|Preferred IUPAC name
R-114, CFC-114, halon 242, cryofluorane, Freon 114, Genetron 114, Refrigerant 114
3D model (JSmol)
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
|Molar mass||170.92 g/mol|
|Odor||faint, ether-like (high concentrations)|
|Melting point||−94 °C (−137 °F; 179 K)|
|Boiling point||3.5 °C (38.3 °F; 276.6 K)|
|Vapor pressure||1.9 atm (21°C)|
|Occupational safety and health (OHS/OSH):|
|Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):|
LC50 (median concentration)
|720,000 ppm (rat, 30 min)|
700,000 ppm (mouse, 30 min)
750,000 ppm (rabbit, 30 min)
|NIOSH (US health exposure limits):|
|TWA 1000 ppm (7000 mg/m3)|
|TWA 1000 ppm (7000 mg/m3)|
IDLH (Immediate danger)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
(what is ?)
1,2-Dichlorotetrafluoroethane, or R-114, also known as cryofluorane (INN), is a chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) with the molecular formula ClF2CCF2Cl. Its primary use has been as a refrigerant. It is a non-flammable gas with a sweetish, chloroform-like odor with the critical point occurring at 145.6 °C and 3.26 MPa. When pressurized or cooled, it is a colorless liquid. It is listed on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's list of ozone depleting chemicals, and is classified as a Montreal Protocol Class I, group 1 ozone depleting substance.
When used as a refrigerant, R-114 is classified as a medium pressure refrigerant.
The U.S. Navy uses R-114 in its centrifugal chillers in preference to R-11 to avoid air and moisture leakage into the system. While the evaporator of an R-11 charged chiller runs at a vacuum during operation, R-114 yields approximately 0 psig operating pressure in the evaporator.
Aside from its immense environmental impacts, R114, like most chlorofluoroalkanes, forms phosgene gas when exposed to a naked flame.
- NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards. "#0201". National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).
- "Dichlorotetrafluoroethane". Immediately Dangerous to Life or Health Concentrations (IDLH). National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).
- United States Environmental Protection Agency (17 July 2015). "Ozone-Depleting Substances". Retrieved 16 May 2021.
- Laube, Johannes C.; Mohd Hanif, Norfazrin; Martinerie, Patricia; Gallacher, Eileen; Fraser, Paul J.; Langenfelds, Ray; Brenninkmeijer, Carl A. M.; Schwander, Jakob; Witrant, Emmanuel; Wang, Jia-Lin; Ou-Yang, Chang-Feng; Gooch, Lauren J.; Reeves, Claire E.; Sturges, William T.; Oram, David E. (9 December 2016). "Tropospheric observations of CFC-114 and CFC-114a with a focus on long-term trends and emissions". Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics. 16 (23): 15347–15358. Bibcode:2016ACP....1615347L. doi:10.5194/acp-16-15347-2016.
- "False Alarms: The Legacy of Phosgene Gas". HVAC School. 4 January 2021. Retrieved 9 May 2022.