened in June 1942, followed by Bagotville on 17 July 1942;[9] St-Honoré being operated as a sub-base to Bagotville. RCAF Station Bagotville[8] hosted the 1 Operational Training Unit (1 OTU) which trained pilots from commonwealth nations under the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan (BCATP), as well as the 130 Panthère Squadron, which was an operational RCAF air defence unit intended to protect the massive Alcan aluminum smelter in nearby Arvida (one of the largest industrial facilities in Canada at the time), and associated hydro-electric facilities in the Saguenay region. During 1942 Quebec's coastal regions along the lower Saint Lawrence River and Gulf of Saint Lawrence were witnessing the Battle of the St. Lawrence as German U-boats were sinking Canadian shipping throughout the area. RCAF Station Bagotville was established, along with RCAF Station Mont-Joli to counter the U-boat menace to Canada's war effort and placate local fears.

Early training aircraft operating from RCAF Station Bagotville included Curtiss Kittyhawk, Westland Lysander, North American Harvard and Hawker Hurricane. 130 Squadron, which was deployed at the base to provide regional air defence to key industrial facilities, used the motto "Défendez le Saguenay", which was later adopted by the entire base. On 1 August 1942 the 12 Radar Detachment was deployed to provide air traffic control. On 24 October 1943 129 Squadron took over from 130 Squadron as the regional air defence unit; two months later in December 129 Squadron was redeployed from Saguenay and the 1 OTU was retasked with regional air defence duties.

Toward the end of the war, RCAF Station Bagotville began to decline in activity as the requirement for BCATP training decreased. On 28 October 1944 the 1 OTU ceased operations, followed by the 12 Radar Detachment. In 29 pilot training courses given by 1 OTU at RCAF Station Bagotville (and St-Honoré), 940 pilots successfully graduated and 41 were killed during training.[10]

In November 1944 1 OTU was disbanded and the closure of RCAF Station Bagotville and its secondary facilities at RCAF Station St-Honoré was announced; they were closed and mothballed on 5 January 1945.[10]

Aerodrome[edit]

In approximately 1942 the aerodrome was listed as RCAF Aerodrome - Saguenay, Province of Quebec at 48°20′N 71°00′W / 48.333°N 71.000°W / 48.333; -71.000 with a variation of 23 degrees E and elevation of 510 ft (160 m). Three runways were listed as follows: [11]

Runway name Length Width Surface
6/24 4,000 ft (1,200 m) 150 ft (46 m) Hard surfaced
11/29 4,975 ft (1,516 m) 150 ft (46 m) Hard surfaced
18/36 4,000 ft (1,200 m) 150 ft (46 m) Hard surfaced

Cold War (1951–1993)[edit]

The escalating tensions brought about by the Cold War and the Korean War saw RCAF Station Bagotville reactivated on 1 July 1951[4] as a training base for air defence squadrons deploying in support of NATO's defence of western Europe from the Warsaw Pact.[9] Two squadrons, 413 and 414, initially trained at Bagotville using De Havilland Vampire and F-86 Sabre aircraft. On 7 March 1953 both squadrons deployed to Europe and the base was quiet through the rest of that year.[10]

CFB Bagotville plays a role in NATO defense.

No. 431 (Fighter) Squadron re-formed at RCAF Station Bagotville on 18 January 1954 using the Sabre. The squadron was formed on a temporary basis until there were enough new CF-100s available to fulfill RCAF squadron needs and was deactivated on 1 October 1954. Also in 1954 432 and 440 squadrons were transferred to RCAF Station Bagotville flying the CF-100 Canuck all-weather fighter.[10] In 1957 440 squadron deployed to RCAF Station Zweibrücken in West Germany and on 1 May 1957 413 squadron returned to the base flying the Canuck. That year also saw the CT-133 Silver Star arrive at the base as a training aircraft.[10]

In 1961 413 and 432 squadrons disbanded and 416 Squadron was formed at Bagotville flying the CF-101 Voodoo. 416 squadron was moved to RCAF Station Chatham the following year in 1962. In summer of 1962 the 425 Alouette squadron transferred to RCAF Station Bagotville flying the Voodoo; its aircraft were modified to carry the AIR-2 Genie - a nuclear-tipped air-to-air missile, with nuclear warheads being stored at Bagotville until the weapon's decommissioning in the early 1980s.[10] On 1 February 1968 the RCAF merged with the Royal Canadian Navy and Canadian Army to form the Canadian Armed Forces; RCAF Station Bagotville changed its name to Canadian Forces Base Bagotville.[10]

Later that year 410 squadron formed at CFB Bagotville to provide training. In September 1969 433 "Porc-Épic" squadron was transferred to Bagotville flying the CF-116 Freedom Fighter. In 1982 410 squadron moved to CFB Cold Lake and was replaced by 434 "Bluenose" squadron.

On 1 July 1984 425 squadron changed from the CF-101 Voodoo to the CF-188 Hornet. On 9 July 1985 434 squadron moved to CFB Chatham. In 1986 433 squadron ceased operations to restructure and reactivated in January 1988 equipped with the CF-188 Hornet.[10]

1993–present[edit]

Aerobatic performance at the Bagotville International Air Show in 2017

On 1 April 1993[4] CFB Bagotville became home to 3 Wing, which administers all Air Command units on base. The same day 439 "Tiger" squadron was reformed from elements of the existing Base Flight Bagotville,[12] flying the CT-133 Silver Star and CH-118 Huey. The CT-133 fleet was retired in 2001[13] and in 1996 439 squadron's four CH-118s were replaced by three CH-146 Griffons.

In July 1996, the base helped locals during the Saguenay flood.

On 1 March 1999 12 Radar Squadron was formed at CFB Bagotville to provide tactical control of fighter/interceptor aircraft; it replaced a radar station at RCAF Station Mont Apica which was closed.

433 Squadron disbanded in 2006 with its aircraft and personnel absorbed by 425 Squadron as a dual language Francophone/Anglophone unit. The squadron was reactivated on 9 June 2015.

Present units[edit]

The base is associated with NORAD

Today CFB Bagotville has the following squadrons and units:[5]

Bagotville also supports 414 Electronic Warfare Support Squadron. Reformed on 20 January 2009 this squadron is based in Ottawa and is composed of military Electronic Warfare Officers who fulfill the combat support role, flying on civilian contracted aircraft.[14]

The Dassault/Dornier Alpha Jets that form part of Top Aces fleet are based here as part of the CF jet training program Contracted Airborne Training Services.

CFB Bagotville hosts the Bagotville Air Cadet Summer Training Centre. Air Cadets from across Canada attend the summer training centre to qualify in a variety of courses ranging from the two-week General Training Course, to the six-week Survival Instructor Course.[15][16]

International commitments[edit]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Air Canada Express Montreal-Trudeau
Pascan Aviation Baie-Comeau, Mont-Joli, Montreal-Saint-Hubert, Sept-Îles, Wabush
Sunwing Airlines Seasonal: Cancun, Puerto Plata, Punta Cana, Varadero

Museum[edit]

The base is also home to the Musée de la Défense aérienne. A number of Canadian and foreign military aircraft are on static display outside of main museum building.[20][21]

International Air Show Bagotville[edit]

Since 1953 the base has hosted an air show on a biannual schedule.[22] The event is known as the International air show of Bagotville.[23] Each air show showcases various military aircraft, including those of the Royal Canadian Air Force.[24] The air show averages 100,000 visitors over the weekend.[22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Canada Flight Supplement. Effective 0901Z 10 October 2019 to 0901Z 5 December 2019.
  2. ^ Airport Divestiture Status Report Archived September 30, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Synoptic/Metstat Station Information Archived December 1, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ a b c "Welcome to the Canadian Armed Forces Community".
  5. ^ a b "3 Wing Bagotville". www.rcaf-arc.forces.gc.ca.
  6. ^ "Archived - The Canada Border Services Agency announces more services at Bagotville Airport". Archived from the original on 2016-04-12.
  7. ^ @rcaf_arc (July 3, 2019). "3 Wing Bagotville Change of Command The change of command parade at 3 Wing Bagotville took place on July 3rd to mark the occasion to say farewell to Wing Commander Colonel William Radiff and welcome Colonel Normand Gagné as the new 3 Wing Commander at CFB Bagotville" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  8. ^ a b "About Bagotville". www.cafconnection.ca.
  9. ^ a b "Canadian Forces Base Bagotville". www.canada.ca.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Base de Bagotville : "Défendez le Saguenay"". aviaweb.50megs.com.
  11. ^ Staff writer (c. 1942). Pilots Handbook of Aerodromes and Seaplane Bases Vol. 1. Royal Canadian Air Force. p. 73.
  12. ^ AEROWARE / RCAF.com (n.d.). "Bell CH-118 IROQUOIS". Archived from the original on 2008-01-06. Retrieved 2007-10-24.
  13. ^ Air Force Public Affairs/Department of National Defence (2007-06-28). "CT-133 Silver Star". Archived from the original on 2006-05-10. Retrieved 2007-10-12.
  14. ^ Department of national Defence (January 2009). "Re-formation of 414 Electronic Warfare Support Squadron". Archived from the original on 2011-06-09. Retrieved 2009-01-30.
  15. ^ Carlo De Ciccio. "National Defence | Canadian Armed Forces | News Release | New facilities for Bagotville Air Cadet Camp". www.forces.gc.ca.
  16. ^ Myriam Gauthier (3 July 2018). "Les cadets arrivent à Bagotville". Le Quotidien (in French).
  17. ^ Normand Boivin & Myriam Arsenault (17 May 2018). "La Base de Bagotville prête à intervenir". Le Quotidien (in French).
  18. ^ Myriam Arsenault (18 August 2018). "Des militaires de Bagotville déployés en Roumanie". Le Quotidien (in French).
  19. ^ Marie Vastel. "Peu de soldats québécois seront de la mission au Mali". Le Devoir (in French).
  20. ^ "Musee de la Defence Aerrienne/Air Defence Museum - CFB Bagotville - Quebec - Canada". www.aviationmuseum.eu.
  21. ^ Museum, Air Defence. "Visit the Base - Air Defence Museum". www.bagotvillemuseum.ca.
  22. ^ a b "SPECTACLE AÉRIEN INTERNATIONAL DE BAGOTVILLE (SAIB)". saibagotville.com/fr
  23. ^ "Accueil | Spectacle Aérien International de Bagotville". Spectacle Aérien International de Bagotville (in French).
  24. ^ Paul-Robert Raymond (5 June 2013). "Spectacle aérien international de Bagotville: prestations en altitude". Le Soleil (in French).

External links[edit]